3,922 research outputs found

    Plasma pharmacokinetics, faecal excretion and efficacy of pyrantel pamoate paste and granule formulations following per os administration in donkeys naturally infected with intestinal strongylidae

    Get PDF
    The plasma disposition, faecal excretion and efficacy of two formulations of pyrantel pamoate in donkeys were examined in a controlled trial. Three groups of seven donkeys received either no medication (control) or pyrantel paste or granule formulations at horse dosage of 20mg/kg B.W. (equals 6.94 mg/kg PYR base) of body weight. Heparinized blood and faecal samples were collected at various times between 1 and 144 h after treatment. The samples were analysed by high-performance liquid chromatography. The last detectable plasma concentration (tmax) of paste formulation was significantly earlier (36.00 h) compared with granule formulation (46.29 h). Although, there was no significant difference on terminal half lives (t1/2: 12.39 h vs. 14.86 h), tmax (14.86 h vs. 14.00) and MRT (24.80 h vs. 25.44 h) values; the Cmax (0.09 ??g/ml) AUC (2.65 ??gh/ml) values of paste formulation were significantly lower and smaller compared with those of granule formulation (0.21 ??g/ml and 5.60 ??gh/ml), respectively. The highest dry faecal concentrations were 710.46 ??g/g and 537.21 ??g/g and were determined at 48 h for both paste and granule formulation of PYR in donkeys, respectively. Pre-treatment EPG of 1104, 1061 and 1139 were observed for the control, PYR paste and PYR granule groups, respectively. Pre-treatment EPG were not significantly different (P>0.1) between groups. Post-treatment EPG for both PYR treatment groups were significantly different (P95% efficacy) until day 28. In all studied donkeys, coprocultures performed at day-3 revealed the presence of Cyathostomes, S. vulgaris. Faecal cultures performed on different days from C-group confirmed the presence of the same genera. Coprocultures from treated animals revealed the presence of few larvae of Cyathostomes

    Novel Agents Targeting Bioactive Sphingolipids for the Treatment of Cancer

    Get PDF

    In vitro efficacy of alphacypermethrin on the buffalo louse Haematopinus tuberculatus (Burmeister, 1839).

    Get PDF
    In Italy buffalo farms adopted intensive breeding techniques, however the high density of animals in intensive breeding favours the diffusion of ectoparasites, such as louse. The aim of this study was to determine the in vitro efficacy of the insecticide alphacypermethrin (ACYP) against the buffalo louse, Haematopinus tuberculatus. The study was performed by using louse collected from animals in a commercial buffalo farm located in the Campania region of Southern Italy. Lice (adults and nymphs) were collected from highly infested buffaloes. The ACYP was diluted with physiological solution to different concentrations: 1.5%, 0.75%, 0.37%. A volume of 600 ÎĽl of the diluted sample was spread evenly over a filter paper held in the lower half of Petri dish. Ten adult lice and ten nymphs were placed on the top of each filter paper disc. The control groups were treated with physiological solution. Seven replicates were used for each concentration. The louse vitality was assessed at different time intervals: 1, 2, 4, 8, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 minutes, after every 10 min until 240 min or at the louse death. After 240 min the louse vitality was examined each 60 min until 540 min. In vitro bioassays revealed that the lousicidal efficacy of ACYP improved as the concentration and the exposure time increased. The results of this in vitro study confirm that ACYP at 1.5% concentration can also be used in buffalo for the control of lice, as already in use in cattle. Further field trials will need to be conducted to confirm the safety, the dosage and the in vivo parasitological efficacy of this drug on buffaloes

    Measurement of the t t-bar production cross section in the dilepton channel in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV

    Get PDF
    The t t-bar production cross section (sigma[t t-bar]) is measured in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV in data collected by the CMS experiment, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.3 inverse femtobarns. The measurement is performed in events with two leptons (electrons or muons) in the final state, at least two jets identified as jets originating from b quarks, and the presence of an imbalance in transverse momentum. The measured value of sigma[t t-bar] for a top-quark mass of 172.5 GeV is 161.9 +/- 2.5 (stat.) +5.1/-5.0 (syst.) +/- 3.6(lumi.) pb, consistent with the prediction of the standard model.Comment: Replaced with published version. Included journal reference and DO

    Search for the standard model Higgs boson in the H to ZZ to 2l 2nu channel in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV