1,398 research outputs found

    The Defence and Evacuation of the Kuban Bridgehead, January – October 1943

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    This thesis examines German and Soviet operations in the Kuban area of southern Russia during January – October 1943. As the bulk of German Army Group A withdrew from the Caucasus in early 1943 to avoid encirclement following the Soviet counter-offensive at Stalingrad, Seventeenth Army was ordered to hold a bridgehead on the Kuban Peninsula as a jumping-off point for a future resumption of the German offensive into the Caucasus. In early February, the Soviets attempted to eliminate the German bridgehead through a combined amphibious and ground operation. The ground operation did not achieve any significant gain, and the main amphibious landing operation was a catastrophic failure, but a secondary landing succeeded in gaining a foothold in the southern suburbs of the port city of Novorossiysk that was quickly expanded and became known as Malaya Zemlya (The Small Land). Early April saw the launch of Operation Neptune, a German effort to eliminate the Malaya Zemlya beachhead. This failed utterly due to the weakness of the German assault groups and the tenacious Soviet defence. The Soviets then launched a series of attempts through the spring and summer to break the German line, with minimal success. The final phase of operations in the Kuban was the withdrawal of Seventeenth Army by sea and air across the Kerch Strait to the Crimea. Almost a quarter of a million men and the bulk of their equipment were successfully evacuated, with very light losses. The thesis examines some factors that contributed to the success or failure of these operations and also considers why a region that was of key strategic interest in both German and Soviet planning in the first period of the war quickly diminished in importance and has been largely neglected in the published history of the war

    Frontiers in Genomic Assay Technologies: The Grand Challenges in Enabling Data-Intensive Biological Research

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    We live in astonishing times, not least when we consider the recent rate of progress in science. We are experiencing a revolution, underpinned and empowered by Moore’

    A study of the regeneration of olfactory neuron populations in Rana pipiens

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    Soft Law as Foreign Relations Law

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    The United States increasingly relies on “soft law” and, in particular, on cooperation with foreign regulators to make domestic policy. The implementation of soft law at home is typically understood to depend on administrative law, as it is American agencies that implement the deals they conclude with their foreign counterparts. But that understanding has led courts and scholars to raise questions about whether soft law made abroad can possibly meet the doctrinal requirements of the domestic discipline. This Article proposes a new doctrinal understanding of soft law implementation. It argues that, properly understood, soft law implementation lies at the intersection of foreign relations law and administrative law. In light of the strong powers accorded to the executive under foreign relations law, this new understanding will strengthen the legitimacy and legality of soft law implementation and make it less subject to judicial challenge. Understanding that soft law is foreign relations law will further the domestic implementation of informal international agreements in areas as different as conflict diamonds, international financial regulation, and climate change

    Soft Law as Foreign Relations Law

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    Some physics issues facing the open cycle Gas Core Nuclear Rocket

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    Peer Reviewedhttp://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/76323/1/AIAA-1991-3650-874.pd

    Gas core fission and inertial fusion propulsion systems - A preliminary assessment

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    Peer Reviewedhttp://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/76205/1/AIAA-1991-1833-546.pd

    Mars missions with the MICF fusion propulsion system

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    Peer Reviewedhttp://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/76184/1/AIAA-1988-2926-630.pd

    A laser driven fusion plasma for space propulsion

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    Peer Reviewedhttp://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/76316/1/AIAA-1992-3023-320.pd
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