65 research outputs found

    Electroactive biofilms: new means for electrochemistry

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    This work demonstrates that electrochemical reactions can be catalysed by the natural biofilms that form on electrode surfaces dipping into drinking water or compost. In drinking water, oxygen reduction was monitored with stainless steel ultra-microelectrodes under constant potential electrolysis at )0.30 V/SCE for 13 days. 16 independent experiments were conducted in drinking water, either pure or with the addition of acetate or dextrose. In most cases, the current increased and reached 1.5–9.5 times the initial current. The current increase was attributed to biofilm forming on the electrode in a similar way to that has been observed in seawater. Epifluorescence microscopy showed that the bacteria size and the biofilm morphology depended on the nutrients added, but no quantitative correlation between biofilm morphology and current was established. In compost, the oxidation process was investigated using a titanium based electrode under constant polarisation in the range 0.10–0.70 V/SCE. It was demonstrated that the indigenous micro-organisms were responsible for the current increase observed after a few days, up to 60 mA m)2. Adding 10 mM acetate to the compost amplified the current density to 145 mA m)2 at 0.50 V/SCE. The study suggests that many natural environments, other than marine sediments, waste waters and seawaters that have been predominantly investigated until now, may be able to produce electrochemically active biofilm

    Application of Multi-Barrier Membrane Filtration Technologies to Reclaim Municipal Wastewater for Industrial Use

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    Cell surface physico chemistry alters biofilm development of Pseudomonas aeruginosa lipopolysaccharide mutants

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    The hydrophobic and electrostatic characteristics of bacterial cell surfaces were compared with attachment proclivity and biomass accumulation over time between wildtype Pseudomonas aeruginosa serotype O6 (possesses A and B band LPS), and three LPS-deficient mutants, vi;. A28 (A(+)B(-)), R5 (A(+)B(-)), and Gt700 (A(-)B(-)). The hydrophobic character of each serotype was determined by hydrophobic interaction chromatography and salt-aggregation, and strains were ranked similarly by each method, viz. R5 greater than or equal to A28 > Gt700 > O6. The anionic characteristics of cell-surfaces were determined by electrostatic interaction chromatography and by zeta-potential measurements, and ranked R5 > A28 greater than or equal to Gt700 > O6. Adhesion and biofilm accumulation on stainless steel were significantly different between strains, following the order R5 > A28 much greater than O6 > Gt700. Biofilm rankings were similar on glass, a second hydrophilic substratum. The mutant strains with a strongly hydrophobic character (R5 and A28) demonstrated a significantly greater capacity to form biofilms. These adherent mutants also appeared to have a more anionic cell surface, which may have played a role in biofilm formation on the hydrophilic substrata

    Trinkwasserdesinfektion in der Praxis Dokumentation zum 12. Muelheimer Wassertechnischen Seminar

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    Available from TIB Hannover: RO 7208(23) / FIZ - Fachinformationszzentrum Karlsruhe / TIB - Technische InformationsbibliothekSIGLEDEGerman
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