23,658 research outputs found

    Technical publications of the NASA Wallops Flight Facility, 1980 through 1983

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    This bibliography lists the publications sponsored by the NASA Wallops Flight Center/NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Wallops Flight Facility during the period 1980 through 1983. The compilation contains citations listed by type of publication; i.e., NASA formal report, NASA contractor report, journal article, or presentation; by contract/grant number; and by accession number. Oceanography, astrophysics, artificial satellites, fluid mechanics, and sea ice are among the topics covered

    Forty Years of Celebration of Discipline: An Interview with Richard Foster

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    Wow, Richard, it’s been 40 years since your first book, Celebration of Discipline, was published, and it’s still a best seller (selling over 2 million copies), having been translated into 25 languages! Reflecting on that now, could you say something about your original vision for the book, and how God has blessed its impact over the years

    A fast and robust numerical scheme for solving models of charge carrier transport and ion vacancy motion in perovskite solar cells

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    Drift-diffusion models that account for the motion of both electronic and ionic charges are important tools for explaining the hysteretic behaviour and guiding the development of metal halide perovskite solar cells. Furnishing numerical solutions to such models for realistic operating conditions is challenging owing to the extreme values of some of the parameters. In particular, those characterising (i) the short Debye lengths (giving rise to rapid changes in the solutions across narrow layers), (ii) the relatively large potential differences across devices and (iii) the disparity in timescales between the motion of the electronic and ionic species give rise to significant stiffness. We present a finite difference scheme with an adaptive time step that is posed on a non-uniform staggered grid that provides second order accuracy in the mesh spacing. The method is able to cope with the stiffness of the system for realistic parameters values whilst providing high accuracy and maintaining modest computational costs. For example, a transient sweep of a current-voltage curve can be computed in only a few minutes on a standard desktop computer.Comment: 22 pages, 8 figure

    Properties of nonaqueous electrolytes First quarterly report, 20 Jun. - 19 Sep. 1966

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    Solvent purification and water content determined by gas chromatography for nonaqueous electrolyte

    Analytical technique characterizes all trace contaminants in water

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    Properly programmed combination of advanced chemical and physical analytical techniques characterize critically all trace contaminants in both the potable and waste water from the Apollo Command Module. This methodology can also be applied to the investigation of the source of water pollution

    Properties of nonaqueous electrolytes Quarterly report, 20 Sep. - 19 Dec. 1966

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    Vapor phase chromatographic analysis of dimethyl formamide, and physical properties of electrolytes containing lithium chloride and/or aluminum chlorid

    Properties of nonaqueous electrolytes Quarterly report, 20 Dec. 1966 - 19 Mar. 1967

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    Properties of nonaqueous electrolytes - preparation of electrolytes, nuclear magnetic resonance structural studies, and physical property determination

    Formalisation and Implementation of the XACML Access Control Mechanism

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    We propose a formal account of XACML, an OASIS standard adhering to the Policy Based Access Control model for the specifica- tion and enforcement of access control policies. To clarify all ambiguous and intricate aspects of XACML, we provide it with a more manageable alternative syntax and with a solid semantic ground. This lays the basis for developing tools and methodologies which allow software engineers to easily and precisely regulate access to resources using policies. To demonstrate feasibility and effectiveness of our approach, we provide a software tool, supporting the specification and evaluation of policies and access requests, whose implementation fully relies on our formal development

    Prompt energization of relativistic and highly relativistic electrons during a substorm interval: Van Allen Probes observations

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    Abstract On 17 March 2013, a large magnetic storm significantly depleted the multi-MeV radiation belt. We present multi-instrument observations from the Van Allen Probes spacecraft Radiation Belt Storm Probe A and Radiation Belt Storm Probe B at ~6 Re in the midnight sector magnetosphere and from ground-based ionospheric sensors during a substorm dipolarization followed by rapid reenergization of multi-MeV electrons. A 50% increase in magnetic field magnitude occurred simultaneously with dramatic increases in 100 keV electron fluxes and a 100 times increase in VLF wave intensity. The 100 keV electrons and intense VLF waves provide a seed population and energy source for subsequent radiation belt enhancements. Highly relativistic (\u3e2 MeV) electron fluxes increased immediately at L* ~ 4.5 and 4.5 MeV flux increased \u3e90 times at L* = 4 over 5 h. Although plasmasphere expansion brings the enhanced radiation belt multi-MeV fluxes inside the plasmasphere several hours postsubstorm, we localize their prompt reenergization during the event to regions outside the plasmasphere. Key Points Substorm dynamics are important for highly relativistic electron energization Cold plasma preconditioning is significant for rapid relativistic energization Relativistic / highly relativistic electron energization can occur in \u3c 5 hrs

    Systematic derivation of a surface polarization model for planar perovskite solar cells

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    Increasing evidence suggests that the presence of mobile ions in perovskite solar cells can cause a current-voltage curve hysteresis. Steady state and transient current-voltage characteristics of a planar metal halide CH3_3NH3_3PbI3_3 perovskite solar cell are analysed with a drift-diffusion model that accounts for both charge transport and ion vacancy motion. The high ion vacancy density within the perovskite layer gives rise to narrow Debye layers (typical width ∼\sim2nm), adjacent to the interfaces with the transport layers, over which large drops in the electric potential occur and in which significant charge is stored. Large disparities between (I) the width of the Debye layers and that of the perovskite layer (∼\sim600nm) and (II) the ion vacancy density and the charge carrier densities motivate an asymptotic approach to solving the model, while the stiffness of the equations renders standard solution methods unreliable. We derive a simplified surface polarisation model in which the slow ion dynamic are replaced by interfacial (nonlinear) capacitances at the perovskite interfaces. Favourable comparison is made between the results of the asymptotic approach and numerical solutions for a realistic cell over a wide range of operating conditions of practical interest.Comment: 32 pages, 7 figure
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