171 research outputs found

    Schooling in Rural East Texas: Contextualizing and Responding to the Needs of African American Students

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    This critical analysis contextualizes and responds to the current state of education for persons of African descent in rural East Texas, specifically Region VII. The researchers analyzed assessment data, attendance data, demographic data, and discipline data from the Texas Education Agency. Selected data provided a pathway to explore variables that directly impact students’ academic performance and identities. Findings from this study highlight concerns that range from discrepancies in out-of-school suspensions, disproportionate representation of faculty with the student populations, and challenges faced by East Texas schools and school districts to meet state and federal policies and accountability standards. The authors recommend that students, families, teachers, administrators within these communities must work together to create an environment that all parties are valued

    The Vehicle, Spring 1993

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    Table of Contents The Shape of Things to Come.Peter F. Essigpage 6 SaxophoneWalt Howardpage 6 Gravity BedSue Songerpage 7 UntitledJennifer Gutowskipage 8 uncertaintyWalt Howardpage 9 Ruth Ann, et. al.Susan Eisenhourpage 9 Failed IndustryScott Langenpage 10 UntitledKaren Wisspage 10 wanted:Walt Howardpage 10 Dida; 1978Diana Matijaspage 11 UntitledJennifer Gutowskipage 12 The Lesson in NovemberSue Songerpage 13 Coal MinerJames P. Tangpage 16 Christmas CrueltySue Songerpage 17 Astral ProjectionSusan Eisenhourpage 18 UntitledBen Hausmannpage 19 Into Zagreb\u27s Evening*Diana Matjaspage 20 UntitledJennifer Gutowskipage 22 The AnniversaryJennifer Moropage 23 NudeDan Trutterpage 24 death for saleWalt Howardpage 24 JudgedKevin St. Angelpage 25 Nature\u27s RefugeeScott Langenpage 25 Arrowhead Hunting at TippecanoeJennifer Moropage 26 UntitledKimberly Foxpage 27 TAINTED LOVESarah C. Patiencepage 28 cemeteryWalt Howardpage 28 Cow GameSusan Eisenhourpage 29 UntitledJennifer Gutowskipage 31 ReflectionsPeter F. Essigpage 32 Destination U.S.A.Dan Trutterpage 33 UntitledMario Letopage 33 Authors\u27 Pagepage 34https://thekeep.eiu.edu/vehicle/1061/thumbnail.jp

    The Vehicle, Spring 1993

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    Table of Contents The Shape of Things to Come.Peter F. Essigpage 6 SaxophoneWalt Howardpage 6 Gravity BedSue Songerpage 7 UntitledJennifer Gutowskipage 8 uncertaintyWalt Howardpage 9 Ruth Ann, et. al.Susan Eisenhourpage 9 Failed IndustryScott Langenpage 10 UntitledKaren Wisspage 10 wanted:Walt Howardpage 10 Dida; 1978Diana Matijaspage 11 UntitledJennifer Gutowskipage 12 The Lesson in NovemberSue Songerpage 13 Coal MinerJames P. Tangpage 16 Christmas CrueltySue Songerpage 17 Astral ProjectionSusan Eisenhourpage 18 UntitledBen Hausmannpage 19 Into Zagreb\u27s Evening*Diana Matjaspage 20 UntitledJennifer Gutowskipage 22 The AnniversaryJennifer Moropage 23 NudeDan Trutterpage 24 death for saleWalt Howardpage 24 JudgedKevin St. Angelpage 25 Nature\u27s RefugeeScott Langenpage 25 Arrowhead Hunting at TippecanoeJennifer Moropage 26 UntitledKimberly Foxpage 27 TAINTED LOVESarah C. Patiencepage 28 cemeteryWalt Howardpage 28 Cow GameSusan Eisenhourpage 29 UntitledJennifer Gutowskipage 31 ReflectionsPeter F. Essigpage 32 Destination U.S.A.Dan Trutterpage 33 UntitledMario Letopage 33 Authors\u27 Pagepage 34https://thekeep.eiu.edu/vehicle/1061/thumbnail.jp

    A pathway to a stronger research culture in health policy

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    There are currently limited pathways into a career in health policy research in Australia, due in part to a serious absence of health policy research capability in Australian universities. The authors define what they consider health policy research and education should comprise, then examine what is currently on offer and propose ways to strengthen health policy research in Australia. This paper, which is part analysis and part commentary, is offered to provoke wider debate about how health policy research can be nurtured in Australia

    The Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment: Exploring Fundamental Symmetries of the Universe

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    The preponderance of matter over antimatter in the early Universe, the dynamics of the supernova bursts that produced the heavy elements necessary for life and whether protons eventually decay --- these mysteries at the forefront of particle physics and astrophysics are key to understanding the early evolution of our Universe, its current state and its eventual fate. The Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE) represents an extensively developed plan for a world-class experiment dedicated to addressing these questions. LBNE is conceived around three central components: (1) a new, high-intensity neutrino source generated from a megawatt-class proton accelerator at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, (2) a near neutrino detector just downstream of the source, and (3) a massive liquid argon time-projection chamber deployed as a far detector deep underground at the Sanford Underground Research Facility. This facility, located at the site of the former Homestake Mine in Lead, South Dakota, is approximately 1,300 km from the neutrino source at Fermilab -- a distance (baseline) that delivers optimal sensitivity to neutrino charge-parity symmetry violation and mass ordering effects. This ambitious yet cost-effective design incorporates scalability and flexibility and can accommodate a variety of upgrades and contributions. With its exceptional combination of experimental configuration, technical capabilities, and potential for transformative discoveries, LBNE promises to be a vital facility for the field of particle physics worldwide, providing physicists from around the globe with opportunities to collaborate in a twenty to thirty year program of exciting science. In this document we provide a comprehensive overview of LBNE's scientific objectives, its place in the landscape of neutrino physics worldwide, the technologies it will incorporate and the capabilities it will possess.Comment: Major update of previous version. This is the reference document for LBNE science program and current status. Chapters 1, 3, and 9 provide a comprehensive overview of LBNE's scientific objectives, its place in the landscape of neutrino physics worldwide, the technologies it will incorporate and the capabilities it will possess. 288 pages, 116 figure

    Discovery of a Disrupting Open Cluster Far into the Milky Way Halo: A Recent Star Formation Event in the Leading Arm of the Magellanic Stream?

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    We report the discovery of a young (tau similar to 117 Myr), low-mass (M similar to 1200 M.), metal-poor ([Fe H] similar to -1.14) stellar association at a heliocentric distance D approximate to 28.7 kpc, placing it far into the Milky Way (MW) halo. At its present Galactocentric position (R, z) similar to (23, 15) kpc, the association is (on the sky) near the leading arm of the gas stream emanating from the Magellanic Cloud system, but is located approximate to 60 degrees from the Large Magellanic Cloud center on the other side of the MW disk. If the cluster is colocated with H I gas in the stream, we directly measure the distance to the leading arm of the Magellanic stream. The measured distance is inconsistent with Magellanic stream model predictions that do not account for ram pressure and gas interaction with the MW disk. The estimated age of the cluster is consistent with the time of last passage of the leading arm gas through the Galactic midplane; we therefore speculate that this star formation event was triggered by its last disk midplane passage. Most details of this idea remain a puzzle: the Magellanic stream has low column density, the MW disk at large radii has low gas density, and the relative velocity of the leading arm and MW gas is large. However it formed, the discovery of a young stellar cluster in the MW halo presents an interesting opportunity for study. This cluster was discovered with Gaia astrometry and photometry alone, but follow-up DECam photometry was crucial for measuring its properties.National Science Foundation (NSF) [AST-1813881]; Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO) [2018A-0251]; Center for Computational AstrophysicsThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at [email protected]

    Health systems research in Lao PDR: capacity development for getting research into policy and practice

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    <p>Abstract</p> <p>Background</p> <p>Lao PDR is a low-income country with an urgent need for evidence-informed policymaking in the healthcare sector. During the last decade a number of Health Systems Research (HSR) projects have been conducted in order to meet this need. However, although knowledge about research is increasing among policymakers, the use of research in policymaking is still limited.</p> <p>Methods</p> <p>This article investigates the relationship between research and policymaking from the perspective of those participating in HSR projects. The study is based on 28 interviews, two group discussions and the responses from 56 questionnaires.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>The interviewees and questionnaire respondents were aware of the barriers to getting research into policy and practice. But while some were optimistic, claiming that there had been a change of attitudes among policymakers in the last two years, others were more pessimistic and did not expect any real changes until years from now. The major barriers to feeding research results into policy and practice included an inability to influence the policy process and to get policymakers and practitioners interested in research results. Another barrier was the lack of continuous capacity development and high-quality research, both of which are related to funding and international support. Many of the interviewees and questionnaire respondents also pointed out that communication between those conducting research and policymakers must be improved.</p> <p>Conclusion</p> <p>The results show that in the case of Lao PDR, research capacity development is at a crucial stage for implementing research into policy and practice. If research is going to make a consistent impact on policymaking in the Lao health care sector, the attitude towards research will need to be changed in order to get research prioritised, both among those conducting research, and among policymakers and practitioners. Our findings indicate that there is awareness about the barriers in this process.</p

    Gas inflow and outflow in an interacting high-redshift galaxy The remarkable host environment of GRB 080810 at z=3.35

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    We reveal multiple components of an interacting galaxy system at z ≈ 3.35 through a detailed analysis of the exquisite high-resolution Keck/HIRES spectrum of the afterglow of a gamma-ray burst (GRB). Through Voigt-profile fitting of absorption lines from the Lyman series, we constrain the neutral hydrogen column density to NH i ≤ 1018.35 cm-2 for the densest of four distinct systems at the host redshift of GRB 080810, which is among the lowest NH i ever observed in a GRB host, even though the line of sight passes within a projected 5 kpc of the galaxy centres. By detailed analysis of the corresponding metal absorption lines, we derive chemical, ionic, and kinematic properties of the individual absorbing systems, and thus build a picture of the host as a whole. Striking differences between the systems imply that the line of sight passes through several phases of gas: the star-forming regions of the GRB host; enriched material in the form of a galactic outflow; the hot and ionised halo of a second interacting galaxy falling towards the host at a line-of-sight velocity of 700 km s-1; and a cool metal-poor cloud that may represent one of the best candidates yet for the inflow of metal-poor gas from the intergalactic medium

    Land Law, Property Ideologies and the British-Irish relationship

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    English and Irish land law are deeply influenced by the historical context of the British-Irish relationship, yet property scholarship comparing the two jurisdictions is surprisingly rare. The current Brexit negotiations provide a timely reminder of the strategic importance of property and trade relations between the two countries; and of their related-but-different legal cultures. In this article we examine how the property cultures of England and Ireland were shaped by the politics and practices of land tenure, by competing economic and property ideologies, and by the influence of both on national identity and statehood in both jurisdictions. The article reveals the role of local contexts and events in shaping land reform, and demonstrates the fertile potential of the comparative frame to contextualise each jurisdiction’s doctrines and practices. As domestic land law systems are drawn together in the context of emerging EU jurisdiction over areas like mortgage credit, each jurisdiction’s underpinning ideological commitments have important implications for the ease – or not – of attempts to harmonize member state practices. We explain the alignments and divergences between domestic underpinnings of Irish and English law, and reflect on the implications of our findings for contemporary property problems in the context of evolving economic and political relationships between the UK and Ireland

    The Real maccoyii: Identifying Tuna Sushi with DNA Barcodes – Contrasting Characteristic Attributes and Genetic Distances

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    BACKGROUND:The use of DNA barcodes for the identification of described species is one of the least controversial and most promising applications of barcoding. There is no consensus, however, as to what constitutes an appropriate identification standard and most barcoding efforts simply attempt to pair a query sequence with reference sequences and deem identification successful if it falls within the bounds of some pre-established cutoffs using genetic distance. Since the Renaissance, however, most biological classification schemes have relied on the use of diagnostic characters to identify and place species. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:Here we developed a cytochrome c oxidase subunit I character-based key for the identification of all tuna species of the genus Thunnus, and compared its performance with distance-based measures for identification of 68 samples of tuna sushi purchased from 31 restaurants in Manhattan (New York City) and Denver, Colorado. Both the character-based key and GenBank BLAST successfully identified 100% of the tuna samples, while the Barcode of Life Database (BOLD) as well as genetic distance thresholds, and neighbor-joining phylogenetic tree building performed poorly in terms of species identification. A piece of tuna sushi has the potential to be an endangered species, a fraud, or a health hazard. All three of these cases were uncovered in this study. Nineteen restaurant establishments were unable to clarify or misrepresented what species they sold. Five out of nine samples sold as a variant of "white tuna" were not albacore (T. alalunga), but escolar (Lepidocybium flavorunneum), a gempylid species banned for sale in Italy and Japan due to health concerns. Nineteen samples were northern bluefin tuna (T. thynnus) or the critically endangered southern bluefin tuna (T. maccoyii), though nine restaurants that sold these species did not state these species on their menus. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:The Convention on International Trade Endangered Species (CITES) requires that listed species must be identifiable in trade. This research fulfills this requirement for tuna, and supports the nomination of northern bluefin tuna for CITES listing in 2010
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