3,824 research outputs found

    The ATLAS upgrade program

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    After the first successful LHC run in 2010-2012, plans are actively advancing for a series of upgrades leading eventually to about above times the design-luminosity in about ten years. The larger luminosity will allow to perform precise measurements of the just discovered Higgs boson and to continue searching for new physics beyond the Standard Model. Coping with the high instantaneous and integrated luminosity will be a great challenge for the ATLAS detector and will require changes in most of the subsystems, specially those at low radii and large pseudorapidity, as well as in its trigger architecture. Plans to consolidate and, whenever possible, to improve the physics performance of the current detector over the next decade are summarized in this paper.Comment: 8 pages, proceedings for LHCP201

    Status of the ATLAS detector and its readiness for early BSM Physics

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    The general status of the ATLAS experiment at the LHC is reviewed. Particular emphasis is given to the results from the in situ commissioning of the detector using calibration and cosmics data taking. The commissioning period has prepared ATLAS for the first beam injection in September 2008. Some results from the beam experience will be described. Finally, given the present knowledge of the detector performance, the readiness of the detector for early studies of Physics beyond the Standard Model will be discussed

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    Sporadic flat ileal adenocarcinoma: an intriguing challenge in the comprehension of a rare neoplasia and its genesis. Case report and review of literature

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    Small bowel adenocarcinoma is a rare tumor, with a still not well studied tumorigenesis process, usually presenting in an advanced stage. The clinical diagnosis is often difficult; surgery is the treatment of choice when feasible, while the chemotherapic approach is still not well codified. We describe the case of a 71-yr-old male patient, presenting with an acute right abdomen. At laparotomy the terminal ileum appeared chronically inflamed and thickened. An ileocecal resection with laterolateral ileocolic anastomosis was performed. The gross appearance resembled an inflammatory bowel disease, but microscopic examination revealed the extensive presence of an infiltrating ileal adenocarcinoma. Literature about small bowel adenocarcinoma has been reviewed for better understanding its pathogenesis

    Superconducting cavity transducer for resonant gravitational radiation antennas

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    Parametric transducers, such as superconducting rf cavities, can boost the bandwidth and sensitivity of the next generation resonant antennas, thanks to a readily available technology. We have developed a fully coupled dynamic model of the system "antenna--transducer" and worked out some estimates of signal--to--noise ratio and the stability conditions in various experimental configurations. We also show the design and the prototype of a rf cavity which, together with a suitable read--out electronic, will be used as a test bench for the parametric transducer.Comment: 7 pages, 3 eps figures. Presented at the 6th Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Waves (2005). Accepted for publication in Journal of Physics: Conference Serie

    Test with high-energy and high-intensity proton beam on ATLAS silicon detectors towards HL-LHC

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    The ATLAS silicon tracker was designed to sustain a high level of dose integrated over several years of LHC operations. The radiation tolerance should nevertheless guarantee the survival of the detector in the case of accidental beam loss. In 2006, an experiment performed on an ATLAS Pixel module established that they are able to sustain beam losses in the order of 1.5 Ă— 1010 protons/cm2 with a minimal or no performance degradation. Recently, a new experiment was performed with a higher-intensity and -energy proton beam on two IBL Pixel modules and one ITk strip in the HiRadMat area at CERN. Preliminary results are presented along with perspectives of 2018 test beams

    New Eco-gas mixtures for the Extreme Energy Events MRPCs: results and plans

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    The Extreme Energy Events observatory is an extended muon telescope array, covering more than 10 degrees both in latitude and longitude. Its 59 muon telescopes are equipped with tracking detectors based on Multigap Resistive Plate Chamber technology with time resolution of the order of a few hundred picoseconds. The recent restrictions on greenhouse gases demand studies for new gas mixtures in compliance with the relative requirements. Tetrafluoropropene is one of the candidates for tetrafluoroethane substitution, since it is characterized by a Global Warming Power around 300 times lower than the gas mixtures used up to now. Several mixtures have been tested, measuring efficiency curves, charge distributions, streamer fractions and time resolutions. Results are presented for the whole set of mixtures and operating conditions, %. A set of tests on a real EEE telescope, with cosmic muons, are being performed at the CERN-01 EEE telescope. The tests are focusing on identifying a mixture with good performance at the low rates typical of an EEE telescope.Comment: 8 pages, 6 figures, proceedings for the "XIV Workshop on Resistive Plate Chambers and Related Detectors" (19-23 February 2018), Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco State, Mexic

    A simulation tool for MRPC telescopes of the EEE project

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    The Extreme Energy Events (EEE) Project is mainly devoted to the study of the secondary cosmic ray radiation by using muon tracker telescopes made of three Multigap Resistive Plate Chambers (MRPC) each. The experiment consists of a telescope network mainly distributed across Italy, hosted in different building structures pertaining to high schools, universities and research centers. Therefore, the possibility to take into account the effects of these structures on collected data is important for the large physics programme of the project. A simulation tool, based on GEANT4 and using GEMC framework, has been implemented to take into account the muon interaction with EEE telescopes and to estimate the effects on data of the structures surrounding the experimental apparata.A dedicated event generator producing realistic muon distributions, detailed geometry and microscopic behavior of MRPCs have been included to produce experimental-like data. The comparison between simulated and experimental data, and the estimation of detector resolutions is here presented and discussed

    The Extreme Energy Events HECR array: status and perspectives

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    The Extreme Energy Events Project is a synchronous sparse array of 52 tracking detectors for studying High Energy Cosmic Rays (HECR) and Cosmic Rays-related phenomena. The observatory is also meant to address Long Distance Correlation (LDC) phenomena: the network is deployed over a broad area covering 10 degrees in latitude and 11 in longitude. An overview of a set of preliminary results is given, extending from the study of local muon flux dependance on solar activity to the investigation of the upward-going component of muon flux traversing the EEE stations; from the search for anisotropies at the sub-TeV scale to the hints for observations of km-scale Extensive Air Shower (EAS).Comment: XXV ECRS 2016 Proceedings - eConf C16-09-04.
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