1,932 research outputs found

    Translating American Exceptionalism: Comparing Presidential Discourse About the United States at Home and Abroad

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    This study provides a comparative perspective on the ways U.S. presidents have communicated the idea of American exceptionalism for American and international audiences. I argue that U.S. presidents strategically highlight this culturally potent idea in both domestic and international speeches, but in different ways. To examine these dynamics, I content-analyzed presidential speeches delivered in domestic and foreign contexts since 1933. The study provides comparative perspectives on (a) how themes of American Exceptionalism have been used in domestic versus international speeches and (b) how U.S. presidents seek out diplomatic ways to “translate” American exceptionalism to communicate this potent national idea to foreign audiences

    Why Do (We Think) They Hate Us: Anti-Americanism, Patriotic Messages, and Attributions of Blame

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    This study explores how news coverage about anti-American sentiment interacts with U.S. adults’ sense of national identity and affects their understandings and interpretations of such negative attitudes. We build on scholarship on patriotism and social identity to conduct an experiment in which participants read one of two news stories focused on anti-American impressions. The findings suggest that news content influences both (a) how Americans interpret anti-American sentiment in general and (b) how Americans draw upon their identification with the nation in formulating attributions of blame for such sentiments and in deciding on what foreign policies to support

    A Post-American World? Assessing the Cognitive and Attitudinal Impacts of Challenges to American Exceptionalism

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    A number of voices have emerged in U.S. political discourse questioning the legitimacy of American exceptionalism, suggesting we are in a “post-American world.” Our research examines the effects that political messages that explicitly challenge American exceptionalism can have on U.S. public opinion. Drawing upon social identity theory, we find that explicit challenges to American exceptionalism significantly impact Americans’ views toward their own nation, their willingness to denigrate foreign publics, and their broader foreign policy preferences

    Self-similarities in the frequency-amplitude space of a loss-modulated CO2_2 laser

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    We show the standard two-level continuous-time model of loss-modulated CO2_2 lasers to display the same regular network of self-similar stability islands known so far to be typically present only in discrete-time models based on mappings. For class B laser models our results suggest that, more than just convenient surrogates, discrete mappings in fact could be isomorphic to continuous flows.Comment: (5 low-res color figs; for ALL figures high-res PDF: http://www.if.ufrgs.br/~jgallas/jg_papers.html

    Make no exception, save one: American exceptionalism, the American presidency, and the age of Obama

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    This paper explores the circumstances under which U.S. presidents have invoked the idea of American exceptionalism in major speeches to the nation and how the invocation of this concept has culminated during the Obama presidency. To explore these dynamics, we conducted a content analysis of all major domestic presidential addresses since the end of World War II. We find that U.S. presidents have become increasingly likely to invoke American exceptionalism, particularly after the end of the Cold War, and that in times of national crises, American exceptionalism becomes most pronounced in U.S. presidential discourse. Moreover, we demonstrate the overwhelming propensity of President Obama, relative to his predecessors, to emphasize American exceptionalism in his public communications. The reason, we argue, has to do with the double-crisis nature of his presidency—two major wars and a recession—in addition to the racial bind that he has been forced to overcome throughout his presidency. We reflect on the implications of these findings for politicians, in particular racial and other minorities, as well as the broader American public

    EAT 1

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    1. William Slaughter - Like Atlantis 00:27 2. Tim Gilmore - A Saying of Graces 02:57 3. Clark Lunberry & Jason Arnold - Reconsider Now 04:02 4. Keith Cartwright with Jesse Cartwright - Bloomdido 02:08 5. Mark Ari as Cyrano Moon - Under the Influence: Part 1 04:12 6. Clark Lunberry & Jason Arnold - As If / To Drift 03:11 7. William Slaughter - What I Learned Living in an Olive Grove 00:16 8. Mark Ari as Cyrano Moon with Blind Willie Sixpence - I’ll Be Glad When You’re Gone 02:12 9. Clark Lunberry & Jason Arnold - Eavesdropping Across America 05:32 10. Thelma Young - Ria 11:28 11. Christopher Sylvester - Morning Trawl 03:4312. April Fisher - Mine 02:44 13. Tim Gilmore - Leaving Word 07:03 14. K. Hassall - Sabbatical Report: A Compulsory Study in Violence(bonus) 28:06https://digitalcommons.unf.edu/eat/1000/thumbnail.jp

    A Pilot Study Investigating the Influence of Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms on Gastric Emptying Rate in Caucasian Men

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    Gastric emptying rate in humans is subject to large individual variability, but previous research on the influence of genetics is scarce. Variation in the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP1R) gene is a plausible candidate gene to partially explain the high variance. This study aimed to investigate the influence of genetic variation in the GLP1R gene on gastric emptying rate of a glucose solution in humans. Forty eight healthy Caucasian males took part in this investigation. Gastric emptying rate of a 6% glucose solution was assessed using the 13C breath test method and a venous blood sample was obtained from each participant. Participants were genotyped for 27 Tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the GLP1R locus using Sequenom MassARRAY iPLEX GOLD analysis and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. The time at which maximal emptying rate occurred (Tlag) was faster in participants with the CC genotype than in TT and TC genotypes for SNP rs742764: [median (quartiles) CC, 35 (30–36) min vs. TT, 43 (39–46) min, and TC, 41 (39–45) min; P < 0.01]. Tlag was also slower in participants with the AA genotype compared to the TT and TA genotypes for SNP rs2254336: [AA, 43 (39–49) min vs. TT, 36 (34–41) min, and TA, 39 (35–42) min; P < 0.05]. Analysis by phenotype also showed differences in half-emptying time (T12) and Tlag for SNPs rs9283907, rs2268657, and rs2254336. Several neighboring Tag SNPs within the GLP1R gene were found to be associated with gastric emptying rate, and should be further investigated