4,198 research outputs found

    Recycling of Cr/Ni/Cu plating wastes as black ceramic pigments

    Get PDF
    The non-ferrous metal industry, such as Cr/Ni/Cu plating, produces acid sludge which is usually neutralized with lime slurry in batch processes, and the resulting waste is dewatered by vacuum filtration or filter-pressing. Dewatered sludge contains calcium sulphate (CaSO4) coming from the neutralization process, as well as transition metals (Cr, Ni and Cu), oil, grease and suspended solids. In this communication, two residual sludges from Cr/Ni/Cu plating have been dried (110 C) and fired (1100 C), and both dried (gray coloured) and fired powders (black coloured) have been characterized by DTA-TG, XRD and SEMEDX techniques. XRD shows only quartz crystallization in dried samples, while NiCr2O4 chromite spinel and NiO periclase crystallize in fired powders, along with CaSO4 anhydrite and CaSiO3 wollastonite. The powders have been introduced as ceramic pigments into three different conventional glazes: a) a lead bisilicate (PbO.2SiO2) double fire frit (1000 C), b) a double fire frit with low lead content (1000 C), and c) a double fire frit without lead (1050 C). Glazed samples were characterized by UV-Vis-NIR (diffuse reflectance) and CIEL⁄a⁄b⁄ (color parameters). Dried powders induce glaze defects (pin-holing and crawling), but fired powders did not show these faults exhibiting more intense (higher L⁄ ) and yellowish (higher b⁄ ) black colors than the standard spinel

    Molecular studies of the brazilian infectious bronchitis virus isolates.

    Get PDF
    Avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) isolates have been widely characterized by reverse transcription followed by polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing. In present study, these techniques were applied to three viral genomic regions comprising the complete and/or a partial S1 segment, S2 and nucleocapsid genes. DNA sequences from viral isolates obtained from 1972 to 1989 and from 2006 to 2008 were compared. High similarity (>90%) was observed among some of the genomic segments, including S1 hypervariable region, which could suggest a common origin or ancestry. DNA sequences from S2 and N protein genes obtained from different infected tissues of the same flock were analyzed, and a clear segregation between respiratory and intestinal tract was observed. Therefore, these data suggest cocirculation of more than one viral strain in the same flock. 57.1% of DNA sequences from the S1 complete segment samples, 53.3% from the S2 fragment and 62.5% from the partial N gene were found to be different from analyzed sequences from reference strains leading to the conclusion that parte of viral isolates included in this study may be considered region specific. Considering the simultaneous analysis of the three genes, a large IBV genetic profile was observed in both old and recent isolates groups. However, most prominent diversity between viral isolates was obtained in the period from 1972 and 1989, showing the presence of a large number of variants in the state of Minas Gerais before the official approval of vaccination (1980)

    Precise measurement of the W-boson mass with the CDF II detector

    Get PDF
    We have measured the W-boson mass MW using data corresponding to 2.2/fb of integrated luminosity collected in proton-antiproton collisions at 1.96 TeV with the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. Samples consisting of 470126 W->enu candidates and 624708 W->munu candidates yield the measurement MW = 80387 +- 12 (stat) +- 15 (syst) = 80387 +- 19 MeV. This is the most precise measurement of the W-boson mass to date and significantly exceeds the precision of all previous measurements combined

    Search for the standard model Higgs boson in the H to ZZ to 2l 2nu channel in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV

    Get PDF
    A search for the standard model Higgs boson in the H to ZZ to 2l 2nu decay channel, where l = e or mu, in pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV is presented. The data were collected at the LHC, with the CMS detector, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 4.6 inverse femtobarns. No significant excess is observed above the background expectation, and upper limits are set on the Higgs boson production cross section. The presence of the standard model Higgs boson with a mass in the 270-440 GeV range is excluded at 95% confidence level.Comment: Submitted to JHE

    Measurement of the t t-bar production cross section in the dilepton channel in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV