798 research outputs found

    Distinguishing technicolor models via tt-bar productions at polarized photon colliders

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    We study top quark pair productions at a polarized photon collider from an e(+)e(-) linear collider (LC) in various improved technicolor model, namely, the one-family walking technicolor model, the top-color-assisted technicolor model, and the top-color-assisted multiscale technicolor model. Recent constraint on the top-pion mass from the precision data of R(b) is considered. It is shown that, considering only the statistical errors, a polarized photon collider from a 500 GeV LC with an integrated luminosity of 500 inverse fb is sufficient for distinguishing the three improved technicolor models experimentally.Comment: 7 pages, 6 figures, to appear in Physical Review

    A scheme to fix multiple solutions in amplitude analyses

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    Decays of unstable heavy particles usually involve the coherent sum of several amplitudes, like in a multiple slit experiment. Dedicated amplitude analysis techniques have been widely used to resolve these amplitudes for better understanding of the underlying dynamics. For special cases, where two spin-1/2 particles and two (pseudo-)scalar particles are present in the process, multiple equivalent solutions are found due to intrinsic symmetries in the summed probability density function. In this paper, the problem of multiple solutions is discussed and a scheme to overcome this problem is proposed by fixing some free parameters. Toys are generated to validate the strategy. A new approach to align helicities of initial- and final-state particles in different decay chains is also introduced.Comment: 17 pages, 2 figure

    Multiple kernel active learning for image classification

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    Recently, multiple kernel learning (MKL) methods have shown promising performance in image classification. As a sort of supervised learning, training MKL-based classifiers relies on selecting and annotating extensive dataset. In general, we have to manually label large amount of samples to achieve desirable MKL-based classifiers. Moreover, MKL also suffers a great computational cost on kernel computation and parameter optimization. In this paper, we propose a local adaptive active learning (LA-AL) method to reduce the labeling and computational cost by selecting the most informative training samples. LA-AL adopts a top-down (or global-local) strategy for locating and searching informative samples. Uncertain samples are first clustered into groups, and then informative samples are consequently selected via inter-group and intra-group competitions. Experiments over COREL-5K show that the proposed LA-AL method can significantly reduce the demand of sample labeling and have achieved the state-of-the-art performance. ?2009 IEEE.EI

    Physics Case for the International Linear Collider

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    We summarize the physics case for the International Linear Collider (ILC). We review the key motivations for the ILC presented in the literature, updating the projected measurement uncertainties for the ILC experiments in accord with the expected schedule of operation of the accelerator and the results of the most recent simulation studies.Comment: 37 pages, 12 figures, 2 tables; v2 - updates of reference

    Implications of the 750 GeV gamma-gamma Resonance as a Case Study for the International Linear Collider

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    If the gamma-gamma resonance at 750 GeV suggested by 2015 LHC data turns out to be a real effect, what are the implications for the physics case and upgrade path of the International Linear Collider? Whether or not the resonance is confirmed, this question provides an interesting case study testing the robustness of the ILC physics case. In this note, we address this question with two points: (1) Almost all models proposed for the new 750 GeV particle require additional new particles with electroweak couplings. The key elements of the 500 GeV ILC physics program---precision measurements of the Higgs boson, the top quark, and 4-fermion interactions---will powerfully discriminate among these models. This information will be important in conjunction with new LHC data, or alone, if the new particles accompanying the 750 GeV resonance are beyond the mass reach of the LHC. (2) Over a longer term, the energy upgrade of the ILC to 1 TeV already discussed in the ILC TDR will enable experiments in gamma-gamma and e+e- collisions to directly produce and study the 750 GeV particle from these unique initial states.Comment: 39 pages, 5 figures, 5 tables; v2: some references adde