208 research outputs found

    Tailed radio galaxies as tracers of galaxy clusters. Serendipitous discoveries with the GMRT

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    We report on the discovery of four new radio galaxies with tailed morphology. Tailed radio galaxies are generally found in rich environments, therefore their presence can be used as tracer of a cluster. The radio galaxies were found in the fields of Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) observations carried out at 610 MHz and 327 MHz devoted to other studies. We inspected the literature and archives in the optical and X-ray bands to search for galaxy clusters or groups hosting them. All the tailed radio galaxies serendipitously found in the GMRT fields are located in rich environments. Two of them belong to the candidate cluster NCS J090232+204358, located at z(phot)=0.0746; one belongs to the cluster MaxBCGJ223.97317+22.15620 at z(phot)=0.2619; finally we suggest that the fourth one is probing a galaxy cluster at z=0.1177, located behind A262, and so far undetected in any band. Our results strenghten the relevance of high sensitivity and high resolution radio data in the detection of galaxy clusters at intermediate redshift.Comment: 8 pages, accepted for publication on Astronomy & Astrophysic

    A giant radio halo in the massive and merging cluster Abell 1351

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    We report on the detection of diffuse radio emission in the X-ray luminous and massive galaxy cluster A1351 (z=0.322) using archival Very Large Array data at 1.4 GHz. Given its central location, morphology, and Mpc-scale extent, we classify the diffuse source as a giant radio halo. X-ray and weak lensing studies show A1351 to be a system undergoing a major merger. The halo is associated with the most massive substructure. The presence of this source is explained assuming that merger-driven turbulence may re-accelerate high-energy particles in the intracluster medium and generate diffuse radio emission on the cluster scale. The position of A1351 in the logP1.4GHz_{1.4 GHz} - logLX_{X} plane is consistent with that of all other radio-halo clusters known to date, supporting a causal connection between the unrelaxed dynamical state of massive (>1015M⊙>10^{15} M_{\odot}) clusters and the presence of giant radio halos.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures, proof corrections include

    Heating the hot atmospheres of galaxy groups and clusters with cavities: the relationship between jet power and low-frequency radio emission

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    We present scaling relations between jet power and radio power measured using the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT), Chandra and XMM-Newton, for a sample of 9 galaxy groups combined with the Birzan et al. sample of clusters. Cavity power is used as a proxy for mechanical jet power. Radio power is measured at 235 MHz and 1.4 GHz, and the integrated 10 MHz-10 GHz radio luminosity is estimated from the GMRT 610-235 MHz spectral index. The use of consistently analysed, high resolution low-frequency radio data from a single observatory makes the radio powers for the groups more reliable than those used by previous studies, and the combined sample covers 6-7 decades in radio power and 5 decades in cavity power. We find a relation of the form Pjet proportional to Lradio^~0.7 for integrated radio luminosity, with a total scatter of sigma_Lrad=0.63 and an intrinsic scatter of sigma_i,Lrad=0.59. A similar relation is found for 235 MHz power, but a slightly flatter relation with greater scatter is found for 1.4 GHz power, suggesting that low-frequency or broad band radio measurements are superior jet power indicators. We find our low-frequency relations to be in good agreement with previous observational results. Comparison with jet models shows reasonable agreement, which may be improved if radio sources have a significant low-energy electron population. We consider possible factors which could bias our results or render them more uncertain, and find that correcting for such factors in those groups we are able to study in detail leads to a flattening of the Pjet:Lradio relation.Comment: Accepted for publication in ApJ, 7 pages, 3 figure

    The cluster relic source in A521

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    We present high sensitivity radio observations of the merging cluster A521, at a mean redsfhit z=0.247. The observations were carried out with the GMRT at 610 MHz and cover a region of ∌\sim1 square degree, with a sensitivity limit of 1σ1\sigma = 35 ÎŒ\muJy b−1^{-1}. The most relevant result of these observations is the presence of a radio relic at the cluster periphery, at the edge of a region where group infalling into the main cluster is taking place. Thanks to the wealth of information available in the literature in the optical and X-ray bands, a multi--band study of the relic and its surroundings was performed. Our analysis is suggestive of a connection between this source and the complex ongoing merger in the A521 region. The relic might be ``revived' fossil radio plasma through adiabatic compression of the magnetic field or shock re--acceleration due to the merger events. We also briefly discussed the possibility that this source is the result of induced ram pressure stripping of radio lobes associated with the nearby cluster radio galaxy J0454--1016a. Allowing for the large uncertainties due to the small statistics, the number of radio emitting early--type galaxies found in A521 is consistent with the expectations from the standard radio luminosity function for local (z≀\le0.09) cluster ellipticals.Comment: 30 pages 8 figures, 5 tables, accepted by New Astronom

    High sensitivity low frequency radio observations of cD galaxies

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    We present the GMRT 235 MHz images of three radio galaxies and 610 MHz images of two sources belonging to a complete sample of cD galaxies in rich and poor galaxy clusters. The analysis of the spectral properties confirms the presence of aged radio emission in two of the presented sources.Comment: 3 pages, 2 figures, To appear in the Proceedings of "Heating vs. Cooling in Galaxies and Clusters of Galaxies", August 2006, Garching (Germany

    GMRT Radio Halo Survey in galaxy clusters at z = 0.2 -- 0.4. II.The eBCS clusters and analysis of the complete sample

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    We present the results of the GMRT cluster radio halo survey. The main purposes of our observational project are to measure which fraction of massive galaxy clusters in the redshift range z=0.2--0.4 hosts a radio halo, and to constrain the expectations of the particle re--acceleration model for the origin of the non--thermal radio emission. We selected a complete sample of 50 clusters in the X-ray band from the REFLEX (27) and the eBCS (23) catalogues. In this paper we present Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) observations at 610 MHz for all clusters still lacking high sensitivity radio information, i.e. 16 eBCS and 7 REFLEX clusters, thus completing the radio information for the whole sample. The typical sensitivity in our images is in the range 1σ∌35−100ÎŒ\sigma \sim 35-100 \muJy b−1^{-1}. We found a radio halo in A697, a diffuse peripheral source of unclear nature in A781, a core--halo source in Z7160, a candidate radio halo in A1682 and ``suspect'' central emission in Z2661. Including the literature information, a total of 10 clusters in the sample host a radio halo. A very important result of our work is that 25 out of the 34 clusters observed with the GMRT do not host extended central emission at the sensitivity level of our observations, and for 20 of them firm upper limits to the radio power of a giant radio halo were derived. The GMRT Radio Halo Survey shows that radio halos are not common, and our findings on the fraction of giant radio halos in massive clusters are consistent with the statistical expectations based on the re--acceleration model. Our results favour primary to secondary electron models.Comment: A&A in press, 17 pages, 12 figures, 4 tables Version with high quality figures available on web at http://www.ira.inaf.it/~tventuri/pap/Venturi_web.pd

    Radio halos in merging clusters of galaxies

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    We present the preliminary results of 235 MHz, 327 MHz and 610 MHz observations of the galaxy cluster A3562 in the core of the Shapley Concentration. The purpose of these observations, carried out with the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT, Pune, India) was to study the radio halo located at the centre of A3562 and determine the shape of its radio spectrum at low frequencies, in order to understand the origin of this source. In the framework of the re--acceleration model, the preliminary analysis of the halo spectrum suggests that we are observing a young source (few 10810^8 yrs) at the beginning of the re--acceleration phase.Comment: 3 pages, 2 figures. Proceedings of IAU Colloquium 195 - Outskirts of Galaxy Clusters: intense life in the suburb

    Radio emission at the centre of the galaxy cluster Abell 3560: evidence for core sloshing?

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    Previous radio observations of the galaxy cluster A3560 in the Shapley Concentration showed complex radio emission associated with the brightest cluster member.To understand its origin we observed it with the GMRT, the VLA and ATCA at 240 and 610 MHz, 1.28,1.4, 2.3,4.8 and 8.4 GHz, and performed a detailed morphological and spectral study of the radio emission associated with the BCG. We also observed the cluster with XMM-Newton and Chandra to derive the properties of the ICM. The radio emission of the N-E nucleus of the dumb-bell BCG shows an active radio galaxy, plus aged diffuse emission, which is not refurbished at present. Our Chandra data show that the radio active nucleus of the BCG has extended X-ray emission, which we classify as a low-luminosity corona. A residual image of the XMM-Newton brightness shows the presence of a spiral-like feature, which we interpret as the signature of gas sloshing. The presence of a subgroup is clear in the surface brightness residual map, and in the XMM-Newton temperature analysis. The optical 2D analysis shows substructure in A3560. A galaxy clump was found at the location of the X-ray subgroup, and another group is present south of the cluster core, close to the spiral-like feature. The aged part of the radio emission closely follows the spiral pattern of the X-ray residual brightness distribution, while the two active radio lobes are bent in a completely different direction. We conclude that the complex radio emission associated with the cluster BCG is the result of a minor merger event in A3560. The aged diffuse emission is strongly affected by the sloshing motion in the ICM. On the other hand, the bent jets and lobes of the current radio AGN activity may reflect a complex gas velocity field in the innermost cluster regions and/or sloshing-induced oscillations in the motion of the cD galaxy.Comment: 15 pages, 8 figures, 5 tables, A&A in pres

    Testing the radio halo-cluster merger scenario. The case of RXCJ2003.5-2323

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    We present a combined radio, X-ray and optical study of the galaxy cluster RXCJ2003.5-2323. The cluster hosts one of the largest, most powerful and distant giant radio halos known to date, suggesting that it may be undergoing a strong merger process. The aim of our multiwavelength study is to investigate the radio-halo cluster merger scenario. We studied the radio properties of the giant radio halo in RXCJ2003.5-2323 by means of new radio data obtained at 1.4 GHz with the Very Large Array, and at 240 MHz with the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope, in combination with previously published GMRT data at 610 MHz. The dynamical state of the cluster was investigated by means of X-ray Chandra observations and optical ESO--NTT observations. Our study confirms that RXCJ2003.5-2323 is an unrelaxed cluster. The unusual filamentary and clumpy morphology of the radio halo could be due to a combination of the filamentary structure of the magnetic field and turbulence in the inital stage of a cluster merger.Comment: 10 page, 10 figures, accepted for publication on A&