4,973 research outputs found

    Non-Abelian gauge fields in the gradient expansion: generalized Boltzmann and Eilenberger equations

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    We present a microscopic derivation of the generalized Boltzmann and Eilenberger equations in the presence of non-Abelian gauges, for the case of a non-relativistic disordered Fermi gas. A unified and symmetric treatment of the charge [U(1)][U(1)] and spin [SU(2)][SU(2)] degrees of freedom is achieved. Within this framework, just as the U(1)U(1) Lorentz force generates the Hall effect, so does its SU(2)SU(2) counterpart give rise to the spin Hall effect. Considering elastic and spin-independent disorder we obtain diffusion equations for charge and spin densities and show how the interplay between an in-plane magnetic field and a time dependent Rashba term generates in-plane charge currents.Comment: 11 pages, 1 figure; some corrections and updated/extended reference

    Scalar models for the generalized Chaplygin gas and the structure formation constraints

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    The generalized Chaplygin gas model represents an attempt to unify dark matter and dark energy. It is characterized by a fluid with an equation of state p=A/ραp = - A/\rho^\alpha. It can be obtained from a generalization of the DBI action for a scalar, tachyonic field. At background level, this model gives very good results, but it suffers from many drawbacks at perturbative level. We show that, while for background analysis it is possible to consider any value for α\alpha, the perturbative analysis must be restricted to positive values of α\alpha. This restriction can be circumvented if the origin of the generalized Chaplygin gas is traced back to a self-interacting scalar field, instead of the DBI action. But, in doing so, the predictions coming from formation of large scale structures reduce the generalized Chaplygin gas model to a kind of quintessence model, and the unification scenario is lost, if the scalar field is the canonical one. However, if the unification condition is imposed from the beginning as a prior, the model may remain competitive. More interesting results, concerning the unification program, are obtained if a non-canonical self-interacting scalar field, inspired by Rastall's theory of gravity, is imposed. In this case, an agreement with the background tests is possible.Comment: Latex file, 25 pages, 33 figures in eps format. New section on scalar models. Accepted for publication in Gravitation&Cosmolog

    Statefinder Parameters for Five-Dimensional Cosmology

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    We study the statefinder parameter in the five-dimensional big bounce model, and apply it to differentiate the attractor solutions of quintessence and phantom field. It is found that the evolving trajectories of these two attractor solutions in the statefinder parameters plane are quite different, and that are different from the statefinder trajectories of other dark energy models.Comment: 8 pages, 12 figures. accepted by MPL

    Holographic Dark Energy Scenario and Variable Modified Chaplygin Gas

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    In this letter, we have considered that the universe is filled with normal matter and variable modified Chaplygin gas. Also we have considered the interaction between normal matter and variable modified Chaplygin gas in FRW universe. Then we have considered a correspondence between the holographic dark energy density and interacting variable modified Chaplygin gas energy density. Then we have reconstructed the potential of the scalar field which describes the variable modified Chaplygin cosmology.Comment: 4 latex pages, no figures, RevTeX styl

    Conservation laws and scattering for de Sitter classical particles

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    Starting from an intrinsic geometric characterization of de Sitter timelike and lightlike geodesics we give a new description of the conserved quantities associated with classical free particles on the de Sitter manifold. These quantities allow for a natural discussion of classical pointlike scattering and decay processes. We also provide an intrinsic definition of energy of a classical de Sitter particle and discuss its different expressions in various local coordinate systems and their relations with earlier definitions found in the literature.Comment: 25 pages, 1 figur

    Interacting Ricci Dark Energy and its Statefinder Description

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    In this paper we have considered an interacting Ricci dark energy in flat FRW universe. We have reconstructed the Hubble's parameter under this interaction. Also, we have investigated the statefinder diagnostics. It has been revealed that the equation of state parameter behaves like quintessence in this interaction and from the statefinder diagnostics it has been concluded that the interacting Ricci dark energy interpolates between dust and Λ\LambdaCDM stages of the universe.Comment: 9 pages, 3 figure

    Positive Quantum Brownian Evolution

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    Using the independent oscillator model with an arbitrary system potential, we derive a quantum Brownian equation assuming a correlated total initial state. Although not of Lindblad form, the equation preserves positivity of the density operator on a restricted set of initial states

    Statefinder diagnostic for holographic dark energy model

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    In this paper we study the holographic dark energy model proposed by Li from the statefinder viewpoint. We plot the evolutionary trajectories of the model with c=1c=1 in the statefinder parameter-planes. The statefinder diagrams characterize the properties of the holographic dark energy and show the discrimination between this scenario and other dark energy models. We also perform a statefinder diagnostic to the holographic dark energy model in cases of different cc which given by three fits to observational data. The result indicates that from the statefinder viewpoint cc plays a significant role in this model and should thus be determined seriously by future high precision experiments.Comment: 13 pages, 3 figure

    Iso-spectral potential and inflationary quantum cosmology

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    Using the factorization approach of quantum mechanics, we obtain a family of isospectral scalar potentials for power law inflationary cosmology. The construction is based on a scattering Wheeler-DeWitt solution. These iso-spectrals have new features, they give a mechanism to end inflation, as well as the possibility to have new inflationary epochs. The procedure can be extended to other cosmological models.Comment: 14 pages, 5 figure

    Bifurcation Phenomenon in a Spin Relaxation

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    Spin relaxation in a strong-coupling regime (with respect to the spin system) is investigated in detail based on the spin-boson model in a stochastic limit. We find a bifurcation phenomenon in temperature dependence of relaxation constants, which is never observed in the weak-coupling regime. We also discuss inequalities among the relaxation constants in our model and show the well-known relation 2\Gamma_T >= \Gamma_L, for example, for a wider parameter region than before.Comment: REVTeX4, 5 pages, 5 EPS figure