8,390 research outputs found

    Room temperature multiferroicity in orthorhombic LuFeO3_3

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    From the measurement of dielectric, ferroelectric, and magnetic properties we observe simultaneous ferroelectric and magnetic transitions around \sim600 K in orthorhombic LuFeO3_3. We also observe suppression of the remanent polarization by \sim95\% under a magnetic field of \sim15 kOe at room temperature. The extent of suppression of the polarization under magnetic field increases monotonically with the field. These results show that even the orthorhombic LuFeO3_3 is a room temperature multiferroic of type-II variety exhibiting quite a strong coupling between magnetization and polarization.Comment: 5 pages with 5 figures; published in Appl. Phys. Let

    Solar Neutrino Oscillation Parameters after KamLAND

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    We explore the impact of the data from the KamLAND experiment in constraining neutrino mass and mixing angles involved in solar neutrino oscillations. In particular we discuss the precision with which we can determine the the mass squared difference Δmsolar2\Delta m^2_{solar} and the mixing angle θsolar\theta_{solar} from combined solar and KamLAND data. We show that the precision with which \Delta m^_{solar} can be determined improves drastically with the KamLAND data but the sensitivity of KamLAND to the mixing angle is not as good. We study the effect of enhanced statistics in KamLAND as well as reduced systematics in improving the precision. We also show the effect of the SNO salt data in improving the precision. Finally we discuss how a dedicated reactor experiment with a baseline of 70 km can improve the θsolar\theta_{solar} sensitivity by a large amount.Comment: Talk given at 4th International Conference on Nonaccelerator New Physics (NANP 03), Dubna, Russia, 23-28 Jun 200

    Radiating Collapse with Vanishing Weyl stresses

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    In a recent approach in modelling a radiating relativistic star undergoing gravitational collapse the role of the Weyl stresses was emphasised. It is possible to generate a model which is physically reasonable by approximately solving the junction conditions at the boundary of the star. In this paper we demonstrate that it is possible to solve the Einstein field equations and the junction conditions exactly. This exact solution contains the Friedmann dust solution as a limiting case. We briefly consider the radiative transfer within the framework of extended irreversible thermodynamics and show that relaxational effects significantly alter the temperature profiles.Comment: 10 pages, submitted to IJMP-

    Scalar field collapse and cosmic censorship

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    We analyze here the final fate of complete gravitational collapse of a massless scalar field within general relativity. A class of dynamical solutions with initial data close to the Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) collapse model is explicitly given and the Einstein equations are integrated numerically in a neighborhood of the center. We show that the initial data space is evenly divided between the dynamical evolutions that terminate in a black hole final state and those that produce a locally naked singularity. We comment on the genericity aspects of the collapse end-states and the connection to cosmic censorship conjecture is pointed out.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figur