122 research outputs found

    Polymeric nanoparticles enhance the sonodynamic activity of meso-tetrakis (4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrin in an in vitro neuroblastoma model

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    PURPOSE: Sonodynamic therapy is a developing noninvasive modality for cancer treatment, based on the selective activation of a sonosensitizer agent by acoustic cavitation. The activated sonosensitizer agent might generate reactive oxygen species leading to cancer cell death. We investigated the potential poly-methyl methacrylate core-shell nanoparticles (NPs) loaded with meso-tetrakis (4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrin (TPPS) have to function as an innovative sonosensitizing system, ie, TPPS-NPs. METHODS: Shockwaves (SWs) generated by a piezoelectric device were used to induce acoustic cavitation. The cytotoxic effect of the sonodynamic treatment with TPPS-NPs and SWs was investigated on the human neuroblastoma cell line, SH-SY5Y. Cells were exposed for 12 hours to TPPS-NPs (100 μg/mL) and then to SWs (0.43 mJ/mm(2) for 500 impulses, 4 impulses/second). Treatment with SWs, TPPS, and NPs alone or in combination was carried out as control. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant decrease in SH-SY5Y cell proliferation after the sonodynamic treatment with TPPS-NPs and SWs. Indeed, there was a significant increase in necrotic (16.91% ± 3.89%) and apoptotic (27.45% ± 3.03%) cells at 48 hours. Moreover, a 15-fold increase in reactive oxygen species production for cells exposed to TPPS-NPs and SWs was observed at 1 hour compared with untreated cells. A statistically significant enhanced mRNA (messenger ribonucleic acid) expression of NRF2 (P<0.001) and a significant downregulation of TIGAR (P<0.05) and MAP3K5 (P<0.05) genes was observed in cells exposed to TPPS-NPs and SWs at 24 hours, along with a statistically significant release of cytochrome c (P<0.01) at 48 hours. Lastly, the sonosensitizing system was also investigated in an in vitro three-dimensional model, and the sonodynamic treatment significantly decreased the neuroblastoma spheroid growth. CONCLUSION: The sonosensitizing properties of TPPS were significantly enhanced once loaded onto NPs, thus enhancing the sonodynamic treatment’s efficacy in an in vitro neuroblastoma model

    Terapia con onde d'urto extracorporee nei disturbi del consolidamento osseo. Basi biologiche e raccomandazioni operative.

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    Nei disturbi del consolidamento osseo, l'efficacia della chirurgia può essere condizionata da varie complicanze. tra le strategie non chirurgiche, la terapia con onde d'urto extracorporee (ESWT - Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy) rimanda al principio fisico della meccanotrasduzione, in base al quale, l'interazione molecolare tra l'impulso acustico e le strutture meccanosensibili delle cellule regola l'espressione genica di determinati fattori di crescita e sostanze pro angiogenetiche. Tali prerogative conferiscono alle onde d'urto il significato traslazionale di terapia rigenerativa la cui efficacia nei trattamenti sull'osso dipende dalla corretta selezione dei pazienti, dal timing, dal rispetto di raccomandazioni operative e successive al trattamento
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