1,878 research outputs found

    Experimental investigation on confinement of columns with TRC: a comparison between basalt and carbon textile fabrics

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    The use of Textile Reinforced Concrete (TRC) is a promising solution in the confinement of RC columns. Based on an experimental campaign on 15 short cylindrical RC columns, this work aims to get a better understanding about the performance of basalt textile in the confinement of short RC columns by comparing basalt and carbon TRC. Furthermore, the impact of mixing short steel fibers in the TRC concrete matrix (F/TRC) is investigated. The test results show that columns confined with basalt textile and carbon textile are, in terms of strength and, to some extent, post-elastic behaviour, comparable. Basalt textile seems to be a valid alternative to carbon, without significant loss of performance, and it provides less environmental impact. Columns reinforced with F/TRC show that adding 2.5 Vol.-% of short steel fibers has a beneficial effect in the confinement

    Bond-slip behavior between stainless steel rebars and concrete

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    Maintenance of reinforced concrete structures is a prevailing topic, especially with regard to lifeline structures and bridges, many of which are now designed with a service life beyond 100 years. Reinforcement made of ordinary (carbon) steel may corrode in aggressive environments. Stainless steel, being much more resistant to corrosion, is a valid solution to facilitate the protection of the works, increasing the service life and reducing the need for repair and maintenance. Despite the potential for stainless steel to reduce maintenance costs, studies investigating the influence of stainless steel on the behavior of reinforced concrete structures are limited. This study investigated the bond behavior of stainless steel rebars by means of experimental tests on reinforced concrete specimens with different concrete cover thicknesses, concrete strengths, and bar diameters. In each case, identical specimens with carbon steel reinforcement were tested for comparison. The failure modes of the specimens were examined, and a bond stress-slip relationship for stainless steel bars was established. This research shows that the bond behavior of stainless steel rebars is comparable to that of carbon steel bars

    Quarkonium production in ultra-relativistic nuclear collisions: suppression vs. enhancement

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    After a brief review of the various scenarios for quarkonium production in ultra-relativistic nucleus-nucleus collisions we focus on the ingredients and assumptions underlying the statistical hadronization model. We then confront model predictions for J/Ōą\psi phase space distributions with the most recent data from the RHIC accelerator. Analysis of the rapidity dependence of the J/Ōą\psi nuclear modification factor yields first evidence for the production of J/Ōą\psi mesons at the phase boundary. We conclude with predictions for charmonium production at the LHC.Comment: 8 pages, 6 figures, invited paper, Quark Matter 2006 conference, Shanghai, submitted to J. Phys.

    Semi-empirical model for shear strength of RC interior beam-column joints subjected to cyclic loads

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    This paper proposes an extension to RC interior beam-column joints of a model for the shear strength prediction of exterior joints under seismic actions, already presented in the literature and based, for certain assumptions, on a previous work of Park and Mosalam. The necessary changes, due to the joints\u2019 different physical configurations, only one beam converging in exterior joints and two beams converging in interior ones, are introduced. In the proposed model, on the basis of mechanical considerations, a direct formula for interior joint shear strength accounting for the resisting contributions of three inclined concrete struts and of joint reinforcements, the column horizontal stirrups and intermediate vertical bars, is derived. In comparison to the model for exterior joints, three struts are considered instead of two and the influenced of the upper column axial load on the inclination of the concrete struts is taken into account. The coefficients of the contributions of the struts and reinforcements are calibrated using 69 test data sets available in the literature, selecting only cyclic tests showing joint shear failure. For the validation of the proposed model, the shear strength predictions obtained using the proposed expression are compared with those obtained from Kassem\u2019s model, Wang et al.\u2019s formula and Kim and LaFave\u2019s formula, on a set of 28 specimens. It is also proposed a design formula, whose predictions are compared to those of Eurocode 8 and ACI Code

    Total Absorption Dual Readout Calorimetry R&D

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    Abstract This calorimetry R&D focuses on establishing a proof of concept for totally active hadron calorimetry. The research program involves evaluating the performance of the different crystal and glass samples in combination with different light collection and readout alternatives to optimize simultaneous collection of Cerenkov and scintillation light components for application of the Dual Readout technique to total absorption calorimetry. We performed initial studies in two short test beam phases in April and November 2010 at Fermilab. Here we present first measurements from these two beam tests

    Behavior and Strengthening of RC Beam-Column Joints: Experimental Program and First Results of the Research Activity in the Framework of DPC-ReLUIS Project (Research Line 2)

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    The 2005-2008 DPC-Reluis Project, funded by the Italian Department of Civil Protection (DPC), is made up of ten Research Lines (RL). RL 2 specifically focuses on the seismic performance of existing RC buildings and is, in turn, organised in nine different Tasks. In the paper, the design of the research activities being carried out within the Task 7 by the four involved Research Units (RU UNIBAS, RU UNIUD, RU UNISA, and RU UNINA) and some first results are reported. Main objective of Task 7 is to investigate on the experimental behaviour of beam-column joints without or with strengthening, thus providing a contribution to a more reliable evaluation of the seismic vulnerability of Reinforced Concrete existing buildings. To this purpose the main activities carried out have been devoted to design and set up of wide experimental programs on beam-column joints relevant to typical existing RC buildings having different Earthquake Resistant Design (ERD) level, to make a literature review of the state of the art on the subject, to perform numerical simulations based on some analytical models available in literature in order to fully understand the mechanical behaviour. Further, some results of the tests already carried out are reported, analysed and compared in order to understand the failure mechanism and evaluate the seismic performance of joints with and without ERD

    Test of candidate light distributors for the muon (g‚ąí-2) laser calibration system

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    The new muon (g-2) experiment E989 at Fermilab will be equipped with a laser calibration system for all the 1296 channels of the calorimeters. An integrating sphere and an alternative system based on an engineered diffuser have been considered as possible light distributors for the experiment. We present here a detailed comparison of the two based on temporal response, spatial uniformity, transmittance and time stability.Comment: accepted to Nucl.Instrum.Meth.

    A New Scintillator Tile/Fiber Preshower Detector for the CDF Central Calorimeter

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    A detector designed to measure early particle showers has been installed in front of the central CDF calorimeter at the Tevatron. This new preshower detector is based on scintillator tiles coupled to wavelength-shifting fibers read out by multi-anode photomultipliers and has a total of 3,072 readout channels. The replacement of the old gas detector was required due to an expected increase in instantaneous luminosity of the Tevatron collider in the next few years. Calorimeter coverage, jet energy resolution, and electron and photon identification are among the expected improvements. The final detector design, together with the R&D studies that led to the choice of scintillator and fiber, mechanical assembly, and quality control are presented. The detector was installed in the fall 2004 Tevatron shutdown and started collecting colliding beam data by the end of the same year. First measurements indicate a light yield of 12 photoelectrons/MIP, a more than two-fold increase over the design goals.Comment: 5 pages, 10 figures (changes are minor; this is the final version published in IEEE-Trans.Nucl.Sci.

    Design and construction of new central and forward muon counters for CDF II

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    New scintillation counters have been designed and constructed for the CDF upgrade in order to complete the muon coverage of the central CDF detector, and to extend this coverage to larger pseudorapidity. A novel light collection technique using wavelength shifting fibers, together with high quality polystyrene-based scintillator resulted in compact counters with good and stable light collection efficiency over lengths extending up to 320 cm. Their design and construction is described and results of their initial performance are reported.Comment: 20 pages, 15 figure
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