2,220 research outputs found

    Heat fluctuations in Ising models coupled with two different heat baths

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    Monte Carlo simulations of Ising models coupled to heat baths at two different temperatures are used to study a fluctuation relation for the heat exchanged between the two thermostats in a time Ï„\tau. Different kinetics (single--spin--flip or spin--exchange Kawasaki dynamics), transition rates (Glauber or Metropolis), and couplings between the system and the thermostats have been considered. In every case the fluctuation relation is verified in the large Ï„\tau limit, both in the disordered and in the low temperature phase. Finite-Ï„\tau corrections are shown to obey a scaling behavior.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figures. To be published in Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical as fast track communicatio

    Six vertex model with domain-wall boundary conditions in the Bethe-Peierls approximation

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    We use the Bethe-Peierls method combined with the belief propagation algorithm to study the arctic curves in the six vertex model on a square lattice with domain-wall boundary conditions, and the six vertex model on a rectangular lattice with partial domain-wall boundary conditions. We show that this rather simple approximation yields results that are remarkably close to the exact ones when these are known, and allows one to estimate the location of the phase boundaries with relative little effort in cases in which exact results are not available.Comment: 19 pages, 14 figure

    Fluctuations of rotational and translational degrees of freedom in an interacting active dumbbell system

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    We study the dynamical properties of a two-dimensional ensemble of self-propelled dumbbells with only repulsive interactions. After summarizing the behavior of the translational and rotational mean-square displacements in the homogeneous phase that we established in a previous study, we analyze their fluctuations. We study the dependence of the probability distribution functions in terms of the P\'eclet number, describing the relative role of active forces and thermal fluctuations, and of particle density.Comment: arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:1501.0405

    Energy and Heat Fluctuations in a Temperature Quench

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    Fluctuations of energy and heat are investigated during the relaxation following the instantaneous temperature quench of an extended system. Results are obtained analytically for the Gaussian model and for the large NN model quenched below the critical temperature TCT_C. The main finding is that fluctuations exceeding a critical threshold do condense. Though driven by a mechanism similar to that of Bose-Einstein condensation, this phenomenon is an out-of-equilibrium feature produced by the breaking of energy equipartition occurring in the transient regime. The dynamical nature of the transition is illustrated by phase diagrams extending in the time direction.Comment: To be published in the Proceedings of the Research Program "Small system non equilibrium fluctuations, dynamics and stochastics, and anomalous behavior", Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China, July 2013. 40 pages, 9 figure

    Lattice Boltzmann study of chemically-driven self-propelled droplets

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    We numerically study the behavior of self-propelled liquid droplets whose motion is triggered by a Marangoni-like flow. This latter is generated by variations of surfactant concentration which affect the droplet surface tension promoting its motion. In the present paper a model for droplets with a third amphiphilic component is adopted. The dynamics is described by Navier-Stokes and convection-diffusion equations, solved by lattice Boltzmann method coupled with finite-difference schemes. We focus on two cases. First the study of self-propulsion of an isolated droplet is carried on and, then, the interaction of two self-propelled droplets is investigated. In both cases, when the surfactant migrates towards the interface, a quadrupolar vortex of the velocity field forms inside the droplet and causes the motion. A weaker dipolar field emerges instead when the surfactant is mainly diluted in the bulk. The dynamics of two interacting droplets is more complex and strongly depends on their reciprocal distance. If, in a head-on collision, droplets are close enough, the velocity field initially attracts them until a motionless steady state is achieved. If the droplets are vertically shifted, the hydrodynamic field leads to an initial reciprocal attraction followed by a scattering along opposite directions. This hydrodynamic interaction acts on a separation of some droplet radii otherwise it becomes negligible and droplets motion is only driven by Marangoni effect. Finally, if one of the droplets is passive, this latter is generally advected by the fluid flow generated by the active one.Comment: 14 pages, 9 figures. In press on EPJ

    Enhancement of structural rearrangement in glassy systems under shear flow

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    We extend the analysis of the mean field schematic model recently introduced for the description of glass forming liquids to the case of a supercooled fluid subjected to a shear flow of rate γ\gamma. After quenching the system to a low temperature TT, a slow glassy regime is observed before stationarity is achieved at the characteristic time τg\tau_g. τg\tau_g is of the order of the usual equilibration time without shear τgo\tau_g^o for weak shear, γτgo1\gamma \tau_g ^o1, local rearrangement of dense regions is instead enhanced by the flow, and τg≃1/(Tγ)\tau_g \simeq 1/(T\gamma).Comment: 8 pages, 3 figures, changed content Pacs{64}{70.Pf}{Glass transitions} Pacs{05}{70.Ln}{Non-equilibrium thermodynamics, irreversible processes} Pacs{83}{50.Ax}{Steady shear flows

    Study of the performance of the NA62 Small-Angle Calorimeter at the DAΦ\PhiNE Linac

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    The measurement of BR(K+→π+ννˉ)BR(K^+\to\pi^+\nu\bar{\nu}) with 10% precision by the NA62 experiment requires extreme background suppression. The Small Angle Calorimeter aims to provide an efficient veto for photons flying at angles down to zero with respect to the kaon flight direction. The initial prototype was upgraded and tested at the Beam Test Facility of the DAΦ\PhiNE Linac at Frascati. The energy resolution and the efficiency were measured and are presented.Comment: 5 pages, 7 figure

    Full phase diagram of active Brownian disks: from melting to motility-induced phase separation

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    We establish the complete phase diagram of self-propelled hard disks in two spatial dimensions from the analysis of the equation of state and the statistics of local order parameters. The equilibrium melting scenario is maintained at small activities, with coexistence between active liquid and hexatic order, followed by a proper hexatic phase and a further transition to an active solid. As activity increases, the emergence of hexatic and solid order is shifted towards higher densities. Above a critical activity and for a certain range of packing fractions, the system undergoes MIPS and demixes into low and high density phases; the latter can be either disordered (liquid) or ordered (hexatic or solid) depending on activity

    Bistable defect structures in blue phase devices

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    Blue phases (BPs) are liquid crystals made up by networks of defects, or disclination lines. While existing phase diagrams show a striking variety of competing metastable topologies for these networks, very little is known as to how to kinetically reach a target structure, or how to switch from one to the other, which is of paramount importance for devices. We theoretically identify two confined blue phase I systems in which by applying an appropriate series of electric field it is possible to select one of two bistable defect patterns. Our results may be used to realise new generation and fast switching energy-saving bistable devices in ultrathin surface treated BPI wafers.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures. Accepted for publication in Phys. Rev. Let
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