17 research outputs found

    Graphical Materials as Teaching Tools for the Conceptualization of Space

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    Didactic publication is just one of the results of an international project R.A.V.E Space, which aims with young people to raise the awareness of values of space through the process of education. The state of the space and the changes that have occurred within in it over extended time periods can be most easily found out using a variety of graphical materials. Among these, cartographic and photographic materials, in classical or electronic form, stand out and form an indispensable tool in teaching young people about space and its importance for the continuing development of society. We highlight in particular the use of different maps, aerial photos, three-dimensional and simulated models and photographs of an area from different time periods. We have presented a selection of cartographic and other graphical teaching tools at seminars for teachers, showing how they can be used to teach pupils about the significance and role of space for sustainable development

    Metodologija tematske kartografije nacionalnega atlasa Slovenije

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    The book outlines the scientific achievements of digital cartography developed for the purpose of the National Atlas of Slovenia, published in 1998 with the title Geographical Atlas of Slovenia. Different topics, referring to thematic maps, such as brief description of the history of thematic cartography and various atlases, have been explained. Further on all stages in the working process of digital mapmaking with all the emphasis on appropriate aesthetic solutions in accordance with different content use have been interpreted in detail. Cartographic scientific statements have been emphasised with cases of thematic maps from the Geographical Atlas of Slovenia. The author demonstrates the classical cartographic principles, formed in long lasting development of cartographic profession as well as the newest methodological ascertainments that were applied using the up-to-date digital technology.Knjiga prina┼ía rezultate avtori─Źinega raziskovalnega dela na podro─Źju tematske kartografije ob pripravljanju prvega nacionalnega atlasa Slovenije, ki je iz┼íel leta 1998 z naslovom Geografski atlas Slovenije. Vsebuje tudi kraj┼íi pregled zgodovinskega razvoja tematske kartografije ter splo┼ínogeografskih in nacionalnih atlasov, predvsem pa opis vseh stopenj delovnega procesa pri ra─Źunalni┼íki izdelavi tematskih zemljevidov s posebnim poudarkom na njihovem usklajenem estetskem in vsebinskem oblikovanju

    Content and principles in creating school maps

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    Cilj doktorske disertacije je podrobneje preu─Źiti pomen ┼íolskih zemljevidov v izobra┼żevalnem procesu in nadgraditi ugotovitve tujih in doma─Źih strokovnjakov z novimi spoznanji. Na osnovi opravljenih raziskav u─Źbenik ostaja prevladujo─Ź na─Źin posredovanja kartografskih vsebin v izobra┼żevalnem procesu, zato je pozornost usmerjena predvsem na zemljevide v u─Źbenikih. Sklepna teza izhaja iz analize vsebin obstoje─Źih u─Źnih na─Źrtov v Sloveniji in njihove primerjave z nekaterimi kurikuli v drugih evropskih dr┼żavah, Kanadi in Avstraliji. Spoznanja temeljijo tudi na obse┼żni analizi kartografskih znanj slovenskih osnovno┼íolcev in dijakov, ┼żelja u─Źiteljev in izku┼íenj urednikov, ki vklju─Źujejo kartografsko gradivo v u─Źbenike. Te analize so bile opravljene z metodo anketiranja in intervjuvanja. Rezultati so pokazali, da slovenski u─Źni na─Źrti v primerjavi s tujimi zagotavljajo obse┼żne in temeljite kartografske vsebine, zlasti od druge triade osnovnih ┼íol dalje, kljub temu pa se pri u─Źencih poka┼żejo vrzeli v nekaterih segmentih kartografskih znanj o Sloveniji. Za raziskavo vzrokov je bil opravljen pregled celotnega kartografskega komunikacijskega sistema od kartografa, ki sporo─Źila kodira, do spoznavnih zemljevidov, ki so rezultat uporabnikovega miselnega dekodiranja sporo─Źil, ki jih zemljevid prina┼ía. Namen raziskave je dopolnitev kartografskih oblikovalskih na─Źel, ki bodo izhodi┼í─Źe za pripravo didakti─Źno ─Źim bolj dovr┼íenih ┼íolskih zemljevidov v prihodnje in za nadaljnji razvoj ┼íolske kartografije.This doctoral dissertation studies the significance of school maps in education in detail and complements findings by experts from Slovenia and abroad with new insights. Based on the studies conducted, textbooks remain the predominant method for presenting cartographic material in the educational system, and therefore the main focus is on the maps used in textbooks. The concluding thesis proceeds from an analysis of Slovenian curricula and their comparison with selected curricula in other European countries, Canada, and Australia. The findings are also based on an extensive analysis of the cartographic knowledge of Slovenian primary-school and secondary-school students, teachersÔÇÖ preferences, and the experience of the editors that incorporate cartographic material into textbooks. These analyses were carried out using a survey and interviews. The results showed that, compared to the curricula in other countries, the Slovenian curricula provide extensive and thorough cartographic material, especially from the fourth grade onwards. Nonetheless, the students show gaps in certain segments of cartographic knowledge of Slovenia. In order to study the causes for this, the entire cartographic communication system was examinedÔÇöfrom the cartographers that encode the messages, to cognitive maps, which are the result of usersÔÇÖ mental decoding of messages provided by the map. The study adds to the cartographic design principles that will serve as a starting point for preparing the best possible school maps for teaching in the future and for further development of school cartography

    The Importance of TeachersÔÇÖ Perception of Space in Education

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    In addition to environmental problems, spatial pressures are also being exacerbated by increasing economic development, the prosperity of the European population, and the increasing needs of various activities. These can only be mitigated through carefully planned use of space, which demands more active inclusion of the public in addition to relevant services. For successful public inclusion it is important for both individuals and social communities to be aware that space is a limited commodity exposed to increasing social and economic pressure. This kind of awareness demands an informed and educated population that will not only build its attitude towards space based on conceptual knowledge, but also supplement this through perceptual knowledge obtained in education. Active, responsible, and critical citizens can only be cultivated by properly educated, informed, and motivated teachers. These teachers can use new methods to address many existing topics and include new topics to considerably broaden their studentsÔÇÖ minds. This is also what this paper seeks to demonstrate. It focuses on the comprehension of space through spatial perception, further development of routine conceptual knowledge through fieldwork, and the possibility of applying selected methods to learning processes. The goal of these efforts will be achieved when individuals and society understand that space is a limited commodity and that the attitude towards it must change as soon as possible if space is to be preserved for future generations in the spirit of sustainable development

    Prostor v slovenski zgodovinski povesti in njegova geografska prezentacija

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    Zgodovinske povesti so pove─Źini ume┼í─Źene v geografsko dolo─Źljiv prostor, ki ga je mogo─Źe kartirati na zemljevidih. Ti imajo zaradi slikovne predstavitve stvarnosti veliko sporo─Źilno vrednost. Analize in upodobitve na zemljevidih s pomo─Źjo geografskih informacijskih sistemov zahtevajo predhodno vzpostavitev tabelari─Źnih podatkov. Podatkovna zbirka slovenskega zgodovinskega romana iz leta 1999 vsebuje tudi podatke o dogajali┼í─Źih, ki so bili za potrebe vzor─Źne predstavitve na spletnih zemljevidih dopolnjeni in poenoteni za 48 izbranih romanov od skupaj 310 vpisanih. ─îlanek popisuje izku┼ínje in dileme z ozna─Źevanjem dogajali┼í─Ź v romanih in razlaga pripravo podatkov za novo podatkovno zbirko in za njihovo prezentacijo na zemljevidu. Pripenja jih na dosedanje ugotovitve o zna─Źaju in vlogi prostora v tem ┼żanru, poro─Źa pa tudi od rugih postavitvah literarnih in literarnovednih podatkov na zemljevide

    Space and its Geographical Presentation in Slovene Historical Narrative

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    Zgodovinske povesti so pove─Źini ume┼í─Źene v geografsko dolo─Źljiv prostor, ki ga je mogo─Źe kartirati na zemljevidih. Ti imajo zaradi slikovne predstavitve stvarnosti veliko sporo─Źilno vrednost. Analize in upodobitve na zemljevidih s pomo─Źjo geografskih informacijskih sistemov zahtevajo predhodno vzpostavitev tabelari─Źnih podatkov. Podatkovna zbirka slovenskega zgodovinskega romana iz leta 1999 vsebuje tudi podatke o dogajali┼í─Źih, ki so bili za potrebe vzor─Źne predstavitve na spletnih zemljevidih dopolnjeni in poenoteni za 48 izbranih romanov od skupaj 310 vpisanih. ─îlanek popisuje izku┼ínje in dileme z ozna─Źevanjem dogajali┼í─Ź v romanih in razlaga pripravo podatkov za novo podatkovno zbirko in za njihovo prezentacijo na zemljevidu. Pripenja jih na dosedanje ugotovitve o zna─Źaju in vlogi prostora v tem ┼żanru, poro─Źa pa tudi od rugih postavitvah literarnih in literarnovednih podatkov na zemljevide

    The wellbeing of Slovenia's population by region: comparison of indicators with an emphasis on health

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    In broader definitions, wellbeing is commonly described as a multidimensional concept, defined by the state of happiness, health, and prosperity. However, due to various understandings of conceptual issues regarding wellbeing, professionals encounter a number of methodological problems connected with measuring it. Composite indicators are thus being increasingly used to measure population's wellbeing. Health is an important area of wellbeing and is connected with indicators similar to those used for measuring general wellbeing. This article uses composite indicators to compare various areas of wellbeing, and especially health-related wellbeing, among the twelve Slovenian statistical regions. The findings show great differences between Slovenian regions. In western Slovenia (the Central Slovenia, So─Źa, Coastal-Karst, and Upper Carniola regions), the level of wellbeing is generally high, and in eastern Slovenia (the Carinthia, Lower Sava, Mura, and Central Sava regions) it is lower. Except for minor deviations, the level of general wellbeing in the regions matches the level of health-related wellbeing

    Atlant and Slovene national consciousness in the second half of the 19th century

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    The geographic literature made an important contribution to the development of national consciousness among Slovenes in the 19thcentury, as well as to the reinforcement of Slovene identity after Slovenia's independence in 1991. A typical example of this kind of geographic publication is Atlant, the first atlas of the world in the Slovene language, which was published in installments from 1869 to 1877. Atlant followed the concept of a Unified Slovenia, and this idea boosted the confidence of Slovenes, the bulk of whom were incorporated into Austria-Hungary as they entered the stage of European politics as a nation for the first time. With the publication of Atlant, a number of geographical names were trans-lated into Slovene or Slovenized for the first time. The geographic, linguistic, and political conditions in which Slovenes lived, as well as the relations at the time between Slovene, German, and Slavic languages, are reflect-ed in the way foreign place names were adapted. The reprinting of Atlant in 2005 is also associated with a critical period in history, since it was published after the independence of Slovenia and its inclusion in the European Union, a time when the young state has been seeking its identity among all the world's nations

    Slovenia in Focus

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    Knjiga, ki je bila izdana ob predsedovanju Slovenije Evropski uniji, vsebuje strnjene in nazorno (s preglednicami, statisti─Źnimi podatki, dodelanimi tematskimi zemljevidi ter ┼ítevilnimi barvnimi grafikoni in fotografijami) prikazane relevantne podatke o na┼íi dr┼żavi, od temeljnih kulturno-zgodovinskih podatkov do bistvenih informacijo naravnem okolju in dru┼żbenem razvoju. Na koncu sta dodana imensko kazalo preglednega zemljevida Slovenije na strani 31 in petjezi─Źni slovar─Źek glavnih zemljepisnih izrazov

    Kocenov srednje┼íolski atlas kot didakti─Źna prelomnica

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    This monograph (ÔÇśKozenn's school atlas as a milestone in education') was released on the 150th anniversary of the publication of the first secondary-school atlas by Blasius Kozenn (a.k.a. Bla┼ż Kocen). He grew up in a Slovenian farming family near Ponikva, Lower Styria. While working as a teacher, he realized he needed more new teaching aids and he advocated more modern methods of teaching. His cooperation with the publisher Eduard H├Âlzel was of key importance. KozennÔÇÖs crowning accomplishment was the first successful school atlas in the Austrian Empire, published in 1861. It contained twenty-seven maps, of which three were on double pages, and was published in German, Hungarian, Czech, and Polish. The author followed the example of the leading German atlases of that time, but he thoroughly adapted it to local conditions, introduced several important new features, and ensured that its reprints and other atlases that used his as a model were constantly technically, artistically, and conceptually improved. KozennÔÇÖs secondary-school atlas soon became the leading one in the German-speaking part of the empire, whereas in the Czech, Polish, and Hungarian schools his ÔÇťsmallÔÇŁ atlases, which were more limited in their coverage and cheaper, were initially more successful. After KozennÔÇÖs death, the publisher decided to maintain his well-established brand, and so even 150 years since its first publication the Kozenn-Atlas is still a prominent name.Knjiga je nastala ob 150-letnici izida prvega Kocenovega srednje┼íolskega atlasa, ki je pustil globoke sledi v kartografiji in didaktiki geografskega pouka. Z nedvomnim talentom in predvsem izredno delavnostjo obdarjeni Bla┼ż Kocen je odra┼í─Źal v slovenski kme─Źki dru┼żini v bli┼żini Ponikve na ju┼żnem ┼átajerskem. Krona njegovega dela je bil prvi uspe┼íni ┼íolski atlas v avstrijskem cesarstvu, ki je iz┼íel leta 1861, hkrati v nem┼í─Źini, mad┼żar┼í─Źini, ─Źe┼í─Źini in polj┼í─Źini. V njem je Kocen sku┼íal zdru┼żiti najbolj┼íe odlike drugih takratnih atlasov, predvsem pa si je prizadeval, da bi bil izdelek za dijake ─Źim bolj in ─Źim dlje uporaben, nazoren in cenovno dostopen. Zalo┼żba H├Âlzel ohranja uveljavljeno blagovno znamko in po 150 letih od prvega izida je Kozenn-Atlas ┼íe vedno ugledno ime ┼íolskih atlasov tako v Avstriji kot po svetu
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