430 research outputs found

    The importance of thermal disorder and electronic occupation for the T-dependence of the optical conductivity in FeSi and MnSi

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    The spectral weight (SW) for optical transitions in FeSi and MnSi are calculated as function of temperature by means of LMTO-LDA band calculations. The main effects, caused by structural disorder and electronic Fermi-Dirac distribution, act oppositely on the T-dependence of the SW, while the variation of the magnetic moment in MnSi has only a minor effect. The calculations agree with the experimental findings of an increasing SW in FeSi and a decreasing SW in MnSi as function of T. The results can be understood from the change of the bandstructure with disorder.Comment: (5 pages, 4 figures

    Electronic, dynamical, and thermal properties of ultra-incompressible superhard rhenium diboride: A combined first-principles and neutron scattering study

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    Rhenium diboride is a recently recognized ultra-incompressible superhard material. Here we report the electronic (e), phonon (p), e-p coupling and thermal properties of ReB2_2 from first-principles density-functional theory (DFT) calculations and neutron scattering measurements. Our calculated elastic constants (c11c_{11} = 641 GPa, c12c_{12} = 159 GPa, c13c_{13} = 128 GPa, c33c_{33} = 1037 GPa, and c44c_{44} = 271 GPa), bulk modulus (BB ≈\approx 350 GPa) and hardness (HH ≈\approx 46 GPa) are in good agreement with the reported experimental data. The calculated phonon density of states (DOS) agrees very well with our neutron vibrational spectroscopy result. Electronic and phonon analysis indicates that the strong covalent B-B and Re-B bonding is the main reason for the super incompressibility and hardness of ReB2_2. The thermal expansion coefficients, calculated within the quasi-harmonic approximation and measured by neutron powder diffraction, are found to be nearly isotropic in aa and cc directions and only slightly larger than that of diamond in terms of magnitude. The excellent agreement found between calculations and experimental measurements indicate that first-principles calculations capture the main interactions in this class of superhard materials, and thus can be used to search, predict, and design new materials with desired properties.Comment: submitted to pr

    Anharmonic stabilization of the high-pressure simple cubic phase of calcium

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    The phonon spectrum of the high-pressure simple cubic phase of calcium, in the harmonic approx- imation, shows imaginary branches that make it mechanically unstable. In this letter, the phonon spectrum is recalculated using density-functional theory (DFT) ab initio methods fully including anharmonic effects up to fourth order at 50 GPa. Considering that perturbation theory cannot be employed with imaginary harmonic frequencies, a variational procedure based on the Gibbs- Bogoliubov inequality is used to estimate the renormalized phonon frequencies. The results show that strong quantum anharmonic effects make the imaginary phonons become positive even at zero temperature so that the simple cubic phase becomes mechanically stable, as experiments suggest. Moreover, our calculations find a superconducting Tc in agreement with experiments and predict an anomalous behavior of the specific heat.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figure

    Ab initio investigation of Elliott-Yafet electron-phonon mechanism in laser-induced ultrafast demagnetization

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    The spin-flip (SF) Eliashberg function is calculated from first-principles for ferromagnetic Ni to accurately establish the contribution of Elliott-Yafet electron-phonon SF scattering to Ni's femtosecond laser-driven demagnetization. This is used to compute the SF probability and demagnetization rate for laser-created thermalized as well as non-equilibrium electron distributions. Increased SF probabilities are found for thermalized electrons, but the induced demagnetization rate is extremely small. A larger demagnetization rate is obtained for {non-equilibrium} electron distributions, but its contribution is too small to account for femtosecond demagnetization.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures, to appear in PR

    Small Fermi energy, zero point fluctuations and nonadiabaticity in MgB2_2

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    Small Fermi energy effects are induced in MgB2_2 by the low hole doping in the σ\sigma bands which are characterized by a Fermi energy EFσ∼0.5E_{\rm F}^\sigma \sim 0.5 eV. We show that, due to the particularly strong deformation potential relative to the E2gE_{2g} phonon mode, lattice fluctuations are reflected in strong fluctuations in the electronic band structure. Quantum fluctuations associated to the zero-point lattice motion are responsible for an uncertainty of the Fermi energy of the order of the Fermi energy itself, leading to the breakdown of the adiabatic principle underlying the Born-Oppenheimer approximation in MgB2_2 even if ωph/EF∼0.1−0.2\omega_{\rm ph}/E_{\rm F} \sim 0.1-0.2, where ωph\omega_{\rm ph} are the characteristic phonon frequencies. This amounts to a new nonadiabatic regime, which could be relevant to other unconventional superconductors.Comment: to appear on Physical Review

    Electron-Phonon Interactions for Optical Phonon Modes in Few-Layer Graphene

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    We present a first-principles study of the electron-phonon (e-ph) interactions and their contributions to the linewidths for the optical phonon modes at Γ\Gamma and K in one to three-layer graphene. It is found that due to the interlayer coupling and the stacking geometry, the high-frequency optical phonon modes in few-layer graphene couple with different valence and conduction bands, giving rise to different e-ph interaction strengths for these modes. Some of the multilayer optical modes derived from the Γ\Gamma-E2gE_{2g} mode of monolayer graphene exhibit slightly higher frequencies and much reduced linewidths. In addition, the linewidths of K-A1′A'_1 related modes in multilayers depend on the stacking pattern and decrease with increasing layer numbers.Comment: 6 pages,5 figures, submitted to PR

    Unraveling the acoustic electron-phonon interaction in graphene

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    Using a first-principles approach we calculate the acoustic electron-phonon couplings in graphene for the transverse (TA) and longitudinal (LA) acoustic phonons. Analytic forms of the coupling matrix elements valid in the long-wavelength limit are found to give an almost quantitative description of the first-principles based matrix elements even at shorter wavelengths. Using the analytic forms of the coupling matrix elements, we study the acoustic phonon-limited carrier mobility for temperatures 0-200 K and high carrier densities of 10^{12}-10^{13} cm^{-2}. We find that the intrinsic effective acoustic deformation potential of graphene is \Xi_eff = 6.8 eV and that the temperature dependence of the mobility \mu ~ T^{-\alpha} increases beyond an \alpha = 4 dependence even in the absence of screening when the full coupling matrix elements are considered. The large disagreement between our calculated deformation potential and those extracted from experimental measurements (18-29 eV) indicates that additional or modified acoustic phonon-scattering mechanisms are at play in experimental situations.Comment: 7 pages, 3 figure

    Electron-phonon coupling and its evidence in the photoemission spectra of lead

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    We present a detailed study on the influence of strong electron-phonon coupling to the photoemission spectra of lead. Representing the strong-coupling regime of superconductivity, the spectra of lead show characteristic features that demonstrate the correspondence of physical properties in the normal and the superconducting state, as predicted by the Eliashberg theory. These features appear on an energy scale of a few meV and are accessible for photoemission only by using modern spectrometers with high resolution in energy and angle.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, accepted for publication in Phys. Rev. Let

    The electron-phonon coupling strength at metal surfaces directly determined from the Helium atom scattering Debye-Waller factor

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    A new quantum-theoretical derivation of the elastic and inelastic scattering probability of He atoms from a metal surface, where the energy and momentum exchange with the phonon gas can only occur through the mediation of the surface free-electron density, shows that the Debye-Waller exponent is directly proportional to the electron-phonon mass coupling constant λ\lambda. The comparison between the values of λ\lambda extracted from existing data on the Debye-Waller factor for various metal surfaces and the λ\lambda values known from literature indicates a substantial agreement, which opens the possibility of directly extracting the electron-phonon coupling strength in quasi-2D conducting systems from the temperature or incident energy dependence of the elastic Helium atom scattering intensities.Comment: 14 pages, 2 figures, 1 tabl
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