3,919 research outputs found

    General correlation functions of the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt inequality for arbitrarily high-dimensional systems

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    We generalize the correlation functions of the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) inequality to arbitrarily high-dimensional systems. Based on this generalization, we construct the general CHSH inequality for bipartite quantum systems of arbitrarily high dimensionality, which takes the same simple form as CHSH inequality for two-dimension. This inequality is optimal in the same sense as the CHSH inequality for two dimensional systems, namely, the maximal amount by which the inequality is violated consists with the maximal resistance to noise. We also discuss the physical meaning and general definition of the correlation functions. Furthermore, by giving another specific set of the correlation functions with the same physical meaning, we realize the inequality presented in [Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf 88,}040404 (2002)].Comment: 4 pages, accepted by Phys. Rev. Let

    Quantum phase transition in a three-level atom-molecule system

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    We adopt a three-level bosonic model to investigate the quantum phase transition in an ultracold atom-molecule conversion system which includes one atomic mode and two molecular modes. Through thoroughly exploring the properties of energy level structure, fidelity, and adiabatical geometric phase, we confirm that the system exists a second-order phase transition from an atommolecule mixture phase to a pure molecule phase. We give the explicit expression of the critical point and obtain two scaling laws to characterize this transition. In particular we find that both the critical exponents and the behaviors of ground-state geometric phase change obviously in contrast to a similar two-level model. Our analytical calculations show that the ground-state geometric phase jumps from zero to ?pi/3 at the critical point. This discontinuous behavior has been checked by numerical simulations and it can be used to identify the phase transition in the system.Comment: 8 pages,8 figure

    Josephson Oscillation and Transition to Self-Trapping for Bose-Einstein-Condensates in a Triple-Well Trap

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    We investigate the tunnelling dynamics of Bose-Einstein-Condensates(BECs) in a symmetric as well as in a tilted triple-well trap within the framework of mean-field treatment. The eigenenergies as the functions of the zero-point energy difference between the tilted wells show a striking entangled star structure when the atomic interaction is large. We then achieve insight into the oscillation solutions around the corresponding eigenstates and observe several new types of Josephson oscillations. With increasing the atomic interaction, the Josephson-type oscillation is blocked and the self-trapping solution emerges. The condensates are self-trapped either in one well or in two wells but no scaling-law is observed near transition points. In particular, we find that the transition from the Josephson-type oscillation to the self-trapping is accompanied with some irregular regime where tunnelling dynamics is dominated by chaos. The above analysis is facilitated with the help of the Poicar\'{e} section method that visualizes the motions of BECs in a reduced phase plane.Comment: 10 pages, 11 figure

    Spinor Decomposition of SU(2) Gauge Potential and The Spinor Structures of Chern-Simons and Chern Density

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    In this paper, the decomposition of SU(2) gauge potential in terms of Pauli spinors is studied. Using this decomposition, the spinor strutures of the Chern-Simons form and the Chern density are obtained. Furthermore, by these spinor structures, the knot quantum number of non-Abelian gauge theory is discussed, and the second Chern number is characterized by the Hopf indices and the Brouwer degrees of ϕ\phi -mapping.Comment: 11 page