116,114 research outputs found

    Notes on two-parameter quantum groups, (I)

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    A simpler definition for a class of two-parameter quantum groups associated to semisimple Lie algebras is given in terms of Euler form. Their positive parts turn out to be 2-cocycle deformations of each other under some conditions. An operator realization of the positive part is given.Comment: 11 page

    License auctions with exit (and entry) options: Alternative remedies for the exposure problem

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    Inspired by some spectrum auctions, we consider a stylized license auction with incumbents and one entrant. Whereas the entrant values only the bundle of several units (synergy), incumbents are subject to non-increasing demand. The seller proactively encourages entry and restricts incumbent bidders. In this framework, an English clock auction gives rise to an exposure problem that distorts efficiency and impairs revenue. We consider three remedies: a (constrained) Vickrey package auction, an English clock auction with exit option that allows the entrant to annul his bid, and an English clock auction with exit and entry option that lifts the bidding restriction if entry failed

    Extended linear regime of cavity-QED enhanced optical circular birefringence induced by a charged quantum dot

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    Giant optical Faraday rotation (GFR) and giant optical circular birefringence (GCB) induced by a single quantum-dot spin in an optical microcavity can be regarded as linear effects in the weak-excitation approximation if the input field lies in the low-power limit [Hu et al, Phys.Rev. B {\bf 78}, 085307(2008) and ibid {\bf 80}, 205326(2009)]. In this work, we investigate the transition from the weak-excitation approximation moving into the saturation regime comparing a semiclassical approximation with the numerical results from a quantum optics toolbox [S.M. Tan, J. Opt. B {\bf 1}, 424 (1999)]. We find that the GFR and GCB around the cavity resonance in the strong coupling regime are input-field independent at intermediate powers and can be well described by the semiclassical approximation. Those associated with the dressed state resonances in the strong coupling regime or merging with the cavity resonance in the Purcell regime are sensitive to input field at intermediate powers, and cannot be well described by the semiclassical approximation due to the quantum dot saturation. As the GFR and GCB around the cavity resonance are relatively immune to the saturation effects, the rapid read out of single electron spins can be carried out with coherent state and other statistically fluctuating light fields. This also shows that high speed quantum entangling gates, robust against input power variations, can be built exploiting these linear effects.Comment: Section IV has been added to show the linear GFR/GCB is not affected by high-order dressed state resonances in reflection/transmission spectra. 11 pages, 9 figure

    Limit Cycle Bifurcations from Centers of Symmetric Hamiltonian Systems Perturbing by Cubic Polynomials

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    In this paper, we consider some cubic near-Hamiltonian systems obtained from perturbing the symmetric cubic Hamiltonian system with two symmetric singular points by cubic polynomials. First, following Han [2012] we develop a method to study the analytical property of the Melnikov function near the origin for near-Hamiltonian system having the origin as its elementary center or nilpotent center. Based on the method, a computationally efficient algorithm is established to systematically compute the coefficients of Melnikov function. Then, we consider the symmetric singular points and present the conditions for one of them to be elementary center or nilpotent center. Under the condition for the singular point to be a center, we obtain the normal form of the Hamiltonian systems near the center. Moreover, perturbing the symmetric cubic Hamiltonian systems by cubic polynomials, we consider limit cycles bifurcating from the center using the algorithm to compute the coefficients of Melnikov function. Finally, perturbing the symmetric hamiltonian system by symmetric cubic polynomials, we consider the number of limit cycles near one of the symmetric centers of the symmetric near-Hamiltonian system, which is same to that of another center
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