8,911 research outputs found

    Temperature dependence of the axial magnetic effect in two-color quenched QCD

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    The Axial Magnetic Effect is the generation of an equilibrium dissipationless energy flow of chiral fermions in the direction of the axial (chiral) magnetic field. At finite temperature the dissipationless energy transfer may be realized in the absence of any chemical potentials. We numerically study the temperature behavior of the Axial Magnetic Effect in quenched SU(2) lattice gauge theory. We show that in the confinement (hadron) phase the effect is absent. In the deconfinement transition region the conductivity quickly increases, reaching the asymptotic T2T^2 behavior in a deep deconfinement (plasma) phase. Apart from an overall proportionality factor, our results qualitatively agree with theoretical predictions for the behavior of the energy flow as a function of temperature and strength of the axial magnetic field.Comment: 5 pages, 1 figur

    Phase structure of electroweak vacuum in a strong magnetic field: the lattice results

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    Using first-principle lattice simulations, we demonstrate that in the background of a strong magnetic field (around 10^{20} T), the electroweak sector of the vacuum experiences two consecutive crossover transitions associated with dramatic changes in the zero-temperature dynamics of the vector W bosons and the scalar Higgs particles, respectively. Above the first crossover, we observe the appearance of large, inhomogeneous structures consistent with a classical picture of the formation of W and Z condensates pierced by vortices. The presence of the W and Z condensates supports the emergence of the exotic superconducting and superfluid properties induced by a strong magnetic field in the vacuum. We find evidence that the vortices form a disordered solid or a liquid rather than a crystal. The second transition restores the electroweak symmetry. Such conditions can be realized in the near-horizon region of the magnetized black holes.Comment: 10 page

    Inhomogeneity of rotating gluon plasma and Tolman-Ehrenfest law in imaginary time: lattice results for fast imaginary rotation

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    We present the results of first-principle numerical simulations of Euclidean SU(3) Yang-Mills plasma rotating with a high imaginary angular frequency. The rigid Euclidean rotation is introduced via ``rotwisted'' boundary conditions along imaginary time direction. The Polyakov loop in the co-rotating Euclidean reference frame shows the emergence of a spatially inhomogeneous confining-deconfining phase through a broad crossover transition. A continuation of our numerical results to Minkowski spacetime suggests that the gluon plasma, rotating at real angular frequencies, produces a new inhomogeneous phase possessing the confining phase near the rotation axis and the deconfinement phase in the outer regions. The inhomogeneous phase structure has a purely kinematic origin, rooted in the Tolman-Ehrenfest effect in a rotating medium. We also derive the Euclidean version of the Tolman-Ehrenfest law in imaginary time formalism and discuss two definitions of temperature at imaginary Euclidean rotation.Comment: 12 pages, 7 figure

    Generation of electric current by magnetic field at the boundary: quantum scale anomaly vs. semiclassical Meissner current

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    The scale (conformal) anomaly can generate an electric current near the boundary of a system in the presence of a static magnetic field. The magnitude of this magnetization current, produced at zero temperature and in the absence of matter, is proportional to a beta function associated with the renormalization of the electric charge. Using first-principle lattice simulations, we investigate how the breaking of the scale symmetry affects this ``scale magnetic effect'' near a Dirichlet boundary in scalar QED (Abelian Higgs model). We demonstrate the interplay of the generated current with vortex excitations both in symmetric (normal) and broken (superconducting) phases and compare the results with the anomalous current produced in the conformal, scale-invariant regime.Comment: 12 pages, 12 figure

    Lattice QCD at finite baryon density using analytic continuation

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    We simulate lattice QCD with two flavors of Wilson fermions at imaginary baryon chemical potential. Results for the baryon number density computed in the confining and deconfining phases at imaginary baryon chemical potential are used to determine the baryon number density and higher cumulants at the real chemical potential via analytical continuation.Comment: 8 pages, 8 figures, Contribution to ICNFP2017, to be published in EPJ Web of Conference

    A new look at the cosmic ray positron fraction

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    The positron fraction in cosmic rays was found to be a steadily increasing in function of energy, above ‚ąľ\sim 10 GeV. This behaviour contradicts standard astrophysical mechanisms, in which positrons are secondary particles, produced in the interactions of primary cosmic rays during the propagation in the interstellar medium. The observed anomaly in the positron fraction triggered a lot of excitement, as it could be interpreted as an indirect signature of the presence of dark matter species in the Galaxy. Alternatively, it could be produced by nearby astrophysical sources, such as pulsars. Both hypotheses are probed in this work in light of the latest AMS-02 positron fraction measurements. The transport of the primary and secondary positrons in the Galaxy is described using a semi-analytic two-zone model. MicrOMEGAs is used to model the positron flux generated by dark matter species. The description of the positron fraction from astrophysical sources is based on the pulsar observations included in the ATNF catalogue. We find that the mass of the favoured dark matter candidates is always larger than 500 GeV. The only dark matter species that fulfils the numerous gamma ray and cosmic microwave background bounds is a particle annihilating into four leptons through a light scalar or vector mediator, with a mixture of tau (75%) and electron (25%) channels, and a mass between 0.5 and 1 TeV. The positron anomaly can also be explained by a single astrophysical source and a list of five pulsars from the ATNF catalogue is given. Those results are obtained with the cosmic ray transport parameters that best fit the B/C ratio. Uncertainties in the propagation parameters turn out to be very significant. In the WIMP annihilation cross section to mass plane for instance, they overshadow the error contours derived from the positron data.Comment: 20 pages, 16 figures, accepted for publication in A&A, corresponds to published versio

    Researches and grounds of design of pharmaceutical development and industrial introduction of production of parenteral preparations on the basis of recombinant proteins

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    In the conditions of introduction of the proper practice of production of medicinal facilities on pharmaceutical enterprises in Ukraine, it is necessary to develop effective measures of projects management for creation of favourable conditions for modernisation of pharmaceutical production, innovative management and management of development projects. The optimization of pharmaceutical production of injection preparations, modernisation of the pharmaceutical industries, is being implemented in accordance with the standards of GM

    A rotating cavity for high-field angle-dependent microwave spectroscopy of low-dimensional conductors and magnets

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    The cavity perturbation technique is an extremely powerful method for measuring the electrodynamic response of a material in the millimeter- and sub-millimeter spectral range (10 GHz to 1 THz), particularly in the case of high-field/frequency magnetic resonance spectroscopy. However, the application of such techniques within the limited space of a high-field magnet presents significant technical challenges. We describe a 7.62 mm x 7.62 mm (diameter x length) rotating cylindrical cavity which overcomes these problems.Comment: 11 pages including 8 figure
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