48,146 research outputs found

    Scatter of elastic waves by a thin flat elliptical inhomogeneity

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    Elastodynamic fields of a single, flat, elliptical inhomogeneity embedded in an infinite elastic medium subjected to plane time harmonic waves are studied. Scattered displacement amplitudes and stress intensities are obtained in series form for an incident wave in an arbitrary direction. The cases of a penny shaped crack and an elliptical crack are given as examples. The analysis is valid for alpha a up to about two, where alpha is longitudinal wave number and a is a typical geometric parameter

    Dynamic moduli and localized damage in composites

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    The scatter of elastic waves due to a thin, flat ellipsoidal inhomogeneity, either penny shaped or elliptical is discussed. An average theorem appropriate for dynamic effective mass density and effective moduli was developed via a self-consistent scheme. Effective material properties of two-component media consisting of randomly distributed spheres are given here as a special case

    Volume integrals associated with the inhomogeneous Helmholtz equation. Part 1: Ellipsoidal region

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    Problems of wave phenomena in fields of acoustics, electromagnetics and elasticity are often reduced to an integration of the inhomogeneous Helmholtz equation. Results are presented for volume integrals associated with the Helmholtz operator, nabla(2) to alpha(2), for the case of an ellipsoidal region. By using appropriate Taylor series expansions and multinomial theorem, these volume integrals are obtained in series form for regions r 4' and r r', where r and r' are distances from the origin to the point of observation and source, respectively. Derivatives of these integrals are easily evaluated. When the wave number approaches zero, the results reduce directly to the potentials of variable densities

    Chaotic Properties of Subshifts Generated by a Non-Periodic Recurrent Orbit

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    The chaotic properties of some subshift maps are investigated. These subshifts are the orbit closures of certain non-periodic recurrent points of a shift map. We first provide a review of basic concepts for dynamics of continuous maps in metric spaces. These concepts include nonwandering point, recurrent point, eventually periodic point, scrambled set, sensitive dependence on initial conditions, Robinson chaos, and topological entropy. Next we review the notion of shift maps and subshifts. Then we show that the one-sided subshifts generated by a non-periodic recurrent point are chaotic in the sense of Robinson. Moreover, we show that such a subshift has an infinite scrambled set if it has a periodic point. Finally, we give some examples and discuss the topological entropy of these subshifts, and present two open problems on the dynamics of subshifts

    The transmission or scattering of elastic waves by an inhomogeneity of simple geometry: A comparison of theories

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    The extended method of equivalent inclusion developed is applied to study the specific wave problems of the transmission of elastic waves in an infinite medium containing a layer of inhomogeneity, and of the scattering of elastic waves in an infinite medium containing a perfect spherical inhomogeneity. The eigenstrains are expanded as a geometric series and the method of integration for the inhomogeneous Helmholtz operator given by Fu and Mura is adopted. The results obtained by using a limited number of terms in the eigenstrain expansion are compared with exact solutions for the layer problem and for a perfect sphere. Two parameters are singled out for this comparison: the ratio of elastic moduli, and the ratio of the mass densities. General trends for three different situations are shown

    Volume integrals associated with the inhomegeneous Helmholtz equation. Part 2: Cylindrical region; rectangular region

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    Results are presented for volume integrals associated with the Helmholtz operator, nabla(2) + alpha(2), for the cases of a finite cylindrical region and a region of rectangular parallelepiped. By using appropriate Taylor series expansions and multinomial theorem, these volume integrals are obtained in series form for regions r r' and r 4', where r and r' are distances from the origin to the point of observation and source, respectively. When the wave number approaches zero, the results reduce directly to the potentials of variable densities
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