171 research outputs found

    Simulation study on light ions identification methods for carbon beams from 95 to 400 MeV/A

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    Monte Carlo simulations have been performed in order to evaluate the efficiencies of several light ions identification techniques. The detection system was composed with layers of scintillating material to measure either the deposited energy or the time-of-flight of ions produced by nuclear reactions between 12C projectiles and a PMMA target. Well known techniques such as (DELTA) E--Range, (DELTA) E--E--ToF and (DELTA)E--E are presented and their particle identification efficiencies are compared one to another regarding the generated charge and mass of the particle to be identified. The simulations allowed to change the beam energy matching the ones proposed in an hadron therapy facility, namely from 95 to 400 MeV/A

    Double di ffential fragmentation cross sections measurements of 95 MeV/u 12C on thin targets for hadrontherapy

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    During therapeutic treatment with heavy ions like carbon, the beam undergoes nuclear fragmentation and secondary light charged particles, in particular protons and alpha particles, are produced. To estimate the dose deposited into the tumors and the surrounding healthy tissues, an accurate prediction on the fluences of these secondary fragments is necessary. Nowadays, a very limited set of double di ffential carbon fragmentation cross sections are being measured in the energy range used in hadrontherapy (40 to 400 MeV/u). Therefore, new measurements are performed to determine the double di ffential cross section of carbon on di erent thin targets. This work describes the experimental results of an experiment performed on May 2011 at GANIL. The double di ffential cross sections and the angular distributions of secondary fragments produced in the 12C fragmentation at 95 MeV/u on thin targets (C, CH2, Al, Al2O3, Ti and PMMA) have been measured. The experimental setup will be precisely described, the systematic error study will be explained and all the experimental data will be presented.Comment: Submitted to PR

    Comparison of two analysis methods for nuclear reaction measurements of 12C +12C interactions at 95 MeV/u for hadrontherapy

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    During therapeutic treatment with heavier ions like carbon, the beam undergoes nuclear fragmentation and secondary light charged particles, in particular protons and alpha particles, are produced. To estimate the dose deposited into the tumors and the surrounding healthy tissues, the accuracy must be higher than (±\pm3% and±\pm1 mm). Therefore, measurements are performed to determine the double differential cross section for different reactions. In this paper, the analysis of data from 12C +12C reactions at 95 MeV/u are presented. The emitted particles are detected with \DeltaEthin-\DeltaEthick-E telescopes made of a stack of two silicon detectors and a CsI crystal. Two different methods are used to identify the particles. One is based on graphical cuts onto the \DeltaE-E maps, the second is based on the so-called KaliVeda method using a functional description of \DeltaE versus E. The results of the two methods will be presented in this paper as well as the comparison between both

    Monitoring Of 14 Mev Neutrons

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    Long-lived fission products and minor actinides produced in nuclear power plants are the most radiotoxic nuclear wastes. They can be transmuted into stable nuclei or into nuclei with shorter lifetime thanks to the so-called Accelerator Driven Systems (ADS), consisting of the coupling of an intense high energy proton beam, a spallation target and a sub-critical reactor core. For safety reasons, an on-line and robust measurement of the reactivity during loading and power operation is mandatory. The investigation of the relationship between the current of the accelerator and the power level (or neutron flux) of the reactor appears to be powerful, any change in reactivity being accessible through the measurement of the current and the flux. Such a relationship will be studied in an experiment to be performed at the YALINA facility (JIPNR Sosny - Belarus) in the framework of the EUROTRANS IP (6th^{th} FP). At this installation, 14 MeV neutrons are produced in T(d,n)4^{4}He reactions by a deuteron beam impinging on a TiT target. Due to the tritium consumption over time, the intensity of the deuteron beam cannot be used for the monitoring of the neutron beam. The source neutron yield itself has to be accessed. This contribution describes the performance of a three-element silicon telescope dedicate

    Scandal - A Facility For Elastic Neutron Scattering Studies in the 50-130 MeV Range

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    A facility for detection of scattered neutrons in the energy interval 50−130 MeV, SCANDAL (SCAttered Nucleon Detection AssembLy), is part of the standard detection system at the 20-180 MeV neutron beam facility of the The Svedberg Laboratory, Uppsala. It has primarily been used for studies of elastic neutron scattering, but it has been employed for (n,p) and (n,d) reaction experiments as well. Results of recent experiments are presented to illustrate the performance of the spectrometer. Recently, the facility has been upgraded to perform also (n,Xn') experiments. For this purpose, a new converter, CLODIA, has been developed and installed. Preliminary results of the commissioning of CLODIA will be presented

    A hybrid radiation detector for simultaneous spatial and temporal dosimetry

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    In this feasibility study an organic plastic scintillator is calibrated against ionisation chamber measurements and then embedded in a polymer gel dosimeter to obtain a quasi-4D experimental measurement of a radiation field. This hybrid dosimeter was irradiated with a linear accelerator, with temporal measurements of the dose rate being acquired by the scintillator and spatial measurements acquired with the gel dosimeter. The detectors employed in this work are radiologically equivalent; and we show that neither detector perturbs the intensity of the radiation field of the other. By employing these detectors in concert, spatial and temporal variations in the radiation intensity can now be detected and gel dosimeters can be calibrated for absolute dose from a single irradiation

    A Novel Fast Neutron Detector For Nuclear Data Measurements

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    International audienceAccelerator driven system will use a heavy element target such as lead. Many calculations are available to simulate high-energy spallation neutron induced reactions, but little data are available for comparison with the simulations. In order to constrain the simulation tools we have measured (n,Xn) double differential cross section on different targets at The Svedberg Laboratory, Uppsala, Sweden. For neutron energy above 40 MeV, we have developed a novel detector, CLODIA, based on proton recoil and drift chambers to determine neutron energy. CLODIA (Chamber for LOcalization with DrIft and Amplification) is able to track recoil protons with energy up to 90 MeV with spatial resolution of about one millimeter and a detection efficiency of 99% for each drift chamber. Using CLODIA coupled with the SCANDAL set-up, we have been able to measure double differential (n,Xn) cross section on lead and iron for incident neutron energy in the 40-95 MeV energy region