247 research outputs found

    Reasoning over Ontologies with Hidden Content: The Import-by-Query Approach

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    There is currently a growing interest in techniques for hiding parts of the signature of an ontology Kh that is being reused by another ontology Kv. Towards this goal, in this paper we propose the import-by-query framework, which makes the content of Kh accessible through a limited query interface. If Kv reuses the symbols from Kh in a certain restricted way, one can reason over Kv U Kh by accessing only Kv and the query interface. We map out the landscape of the import-by-query problem. In particular, we outline the limitations of our framework and prove that certain restrictions on the expressivity of Kh and the way in which Kv reuses symbols from Kh are strictly necessary to enable reasoning in our setting. We also identify cases in which reasoning is possible and we present suitable import-by-query reasoning algorithms

    Computing Horn Rewritings of Description Logics Ontologies

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    We study the problem of rewriting an ontology O1 expressed in a DL L1 into an ontology O2 in a Horn DL L2 such that O1 and O2 are equisatisfiable when extended with an arbitrary dataset. Ontologies that admit such rewritings are amenable to reasoning techniques ensuring tractability in data complexity. After showing undecidability whenever L1 extends ALCF, we focus on devising efficiently checkable conditions that ensure existence of a Horn rewriting. By lifting existing techniques for rewriting Disjunctive Datalog programs into plain Datalog to the case of arbitrary first-order programs with function symbols, we identify a class of ontologies that admit Horn rewritings of polynomial size. Our experiments indicate that many real-world ontologies satisfy our sufficient conditions and thus admit polynomial Horn rewritings.Comment: 15 pages. To appear in IJCAI-1

    Towards more Challenging Problems for Ontology Matching Tools

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    We motivate the need for challenging problems in the evaluation of ontology matching tools. To address this need, we propose mapping sets between well-known biomedical ontologies that are based on the UMLS Metathesaurus. These mappings could be used as a basis for a new track in future OAEI campaigns (http://oaei.ontologymatching.org/).

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    Datalog Rewritability of Disjunctive Datalog Programs and its Applications to Ontology Reasoning

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    We study the problem of rewriting a disjunctive datalog program into plain datalog. We show that a disjunctive program is rewritable if and only if it is equivalent to a linear disjunctive program, thus providing a novel characterisation of datalog rewritability. Motivated by this result, we propose weakly linear disjunctive datalog---a novel rule-based KR language that extends both datalog and linear disjunctive datalog and for which reasoning is tractable in data complexity. We then explore applications of weakly linear programs to ontology reasoning and propose a tractable extension of OWL 2 RL with disjunctive axioms. Our empirical results suggest that many non-Horn ontologies can be reduced to weakly linear programs and that query answering over such ontologies using a datalog engine is feasible in practice.Comment: 14 pages. To appear at AAAI-1

    Benchmarking ontologybased query rewriting systems

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    Query rewriting is a prominent reasoning technique in ontology-based data access applications. A wide variety of query rewriting algorithms have been proposed in recent years and implemented in highly optimised reasoning systems. Query rewriting systems are complex software programs; even if based on provably correct algorithms, sophisticated optimisations make the systems more complex and errors become more likely to happen. In this paper, we present an algorithm that, given an ontology as input, synthetically generates “relevant ” test queries. Intuitively, each of these queries can be used to verify whether the system correctly performs a certain set of “inferences”, each of which can be traced back to axioms in the input ontology. Furthermore, we present techniques that allow us to determine whether a system is unsound and/or incomplete for a given test query and ontology. Our evaluation shows that most publicly available query rewriting systems are unsound and/or incomplete, even on commonly used benchmark ontologies; more importantly, our techniques revealed the precise causes of their correctness issues and the systems were then corrected based on our feedback. Finally, since our evaluation is based on a larger set of test queries than existing benchmarks, which are based on hand-crafted queries, it also provides a better understanding of the scalability behaviour of each system

    Stream Reasoning in Temporal Datalog

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    In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in extending traditional stream processing engines with logical, rule-based, reasoning capabilities. This poses significant theoretical and practical challenges since rules can derive new information and propagate it both towards past and future time points; as a result, streamed query answers can depend on data that has not yet been received, as well as on data that arrived far in the past. Stream reasoning algorithms, however, must be able to stream out query answers as soon as possible, and can only keep a limited number of previous input facts in memory. In this paper, we propose novel reasoning problems to deal with these challenges, and study their computational properties on Datalog extended with a temporal sort and the successor function (a core rule-based language for stream reasoning applications)

    Foundations of Declarative Data Analysis Using Limit Datalog Programs

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    Motivated by applications in declarative data analysis, we study DatalogZ\mathit{Datalog}_{\mathbb{Z}}---an extension of positive Datalog with arithmetic functions over integers. This language is known to be undecidable, so we propose two fragments. In limit DatalogZ\mathit{limit}~\mathit{Datalog}_{\mathbb{Z}} predicates are axiomatised to keep minimal/maximal numeric values, allowing us to show that fact entailment is coNExpTime-complete in combined, and coNP-complete in data complexity. Moreover, an additional stability\mathit{stability} requirement causes the complexity to drop to ExpTime and PTime, respectively. Finally, we show that stable DatalogZ\mathit{Datalog}_{\mathbb{Z}} can express many useful data analysis tasks, and so our results provide a sound foundation for the development of advanced information systems.Comment: 23 pages; full version of a paper accepted at IJCAI-17; v2 fixes some typos and improves the acknowledgment

    Stratified Negation in Limit Datalog Programs

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    There has recently been an increasing interest in declarative data analysis, where analytic tasks are specified using a logical language, and their implementation and optimisation are delegated to a general-purpose query engine. Existing declarative languages for data analysis can be formalised as variants of logic programming equipped with arithmetic function symbols and/or aggregation, and are typically undecidable. In prior work, the language of limit programs\mathit{limit\ programs} was proposed, which is sufficiently powerful to capture many analysis tasks and has decidable entailment problem. Rules in this language, however, do not allow for negation. In this paper, we study an extension of limit programs with stratified negation-as-failure. We show that the additional expressive power makes reasoning computationally more demanding, and provide tight data complexity bounds. We also identify a fragment with tractable data complexity and sufficient expressivity to capture many relevant tasks.Comment: 14 pages; full version of a paper accepted at IJCAI-1
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