56 research outputs found

    Creating and Breaking Habit in Healthcare Professional Behaviours to Improve Healthcare and Health

    Get PDF
    Healthcare professionals (HCPs) prescribe, provide advice, conduct examinations, perform surgical procedures, and engage in a range of clinical behaviours. Their clinical actions are characteristically performed repeatedly—sometimes multiple times per day—in the same physical locations with the same colleagues and patients, under constant time pressure, and competing demands. This repetition under pressure in a stable setting provides ideal circumstances for creating contingencies between physical and social cues and clinical actions. HCP behaviour provides an ideal setting in which to advance theory, methods, and interventions to better understand habit formation and habit reversal. Contemporary theoretical and methodological development in the psychology of habit has begun to be applied to understand and promote the formation, breaking, and replacement of habitual behaviour in HCPs. This chapter highlights key theoretical approaches, methods, and intervention techniques that have been applied to conceptualize, measure, develop, and break habit and automaticity in HCPs. These insights have the potential to synergistically contribute novel perspectives to the wider habit literature

    Scaling and Angular Distributions for 2-Body E760 Data

    No full text
    The following are the results of 2-body FNAL analyses performed on E760 1991 data. The various reaction modes (¯pp ! XY ) include ß o ß o , ß o j, ß o fl, jfl, jj, and flfl. The angular distributions and sample acceptances are shown. In addition, the cross sections in the form doe=dt are shown at cos(` ) = 0 versus center of mass energy p s and fit to a power law. Then the scaling hypothesis, doe=dt ' s \Gammam , is used to look for oscillations in the spectrum. 1 Analysis The data used for these analyses comes from FNAL E760's 1991 run. The ß o ß o and ß o fl events come from special DSTs which were made during the run for calibration purposes. The flfl events were those analyzed by Mika Mazuzawa [1] from the "2GAMDST"s and were compared to feeddown from ß o ß o and ß o fl. The jX modes were analyzed from the neutral DSTs made after the run. The two body data is part of a larger program of charmonium physics in the energy range, 2:9 ! p s ! 4:2 GeV. In ..