3,439 research outputs found

    Study of the thermal distribution for YBCO based Transition Edge Bolometers working above 77 K

    Get PDF
    ransition Edge Bolometers (TEB) are among the simplest radiation detectors. The straightforward operation mode provides good results only if it is combined with a careful thermal optimization.In a TEB, the strong dependence of the electrical resistivity on the temperature in its transition zone enables the detection of a variation of the local temperature which can reach tens of ¬ĶK. For this reason, it is essential to study the thermal profile of the superconducting active part of the detector, hence its substrate, to make it as homogeneous as possible.Irradiated YBa 2 Cu 3 O 7-x (YBCO) films can be used for position sensitive detection of infrared radiation. A TEB with a double meander pattern, one of which with a reduced critical temperature due to irradiation with high-energy heavy ions, was designed to work in a portable cryostat at a temperature above the liquid nitrogen (LN 2 ) point.In this work, we present a series of Finite Element Method simulations (using COMSOL Multiphysics ¬ģ ) aimed at the optimization of the thermal distribution above the YBCO film. Once the optimal working point for the device is found, various materials for the bolometer hosting are tested to identify the combination that provides the most homogeneous temperature distribution. The optimal configurations are then analyzed in response to a sudden change in the PID current to determine the one which presents the best behavior in a transient situation

    Modelling and Performance Analysis of MgB2 and Hybrid Magnetic Shields

    Get PDF
    Superconductors are strategic materials for the fabrication of magnetic shields, and within this class, MgB [Formula: see text] has been proven to be a very promising option. However, a successful approach to produce devices with high shielding ability also requires the availability of suitable simulation tools guiding the optimization process. In this paper, we report on a 3D numerical model based on a vector potential (A)-formulation, exploited to investigate the properties of superconducting (SC) shielding structures with cylindrical symmetry and an aspect ratio of height to diameter approaching one. To this aim, we first explored the viability of this model by solving a benchmark problem and comparing the computation outputs with those obtained with the most used approach based on the H-formulation. This comparison evidenced the full agreement of the computation outcomes as well as the much better performance of the model based on the A-formulation in terms of computation time. Relying on this result, the latter model was exploited to predict the shielding properties of open and single capped MgB [Formula: see text] tubes with and without the superimposition of a ferromagnetic (FM) shield. This investigation highlighted that the addition of the FM shell is very efficient in increasing the shielding factors of the SC screen when the applied magnetic field is tilted with respect to the shield axis. This effect is already significant at low tilt angles and allows compensating the strong decrease in the shielding ability that affects the short tubular SC screens when the external field is applied out of their axis

    Performance of CMS muon reconstruction in pp collision events at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV

    Get PDF
    The performance of muon reconstruction, identification, and triggering in CMS has been studied using 40 inverse picobarns of data collected in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV at the LHC in 2010. A few benchmark sets of selection criteria covering a wide range of physics analysis needs have been examined. For all considered selections, the efficiency to reconstruct and identify a muon with a transverse momentum pT larger than a few GeV is above 95% over the whole region of pseudorapidity covered by the CMS muon system, abs(eta) < 2.4, while the probability to misidentify a hadron as a muon is well below 1%. The efficiency to trigger on single muons with pT above a few GeV is higher than 90% over the full eta range, and typically substantially better. The overall momentum scale is measured to a precision of 0.2% with muons from Z decays. The transverse momentum resolution varies from 1% to 6% depending on pseudorapidity for muons with pT below 100 GeV and, using cosmic rays, it is shown to be better than 10% in the central region up to pT = 1 TeV. Observed distributions of all quantities are well reproduced by the Monte Carlo simulation.Comment: Replaced with published version. Added journal reference and DO

    Performance of CMS muon reconstruction in pp collision events at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV