1,615 research outputs found

    Interface Unbinding in Structured Wedges

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    The unbinding properties of an interface near structured wedges are investigated by discrete models with short range interactions. The calculations demonstrate that interface unbinding take place in two stages: ii) a continuous filling--like transition in the pure wedge--like parts of the structure; iiii) a conclusive discontinuous unbinding. In 2DD an exact transfer matrix approach allows to extract the whole interface phase diagram and the precise mechanism at the basis of the phenomenon. The Metropolis Monte Carlo simulations performed in 3DD reveal an analogous behavior. The emerging scenario allows to shed new light onto the problem of wetting of geometrically rough walls.Comment: 5 pages, 5 figures, to appear in Phys. Rev.

    Solid--on--Solid Model for Adsorption on Self--Affine Substrate: A Transfer Matrix Approach

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    We study a d=2d=2 discrete solid--on--solid model of complete wetting of a rough substrate with random self--affine boundary, having roughness exponent ζs\zeta_s. A suitable transfer matrix approach allows to discuss adsorption isotherms, as well as geometrical and thermal fluctuations of the interface. For ζs1/2\zeta_s\leq 1/2 the same wetting exponent ψ=1/3\psi=1/3 as for flat substrate is obtained for the dependence of the coverage, θ\theta, on the chemical potential, hh (θhψ\theta\sim h^{-\psi} for h0h\to 0). The expected existence of a zero temperature fixed point, leading to ψ=ζs/(2ζs)\psi=\zeta_s /(2-\zeta_s) for ζs>1/2\zeta_s>1/2, is verified numerically in spite of an unexpected, very slow convergence to asymptotics.Comment: Standard TeX, 13 pages. 5 PostScript figures available on request. Preprint UDPHIR 94/04/G

    First order wetting of rough substrates and quantum unbinding

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    Replica and functional renormalization group methods show that, with short range substrate forces or in strong fluctuation regimes, wetting of a self-affine rough wall in 2D turns first-order as soon as the wall roughness exponent exceeds the anisotropy index of bulk interface fluctuations. Different thresholds apply with long range forces in mean field regimes. For bond-disordered bulk, fixed point stability suggests similar results, which ultimately rely on basic properties of quantum bound states with asymptotically power-law repulsive potentials.Comment: 11 pages, 1 figur

    ERCP and splenic injury

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    Abstractendoscopic Retrograde Colangiopancreatography (eRCP) is an invasive procedure with important complications that occurs in 5%-10% of the cases. The most frequent procedure related complications are: acute pancreatitis, hemorrhage, perforation and infection. an infrequent but potentially life threatening eRCP complication is the splenic injury, with very few cases reported in the literature. We report a patient with cholecholithiasis and biliary pancreatitis who was diagnosed with a subcapsular splenic laceration a few hours after an eRCP. Clinicians should be alerted to this potential post-procedure complication associated with eRCP

    Geometry dominated fluid adsorption on sculptured substrates

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    Experimental methods allow the shape and chemical composition of solid surfaces to be controlled at a mesoscopic level. Exposing such structured substrates to a gas close to coexistence with its liquid can produce quite distinct adsorption characteristics compared to that occuring for planar systems, which may well play an important role in developing technologies such as super-repellent surfaces or micro-fluidics. Recent studies have concentrated on adsorption of liquids at rough and heterogeneous substrates and the characterisation of nanoscopic liquid films. However, the fundamental effect of geometry has hardly been addressed. Here we show that varying the shape of the substrate can exert a profound influence on the adsorption isotherms allowing us to smoothly connect wetting and capillary condensation through a number of novel and distinct examples of fluid interfacial phenomena. This opens the possibility of tailoring the adsorption properties of solid substrates by sculpturing their surface shape.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figure

    Stochastic Growth Equations and Reparametrization Invariance

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    It is shown that, by imposing reparametrization invariance, one may derive a variety of stochastic equations describing the dynamics of surface growth and identify the physical processes responsible for the various terms. This approach provides a particularly transparent way to obtain continuum growth equations for interfaces. It is straightforward to derive equations which describe the coarse grained evolution of discrete lattice models and analyze their small gradient expansion. In this way, the authors identify the basic mechanisms which lead to the most commonly used growth equations. The advantages of this formulation of growth processes is that it allows one to go beyond the frequently used no-overhang approximation. The reparametrization invariant form also displays explicitly the conservation laws for the specific process and all the symmetries with respect to space-time transformations which are usually lost in the small gradient expansion. Finally, it is observed, that the knowledge of the full equation of motion, beyond the lowest order gradient expansion, might be relevant in problems where the usual perturbative renormalization methods fail.Comment: 42 pages, Revtex, no figures. To appear in Rev. of Mod. Phy

    Measurement of the cross-section and charge asymmetry of WW bosons produced in proton-proton collisions at s=8\sqrt{s}=8 TeV with the ATLAS detector

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    This paper presents measurements of the W+μ+νW^+ \rightarrow \mu^+\nu and WμνW^- \rightarrow \mu^-\nu cross-sections and the associated charge asymmetry as a function of the absolute pseudorapidity of the decay muon. The data were collected in proton--proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the ATLAS experiment at the LHC and correspond to a total integrated luminosity of 20.2~\mbox{fb^{-1}}. The precision of the cross-section measurements varies between 0.8% to 1.5% as a function of the pseudorapidity, excluding the 1.9% uncertainty on the integrated luminosity. The charge asymmetry is measured with an uncertainty between 0.002 and 0.003. The results are compared with predictions based on next-to-next-to-leading-order calculations with various parton distribution functions and have the sensitivity to discriminate between them.Comment: 38 pages in total, author list starting page 22, 5 figures, 4 tables, submitted to EPJC. All figures including auxiliary figures are available at https://atlas.web.cern.ch/Atlas/GROUPS/PHYSICS/PAPERS/STDM-2017-13

    Search for chargino-neutralino production with mass splittings near the electroweak scale in three-lepton final states in √s=13 TeV pp collisions with the ATLAS detector