10,537 research outputs found

    Construction and commissioning of the SDHCAL technological prototype

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    International audienceThis proceeding presents the SDHCAL technological prototype. This prototype is a 1 1 1:3m3 high-granularity semi-digital Hadronic calorimeter using GRPC as sensitive medium. It is one of the two HCAL options considered by the ILD collaboration to be proposed for the detector of the future International Linear Collider project. The prototype has been achieved and successfully operated within the CALICE collaboration. The prototype has all the features needed to meet the ILD requirements : power-pulsed embedded electronics, auto-triggering capability, cost-effective technology

    Search for Leptoquarks and Technicolor at the Tevatron

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    Leptoquarks decaying to a top quark and a charged lepton at hadron colliders

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    We study the sensitivity of the Tevatron and the 7 TeV LHC to a leptoquark S coupling to a top quark and a charged lepton L (= e, mu, or tau). For the Tevatron, we focus on the case m_S < m_t, where the leptoquark pair production cross section is large, and the decay is three-body: S --> W b L^{\pm}. We argue that existing Tevatron observations could exclude m_S \lsim 160 GeV. For m_S > m_t, we show that the LHC experiments with low integrated luminosity could be sensitive to such leptoquarks decaying to tl^{\pm} with l= mu or tau.Comment: 13 pages, 6 figures, minor changes (typos

    Magnetization Measurements on Single Crystals of Superconducting Ba0.6K0.4BiO3

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    Extensive measurements of the magnetization of superconducting single crystal samples of Ba0.6K0.4BiO3} have been made using SQUID and cantilever force magnetometry at temperatures ranging between 1.3 and 350 K and in magnetic fields from near zero to 27 T. Hysteresis curves of magnetization versus field allow a determination of the thermodynamic critical field, the reversibility field, and the upper critical field as a function of temperature. The lower critical field is measured seperately and the Ginzburg-Landau parameter is found to be temperature dependent. All critical fields have higher T = 0 limits than have been previously noted and none of the temperature dependence of the critical fields follow the expected power laws leading to possible alternate interpretation of the thermodynamic nature of the superconducting transition.Comment: 33 pages, 11 figures, accepted for publication in Philosophical Magazine B on 7 August 1999. This paper supplies the experimental details for the argument presented in our PRL 82 (1999) p. 4532-4535 (also at cond-mat/9904288

    Radio to Gamma-Ray Emission from Shell-type Supernova Remnants: Predictions from Non-linear Shock Acceleration Models

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    Supernova remnants (SNRs) are widely believed to be the principal source of galactic cosmic rays. Such energetic particles can produce gamma-rays and lower energy photons via interactions with the ambient plasma. In this paper, we present results from a Monte Carlo simulation of non-linear shock structure and acceleration coupled with photon emission in shell-like SNRs. These non-linearities are a by-product of the dynamical influence of the accelerated cosmic rays on the shocked plasma and result in distributions of cosmic rays which deviate from pure power-laws. Such deviations are crucial to acceleration efficiency and spectral considerations, producing GeV/TeV intensity ratios that are quite different from test particle predictions. The Sedov scaling solution for SNR expansions is used to estimate important shock parameters for input into the Monte Carlo simulation. We calculate ion and electron distributions that spawn neutral pion decay, bremsstrahlung, inverse Compton, and synchrotron emission, yielding complete photon spectra from radio frequencies to gamma-ray energies. The cessation of acceleration caused by the spatial and temporal limitations of the expanding SNR shell in moderately dense interstellar regions can yield spectral cutoffs in the TeV energy range; these are consistent with Whipple's TeV upper limits on unidentified EGRET sources. Supernova remnants in lower density environments generate higher energy cosmic rays that produce predominantly inverse Compton emission at super-TeV energies; such sources will generally be gamma-ray dim at GeV energies.Comment: 62 pages, AASTeX format, including 1 table and 11 figures, accepted for publication in The Astrophysical Journal (Vol 513, March 1, 1999

    Real time decoherence of Landau and Levitov quasi-particles in quantum Hall edge channels

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    Quantum Hall edge channels at integer filling factor provide a unique test-bench to understand decoherence and relaxation of single electronic excitations in a ballistic quantum conductor. In this Letter, we obtain a full visualization of the decoherence scenario of energy (Landau) and time (Levitov) resolved single electron excitations at filling factor ν=2\nu=2. We show that the Landau excitation exhibits a fast relaxation followed by spin-charge separation whereas the Levitov excitation only experiences spin-charge separation. We finally suggest to use Hong-Ou-Mandel type experiments to probe specific signatures of these different scenarios.Comment: 14 pages, 8 figure

    Vermont Price Variation Analysis

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    This analysis documents price variations across the state and suggests a process and methodology that the Vermont Green Mountain Care Board could use to set standard rates. The report determined that inpatient prices among Vermont\u27s 14 hospitals and Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center in New Hampshire vary from 71 to 130 percent of the state average. The analysis identified a number of factors that explain some variation in professional prices among providers and also showed there is no consistency in the share of variation explained by each factor across health services

    Long Range Scattering and Modified Wave Operators for some Hartree Type Equations

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    We study the theory of scattering for a class of Hartree type equations with long range interactions in space dimension n > 2, including Hartree equations with potential V(x) = lambda |x|^{- gamma} with gamma < 1. For 1/2 < gamma < 1 we prove the existence of modified wave operators with no size restriction on the data and we determine the asymptotic behaviour in time of solutions in the range of the wave operators.Comment: TeX, 89 pages, available http://qcd.th.u-psud.f
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