32 research outputs found

    Distortion and instability compensation with deep learning for rotational scanning endoscopic optical coherence tomography

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    Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is increasingly used in endoluminal procedures since it provides high-speed and high resolution imaging. Distortion and instability of images obtained with a proximal scanning endoscopic OCT system are significant due to the motor rotation irregularity, the friction between the rotating probe and outer sheath and synchronization issues. On-line compensation of artefacts is essential to ensure image quality suitable for real-time assistance during diagnosis or minimally invasive treatment. In this paper, we propose a new online correction method to tackle both B-scan distortion, video stream shaking and drift problem of endoscopic OCT linked to A-line level image shifting. The proposed computational approach for OCT scanning video correction integrates a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) to improve the estimation of azimuthal shifting of each A-line. To suppress the accumulative error of integral estimation we also introduce another CNN branch to estimate a dynamic overall orientation angle. We train the network with semi-synthetic OCT videos by intentionally adding rotational distortion into real OCT scanning images. The results show that networks trained on this semi-synthetic data generalize to stabilize real OCT videos, and the algorithm efficacy is demonstrated on both ex vivo and in vivo data, where strong scanning artifacts are successfully corrected. (c) 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V

    Static and dynamic crystalline lens accommodation evaluated using quantitative 3-D OCT

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    Custom high-resolution high-speed anterior segment spectral domain Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) provided with automatic quantification and distortion correction algorithms was used to characterize three-dimensionally (3-D) the human crystalline lens in vivo in four subjects, for accommodative demands between 0 to 6 D in 1 D steps. Anterior and posterior lens radii of curvature decreased with accommodative demand at rates of 0.73 and 0.20 mm/D, resulting in an increase of the estimated optical power of the eye of 0.62 D per diopter of accommodative demand. Dynamic fluctuations in crystalline lens radii of curvature, anterior chamber depth and lens thickness were also estimated from dynamic 2-D OCT images (14 Hz), acquired during 5-s of steady fixation, for different accommodative demands. Estimates of the eye power from dynamical geometrical measurements revealed an increase of the fluctuations of the accommodative response from 0.07 D to 0.47 D between 0 and 6 D (0.044 D per D of accommodative demand). A sensitivity analysis showed that the fluctuations of accommodation were driven by dynamic changes in the lens surfaces, particularly in the posterior lens surface. © 2013 Optical Society of America.The authors acknowledge funding from Predoctoral fellowship CSIC-I3P2006 to EG; FNP Ventures Program co-financed by the EU Funds to MG; EURYI-01/2008-PL (EURHORCs) to MW; MICINN FIS2011-02065 to SM. The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union's Seventh Framework Program (FP/2007-2013) / ERC Grant Agreement n. [294099] to SM. The authors acknowledge technical hardware and software support of Ireneusz Grulkowski and Maciej Szkulmowski from NCU Toruń.Peer Reviewe

    Endoscopic optical coherence tomography: technologies and clinical applications [Invited]

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    International audienceIn this paper, we review the current state of technology development and clinical applications of endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT). Key design and engineering considerations are discussed for most OCT endoscopes, including side-viewing and forward-viewing probes, along with different scanning mechanisms (proximal-scanning versus distal-scanning). Multi-modal endoscopes that integrate OCT with other imaging modalities are also discussed. The review of clinical applications of endoscopic OCT focuses heavily on diagnosis of diseases and guidance of interventions. Representative applications in several organ systems are presented, such as in the cardiovascular, digestive, respiratory, and reproductive systems. A brief outlook of the field of endoscopic OCT is also discussed

    Anterior segment imaging with Spectral OCT system using a high-speed CMOS camera

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    We describe a new ultrahigh speed Spectral OCT instrument making use of a CMOS camera and demonstrate high quality in vivo imaging of the anterior segment of the human eye. The high flexibility of the designed imaging system allows a wide range of imaging protocols. Two- and three-dimensional high quality OCT images of the cornea, the anterior chamber and the crystalline lens are presented. A high acquisition rate, up to 135,000 A-scans/second enables three-dimensional reconstruction of the anterior segment during lenticular accommodation, blinking and pupillary reaction to light stimulus. We demonstrate OCT tomographic real time imaging of the lens dynamics during accommodation and high quality OCT cross-sectional images of the entire anterior segment of the eye from the cornea up to posterior part of the crystalline lens. ©2009 Optical Society of America.This work was supported by EuroHORCs-European Science Foundation EURYI Award EURYI-01/2008-PL (M.W.) and EURYI-05-102-ES (S. M.) as well as by Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education (research grant for years 2006-2008) and by the project operated within the Foundation for Polish Science Ventures Programme co-financed by the EU European Regional Development Fund (M. G.). The support of the Rector of the Nicolaus Copernicus University (scientific grant 504-F M.W.) is also gratefully acknowledged.Peer Reviewe

    Colon phantoms with cancer lesions for endoscopic characterization with optical coherence tomography

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    International audienceOptical coherence tomography (OCT) is a growing imaging technique for real-time early diagnosis of digestive system diseases. As with other well-established medical imaging modalities, OCT requires validated imaging performance and standardized test methods for performance assessment. A major limitation in the development and testing of new imaging technologies is the lack of models for simultaneous clinical procedure emulation and characterization of healthy and diseased tissues. Currently, the former can be tested in large animal models and the latter can be tested in small animal disease models or excised human biopsy samples. In this study, a 23 cm by 23 cm optical phantom was developed to mimic the thickness and near-infrared optical properties of each anatomical layer of a human colon, as well as the surface topography of colorectal polyps and visual appearance compatible with white light endoscop

    Automated segmentation and characterization of esophageal wall in vivo by tethered capsule optical coherence tomography endomicroscopy

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    International audienceOptical coherence tomography (OCT) is an optical diagnostic modality that can acquire cross-sectional images of the microscopic structure of the esophagus, including Barrett's esophagus (BE) and associated dysplasia. We developed a swallowable tethered capsule OCT endomicroscopy (TCE) device that acquires high-resolution images of entire gastrointestinal (GI) tract luminal organs. This device has a potential to become a screening method that identifies patients with an abnormal esophagus that should be further referred for upper endoscopy. Currently, the characterization of the OCT-TCE esophageal wall data set is performed manually, which is time-consuming and inefficient. Additionally, since the capsule optics optimally focus light approximately 500 µm outside the capsule wall and the best quality images are obtained when the tissue is in full contact with the capsule, it is crucial to provide feedback for the operator about tissue contact during the imaging procedure. In this study, we developed a fully automated algorithm for the segmentation of in vivo OCT-TCE data sets and characterization of the esophageal wall. The algorithm provides a two-dimensional representation of both the contact map from the data collected in human clinical studies as well as a tissue map depicting areas of BE with or without dysplasia. Results suggest that these techniques can potentially improve the current TCE data acquisition procedure and provide an efficient characterization of the diseased esophageal wall

    The clinical usefulness of optical coherence tomography during cancer interventions

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    International audienceTumor detection and visualization plays a key role in the clinical workflow of a patient with suspected cancer, both in the diagnosis and treatment. Several optical imaging techniques have been evaluated for guidance during oncological interventions. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a technique which has been widely evaluated during the past decades. This review aims to determine the clinical usefulness of OCT during cancer interventions focussing on qualitative features, quantitative features and the diagnostic value of OCT
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