1,395 research outputs found

    Nuclear pairing: basic phenomena revisited

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    I review the phenomena associated with pairing in nuclear physics, most prominently the ubiquitous presence of odd-even mass differences and the properties of the excitation spectra, very different for even-even and odd-A nuclei. There are also significant dynamical effects of pairing, visible in the inertias associated with nuclear rotation and large-amplitude shape deformation.Comment: 16 pages, 10 figures, 1 table. This MS is a chapter in a review volume on nuclear pairing. The editors of the volume are R.A. Broglia and V. Zelevinsk

    Optical response of small carbon clusters

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    We apply the time-dependent local density approximation (TDLDA) to calculate dipole excitations in small carbon clusters. A strong low-frequency mode is found which agrees well with observation for clusters C_n with n in the range 7-15. The size dependence of the mode may be understood simply as the classical resonance of electrons in a conducting needle. For a ring geometry, the lowest collective mode occurs at about twice the frequency of the collective mode in the linear chain, and this may also be understood in simple terms.Comment: 19 pages, Latex(Revtex), and 7 figures Postscript; to be published in Zeit. Phys. D; contact is [email protected]

    Time-Dependent Local Density Approximation for Collective Excitations of Atomic Clusters

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    We discuss the calculation of collective excitations in atomic clusters using the time-dependent local density approximation. In principle there are many formulations of the TDLDA, but we have found that a particularly efficient method for large clusters is to use a coordinate space mesh and the algorithms for the operators and the evolution equations that had been developed for the nuclear time-dependent Hartree-Fock theory. The TDLDA works remarkably well to describe the strong excitations in alkali metal clusters and in carbon clusters. We show as an example the benzene molecule, which has two strong features in its spectrum. The systematics of the linear carbon chains is well reproduced, and may be understood in rather simple terms.Comment: 12 pages in Postscrip
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