3,255 research outputs found

    Use of Artificial Neural Networks for Improvement of CMS Hadron Calorimeter Resolution

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    The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment features an electromagnetic calorimeter (ECAL) composed of lead tungstate crystals and a sampling hadronic calorimeter (HCAL) made of brass and scintillator, along with other detectors. For hadrons, the response of the electromagnetic and hadronic calorimeters is inherently different. Because sampling calorimeters measure a fraction of the energy spread over several measuring towers, the energy resolution as well as the linearity are not easily preserved, especially at low energies. Several sophisticated algorithms have been developed to optimize the resolution of the CMS calorimeter system for single particles. One such algorithm, based on the artificial neural network application to the combined electromagnetic and hadronic calorimeter system, was developed and applied to test beam data using particles in the momentum range of 2-300 GeV/c. The method improves the energy measurement and linearity, especially at low energies below 10 GeV/c

    Study of immunobiological properties of avian adenovirus serotype 2-based vaccine against adenovirus infection

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    The data on studying immunogenic activity of the inactivated vaccine produced on the basis of avian adenovirus isolate FAdV-2 are demonstrated in the paper. The dynamics of antibody accumulation in chicken blood is shown. The high resistance of immunized chicks to homologous virus (FAdV-2) infection and lack of protection against heterologous virus (FAdV-4) infection are also demonstrated

    Les Houches 2015: Physics at TeV colliders - new physics working group report

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    We present the activities of the 'New Physics' working group for the 'Physics at TeV Colliders' workshop (Les Houches, France, 1-19 June, 2015). Our report includes new physics studies connected with the Higgs boson and its properties, direct search strategies, reinterpretation of the LHC results in the building of viable models and new computational tool developments. Important signatures for searches for natural new physics at the LHC and new assessments of the interplay between direct dark matter searches and the LHC are also considered.Comment: Proceedings of the New Physics Working Group of the 2015 Les Houches Workshop, Physics at TeV Colliders, Les Houches 1-19 June 2015. 197 page

    Search for the standard model Higgs boson in the H to ZZ to 2l 2nu channel in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV

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    A search for the standard model Higgs boson in the H to ZZ to 2l 2nu decay channel, where l = e or mu, in pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV is presented. The data were collected at the LHC, with the CMS detector, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 4.6 inverse femtobarns. No significant excess is observed above the background expectation, and upper limits are set on the Higgs boson production cross section. The presence of the standard model Higgs boson with a mass in the 270-440 GeV range is excluded at 95% confidence level.Comment: Submitted to JHE

    Measurement of the t t-bar production cross section in the dilepton channel in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV