71,283 research outputs found

    Magnetoplasmons excitations in graphene for filling factors ν≤6\nu \leq 6

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    In the frame of the Hartree-Fock approximation, the dispersion of magnetoplasmons in Graphene is derived for all types of transitions for filling factors ν≤6\nu\leq 6. The optical conductivity components of the magnetoplasmon curves are calculated. It is shown that the electron-electron interactions lead to a strong re-normalization of the apparent Fermi velocity of Graphene which is different for different types of transitions.Comment: 15 pages, 7 figure

    Dynamical r-process studies within the neutrino-driven wind scenario and its sensitivity to the nuclear physics input

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    We use results from long-time core-collapse supernovae simulations to investigate the impact of the late time evolution of the ejecta and of the nuclear physics input on the calculated r-process abundances. Based on the latest hydrodynamical simulations, heavy r-process elements cannot be synthesized in the neutrino-driven winds that follow the supernova explosion. However, by artificially increasing the wind entropy, elements up to A=195 can be made. In this way one can reproduce the typical behavior of high-entropy ejecta where the r-process is expected to occur. We identify which nuclear physics input is more important depending on the dynamical evolution of the ejecta. When the evolution proceeds at high temperatures (hot r-process), an (n,g)-(g,n) equilibrium is reached. While at low temperature (cold r-process) there is a competition between neutron captures and beta decays. In the first phase of the r-process, while enough neutrons are available, the most relevant nuclear physics input are the nuclear masses for the hot r-process and the neutron capture and beta-decay rates for the cold r-process. At the end of this phase, the abundances follow a steady beta flow for the hot r-process and a steady flow of neutron captures and beta decays for the cold r-process. After neutrons are almost exhausted, matter decays to stability and our results show that in both cases neutron captures are key for determining the final abundances, the position of the r-process peaks, and the formation of the rare-earth peak. In all the cases studied, we find that the freeze out occurs in a timescale of several seconds.Comment: 20 pages, 12 figures, submitted to Phys. Rev. C (improved version

    Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI) System for Ancient Documentary Artefacts

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    This tutorial summarises our uses of reflectance transformation imaging in archaeological contexts. It introduces the UK AHRC funded project reflectance Transformation Imaging for Anciant Documentary Artefacts and demonstrates imaging methodologies
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