973 research outputs found

    Social Work Intervention with the Aged: Toward a Change in the Institutionalized Thought Structure

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    The social problems associated with aging are viewed as derived from a series of socially defined meanings in the areas of: (1) power/authority,(2) responsibility, (3) productivity/work, (4) dependence/ independence,and (5) knowledge/rationality. A parallel series of alternative meanings is proposed which make possible the creation of alternative institutional forms which hold promise for making contemporary problems substantially obsolete. An era of post-professinalism is envisioned in which helping agents become political activists committed to social change on the cognitive, as well as the material level

    Die volkswirtschaftliche Bedeutung der Familienunternehmen : Aktualisierung 2014

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    Bei dieser Studie handelt es sich um die Aktualisierung der Untersuchung aus den Jahren 2009 und 2011, in der das ZEW und das ifm Mannheim die volkswirtschaftliche Bedeutung von Familienunternehmen in Deutschland untersucht hatten (Stiftung Familienunternehmen 2009 und 2011). Sie basiert zum einen auf einer Auswertung des Mannheimer Unternehmenspanels (MUP), das auf die umfangreiche Unternehmensdatenbank des Verbands der Vereine Creditreform zurückzuführen ist. Das MUP bildet den deutschen Unternehmensbestand nahezu vollständig ab. Zum anderen wurde eine neue Liste der 500 größten deutschen Familienunternehmen erstellt und deren Bedeutung für die Gesamtwirtschaft untersucht

    Compliance with behavioral guidelines for diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviors is related to insulin resistance among overweight and obese youth

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    Abstract Background Overweight and obesity are established risk factors for insulin resistance in youth. A number of behavioral recommendations have been publicized with the goal of improving glycemic control. However, there is limited information about whether meeting these behavioral recommendations actually reduces insulin resistance. Findings 92 youths 11 - 16 years with BMI ≥ 85% underwent oral glucose tolerance testing. HOMA-IR and AUCInsulin/AUCGlucose were calculated as measures of insulin resistance. Dietary and physical activity (PA) measures were performed. Assessments included whether or not participants met recommended levels of diet, PA and sedentary behaviors. 62% youths met criteria for insulin resistance. 82% (75/92) met at least one behavioral recommendation. Participants who met ≥ 1 dietary, sedentary, or PA recommendations had significantly reduced insulin resistance as compared with youth who did not. This relationship remained significant in multivariate modeling of insulin resistance adjusting for age, sex, and BMI. Conclusions Even relatively minor behavior change may reduce insulin resistance in youth at risk for diabetes. Our findings support the relevance of current behavioral interventions for glycemic control. Trials Registration Clinical Trials #NCT00412165
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