7,327 research outputs found

### The CMS Discovery Potential of Supersymmetry within mSugra with two same sign muons

A detailed study of the same-sign muon signature within the mSUGRA model was performed. Selection criteria based on the missing transverse energy in the events and the jet and muon transverse momenta are applied to select the data sample. An excess of SUSY events over the standard model background processes can be statistically significant for many benchmark points for an integrated luminosity of less than 10 fb/sup -1detailed detector simulation, trigger emulation and reconstruction were performed

### Constraint Likelihood analysis for a network of gravitational wave detectors

We propose a coherent method for the detection and reconstruction of
gravitational wave signals for a network of interferometric detectors. The
method is derived using the likelihood functional for unknown signal waveforms.
In the standard approach, the global maximum of the likelihood over the space
of waveforms is used as the detection statistic. We identify a problem with
this approach. In the case of an aligned pair of detectors, the detection
statistic depends on the cross-correlation between the detectors as expected,
but this dependence dissappears even for infinitesimally small misalignments.
We solve the problem by applying constraints on thelikelihood functional and
obtain a new class of statistics. The resulting method can be applied to the
data from a network consisting of any number of detectors with arbitrary
detector orientations. The method allows us reconstruction of the source
coordinates and the waveforms of two polarization components of a gravitational
wave. We study the performance of the method with numerical simulation and find
the reconstruction of the source coordinates to be more accurate than in the
standard approach.Comment: 13 pages, 6 figure

### Performance of the WaveBurst algorithm on LIGO data

In this paper we describe the performance of the WaveBurst algorithm which
was designed for detection of gravitational wave bursts in interferometric
data. The performance of the algorithm was evaluated on the test data set
collected during the second LIGO Scientific run. We have measured the false
alarm rate of the algorithm as a function of the threshold and estimated its
detection efficiency for simulated burst waveforms.Comment: proceedings of GWDAW, 2003 conference, 13 pages, 6 figure

### A burst search for gravitational waves from binary black holes

Compact binary coalescence (CBC) is one of the most promising sources of
gravitational waves. These sources are usually searched for with matched
filters which require accurate calculation of the GW waveforms and generation
of large template banks. We present a complementary search technique based on
algorithms used in un-modeled searches. Initially designed for detection of
un-modeled bursts, which can span a very large set of waveform morphologies,
the search algorithm presented here is constrained for targeted detection of
the smaller subset of CBC signals. The constraint is based on the assumption of
elliptical polarisation for signals received at the detector. We expect that
the algorithm is sensitive to CBC signals in a wide range of masses, mass
ratios, and spin parameters. In preparation for the analysis of data from the
fifth LIGO-Virgo science run (S5), we performed preliminary studies of the
algorithm on test data. We present the sensitivity of the search to different
types of simulated CBC waveforms. Also, we discuss how to extend the results of
the test run into a search over all of the current LIGO-Virgo data set.Comment: 12 pages, 4 figures, 2 tables, submitted for publication in CQG in
the special issue for the conference proceedings of GWDAW13; corrected some
typos, addressed some minor reviewer comments one section restructured and
references updated and correcte

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### Measurements of copper-printed mylar bonded to G10 panels

Measurements were made of the position of Cu strip patterns on 100 micro thick mylar sheets bonded to G10, in order to study printing of precision cathode strip patterns on thin mylar and then bonding themylar to G10 sheets. Purpose is to explore cheaper, simpler methods for fabricating precision cathodes for cathode strip chambers for the GEM Detector muon system and other high energy physics detector systems at RHIC and CERN

### Variability of signal to noise ratio and the network analysis of gravitational wave burst signals

The detection and estimation of gravitational wave burst signals, with {\em a
priori} unknown polarization waveforms, requires the use of data from a network
of detectors. For determining how the data from such a network should be
combined, approaches based on the maximum likelihood principle have proven to
be useful. The most straightforward among these uses the global maximum of the
likelihood over the space of all waveforms as both the detection statistic and
signal estimator. However, in the case of burst signals, a physically
counterintuitive situation results: for two aligned detectors the statistic
includes the cross-correlation of the detector outputs, as expected, but this
term disappears even for an infinitesimal misalignment. This {\em two detector
paradox} arises from the inclusion of improbable waveforms in the solution
space of maximization. Such waveforms produce widely different responses in
detectors that are closely aligned. We show that by penalizing waveforms that
exhibit large signal-to-noise ratio (snr) variability, as the corresponding
source is moved on the sky, a physically motivated restriction is obtained that
(i) resolves the two detector paradox and (ii) leads to a better performing
statistic than the global maximum of the likelihood. Waveforms with high snr
variability turn out to be precisely the ones that are improbable in the sense
mentioned above. The coherent network analysis method thus obtained can be
applied to any network, irrespective of the number or the mutual alignment of
detectors.Comment: 13 pages, 6 figure

### Networks of gravitational wave detectors and three figures of merit

This paper develops a general framework for studying the effectiveness of
networks of interferometric gravitational wave detectors and then uses it to
show that enlarging the existing LIGO-VIRGO network with one or more planned or
proposed detectors in Japan (LCGT), Australia, and India brings major benefits,
including much larger detection rate increases than previously thought... I
show that there is a universal probability distribution function (pdf) for
detected SNR values, which implies that the most likely SNR value of the first
detected event will be 1.26 times the search threshold. For binary systems, I
also derive the universal pdf for detected values of the orbital inclination,
taking into account the Malmquist bias; this implies that the number of
gamma-ray bursts associated with detected binary coalescences should be 3.4
times larger than expected from just the beaming fraction of the gamma burst.
Using network antenna patterns, I propose three figures of merit that
characterize the relative performance of different networks... Adding {\em any}
new site to the planned LIGO-VIRGO network can dramatically increase, by
factors of 2 to 4, the detected event rate by allowing coherent data analysis
to reduce the spurious instrumental coincident background. Moving one of the
LIGO detectors to Australia additionally improves direction-finding by a factor
of 4 or more. Adding LCGT to the original LIGO-VIRGO network not only improves
direction-finding but will further increase the detection rate over the
extra-site gain by factors of almost 2, partly by improving the network duty
cycle... Enlarged advanced networks could look forward to detecting three to
four hundred neutron star binary coalescences per year.Comment: 38 pages, 7 figures, 2 tables. Accepted for publication in Classical
and Quantum Gravit

### A Study And Application of Face Recognition System

人脸识别是近几年来非常受关注的研究课题之一。这一研究领域综合了多个学科：图像处理、模式识别、计算机视觉、神经网络，心理学等等。人脸识别所要解决的问题可以概述如下：给定场景下的静态图像或动态图像序列，应用已知人脸库，从场景里识别一个或多个人。本文研究静态人脸图像识别，这个问题的解决包括：从场景中分割人脸（人脸检测），人脸区域的特征提取、识别或验证。在识别问题中，输入系统人脸图像是未知的人脸，系统将从人脸数据库中找出与输入一致的人脸。本文的主要研究工作：1.本文第一章主要研究与人脸识别相关的神经科学和计算机人脸识别的各种方法，探讨生物识别和计算机识别的相互联系，以及生物识别方法，特别是人脸识别技术...Machine recognition of human face still and video images is one of the active research areas including several disciplines such as image processing, pattern recognition, computer vision and neural networks, psychology and so forth. A general statement of the problem can be formulated as follows: Given still or video images of a scene, identify or verify one or more persons in the scene using a sto...学位：工学硕士院系专业：物理与机电工程学院机电工程系_测试计量技术及仪器学号：20032901

### SUSY Survey with Inclusive Muon and Same-Sign Dimuon Accompanied by Jets and MET with CMS

Generic signatures of supersymmetry with R-parity conservation include those of single isolated muons or like-sign isolated dimuon pairs, accompanied with energetic jets and missing transverse energy. The ability of CMS to discover supersymmetry with these signals is estimated for 10 fb^{-1} of data collected with the inclusive single-muon and dimuon High-Level-Trigger paths. The selection criteria are optimized and the systematic effects are studied for a single low-mass benchmark point of the constrained MSSM with m_0 = 60,GeV/c^2, m_{1/2} = 250,GeVc^2, tan beta=10, A_0=0 and mu> 0. Discovery contours in the m_0, m_{1/2}) plane are presented for integrated luminosities ranging from 1 to 100, fb^{-1}

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