921 research outputs found

    Perspectivas para o marco legal do terceiro setor

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    A exist√™ncia de um ambiente regulat√≥rio moderno, claro e est√°vel √© fator fundamental para promover a expans√£o e a qualifica√ß√£o do investimento social privado no Brasil. Com base nessa premissa, o GIFE -- Grupo de Institutos, Funda√ß√Ķes e Empresas desenvolve, desde 2003, a√ß√Ķes com o objetivo de contribuir para o aperfei√ßoamento da legisla√ß√£o brasileira do terceiro setor, construindo um ambiente mais favor√°vel ao investimento social e √† atua√ß√£o das organiza√ß√Ķes da sociedade civil. Essa publica√ß√£o tem como objetivo orientar a atua√ß√£o de advocacy do GIFE

    Las iatrogenias en las unidades de terapia intensiva: lo dramático de los problemas bioéticos contemporáneos

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    Se trata de una investigaci√≥n cualitativa, fundamentada en la perspectiva foucaultiana con aproximaciones en el referencial te√≥rico post-estructuralista, explora las iatrogenias como una de las tensiones en el hacer/saber enfermer√≠a que pueden ser discursivamente articuladas a la bio√©tica y a la tecnobiomedicina. Las fuentes documentales y de entrevistas con enfermeros intensivistas permitieron activar una reflexi√≥n sobre el actuar del enfermero en un contexto impregnado por la posibilidad siempre latente de fallar tanto en el procedimiento, como en la conducta y, a partir de esta posibilidad, estos profesionales encuentra que es su obligaci√≥n corregir esta falla no tanto o no apenas en el conocimiento, no tanto o no apenas en la ley, pero m√°s bien en la pr√°ctica de s√≠ mismo.This qualitative investigation, based in Foucauldian analysis with approximations to the post-structuralism theoretical framework, explores iatrogenesis as one of the tensions in the nursing to do/to know which can be discursively articulated to bioethics and to technobiomedicine. The documentary sources and intensive interviews with nurses, permitted the activation of a reflection on the act of the nurse in a context permeated by the ever-present possibility of failure in both the procedure and in the conduct and, from this possibility, they should meet their obligation to correct this failure not so much or not only in knowledge, not so much or not only in law but in practice itself.Esta √© uma investiga√ß√£o qualitativa, balizada na anal√≠tica foucaultiana com aproxima√ß√Ķes ao referencial te√≥rico p√≥s-estruturalista, explora as iatrogenias como uma das tens√Ķes no fazer/saber enfermagem que podem ser discursivamente articuladas √† bio√©tica e √† tecnobiomedicina. As fontes documentais e de entrevistas com enfermeiros(as) intensivistas permitiram ativar reflex√£o sobre o agir do(a) enfermeiro(a) em contexto permeado pela possibilidade, sempre latente, de falhar tanto no procedimento como na conduta, e, a partir dessa possibilidade, ele(a) encontra sua obriga√ß√£o de corrigir essa falha n√£o tanto ou n√£o apenas no conhecimento, n√£o tanto ou n√£o apenas na lei, mas na pr√°tica de si mesmo

    Mapa de solu√ß√Ķes inovadoras: gest√£o de neg√≥cios sociais e inclusivos

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    O Instituto Walmart, em parceria com a Ashoka, d√° in√≠cio ao Mapa de Solu√ß√Ķes Inovadoras -- Tend√™ncias de Empreendedores na Constru√ß√£o de Neg√≥cios Sociais e Inclusivos. O projeto em quest√£o busca sistematizar e disseminar conhecimentos sobre a pr√°tica de empreendedores que, de forma inovadora, t√™m constru√≠do no Brasil neg√≥cios sociais e/ou inclusivos. Considerando que uma economia de colabora√ß√£o √© a √ļnica capaz de enfrentar os desafios de uma nova economia, mais verde e inclusiva, a Ashoka e o Walmart convidam voc√™ a refletir sobre os desafios reais, as barreiras e as oportunidades para empreendedores, que podem se transformar em uma ferramenta √≥tima de gest√£o de novos sistemas integrados de atua√ß√£o social

    The Evolution of Temporal and Spatial Patterns of Carbon Monoxide Concentrations in the Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo, Brazil

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    The Environmental Agency of Sao Paulo has a large dataset of carbon monoxide measurements: 20 years of records in 18 automatic stations inside the metropolitan area. However, a thorough investigation on the time evolution of CO concentration tendency and cycles also considering spatial variability is lacking. The investigation consists of a trend line analysis, a periodogram analysis, a correlation between CO concentration and meteorological variables, and spatial distribution of CO concentration. Local and federal policies helped in decreasing CO concentrations and the highest decreasing rate was 0.7% per month. This tendency is lately stabilizing, since the vehicles fleet is increasing. CO most relevant cycles are annual and diurnal and a few series indicate a weekly cycle. Diurnal cycle shows two peaks, morning and evening rush hours, 1.2 and 1.1‚ÄČppm, respectively, in 2012. However, lately there is an extended evening peak (20‚ÄČh to 23‚ÄČh), related to changes in emission patterns. The spatial analysis showed that CO concentration has high spatial variability and is influenced by proximity to heavy traffic and vegetated areas. The present work indicates that several processes affect CO concentration and these results form a valuable basis for other studies involving air quality modeling, mitigation, and urban planning

    Associação entre distresse moral e elementos apoiadores da deliberação moral em enfermeiros

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    Objetivo: identificar a associa√ß√£o entre o distresse moral e os elementos apoiadores da delibera√ß√£o moral em enfermeiros brasileiros. M√©todo: estudo transversal realizado com enfermeiros brasileiros atuantes em servi√ßos de sa√ļde de diferentes n√≠veis de complexidade. O protocolo de pesquisa constituiu-se da Escala Brasileira de Distresse Moral em Enfermeiros, question√°rio sociodemogr√°fico e laboral, e uma lista de bases e elementos √©ticos utilizados para delibera√ß√£o moral. Para an√°lise empregou-se estat√≠stica descritiva, teste do qui-quadrado e regress√£o de Poisson. Resultados: participaram do estudo 1.226 enfermeiros. Os 12 elementos associados ao processo de delibera√ß√£o moral foram classificados com import√Ęncia para atua√ß√£o dos enfermeiros, destacando-se a experi√™ncia profissional adquirida, C√≥digo de √Čtica/Lei do Exerc√≠cio profissional, e, princ√≠pios √©ticos e bio√©ticos. A rela√ß√£o do distresse moral evidenciou maiores preval√™ncias nos elementos Cren√ßas, cultura e valores do paciente, Cren√ßas e valores pessoais e, Intui√ß√£o e Subjetividade. Conclus√£o: os resultados apontaram um equil√≠brio entre crit√©rios subjetivos da experi√™ncia profissional e objetivos da deontologia para a delibera√ß√£o moral.Objetivo: identificar la asociaci√≥n entre el distr√©s moral y los elementos de apoyo de la deliberaci√≥n moral en los enfermeros brasile√Īas. M√©todo: estudio transversal realizado con enfermeros brasile√Īos que trabajan en servicios de salud de diferentes niveles de complejidad. El protocolo de investigaci√≥n consisti√≥ en la Escala Brasile√Īa de Distr√©s Moral en Enfermeros, un cuestionario sociodemogr√°fico y laboral, y una lista de bases y elementos √©ticos utilizados para la deliberaci√≥n moral. Para el an√°lisis, se utiliz√≥ estad√≠stica descriptiva, prueba de chi-cuadrado y regresi√≥n de Poisson. Resultados: 1.226 enfermeros participaron en el estudio. Los 12 elementos asociados con el proceso de deliberaci√≥n moral se clasificaron como importantes para el desempe√Īo de los enfermeros, destacando la experiencia profesional adquirida, el C√≥digo de √Čtica/Derecho de Pr√°ctica Profesional y los principios √©ticos y bio√©ticos. La relaci√≥n de distr√©s moral mostr√≥ una mayor prevalencia en los elementos Creencias, cultura y valores del paciente, Creencias y valores personales y, Intuici√≥n y Subjetividad. Conclusi√≥n: los resultados mostraron un equilibrio entre los criterios subjetivos de la experiencia profesional y los objetivos de √©tica para la deliberaci√≥n moral.Objective: to identify the association between moral distress and the supporting elements of moral deliberation in Brazilian nurses. Method: a cross-sectional study conducted with Brazilian nurses working in health services at different complexity levels. The research protocol consisted of the Brazilian Scale of Moral Distress in Nurses, a sociodemographic and labor questionnaire, and a list of bases and ethical elements used for moral deliberation. For analysis, descriptive statistics, chi-square test, and Poisson regression were used. Results: 1,226 nurses took part in the study. The 12 elements associated with the moral deliberation process were classified as important for nurses‚Äô actions, especially the professional experience acquired, code of ethics/law of professional practice, and ethical and bioethical principles. The relationship of moral distress showed higher prevalence in the Beliefs, culture and values of the patient, Beliefs and personal values, and Intuition and Subjectivity elements. Conclusion: the results showed a balance between the subjective criteria of professional experience and the objective ones of deontology for moral deliberation

    Antifungal Potential of Hibiscus Tea and Fermented Kombucha

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    Kombucha is a beverage fermented by a symbiosis of bacteria and yeast from teas. Secondary fermentations can be made using vegetables, such as hibiscus for example. In addition to providing a different flavor, the kombucha fermented with hibiscus can provide functional properties such as antimicrobial and antioxidant action. Botrytis cinerea causes gray rot in fruits and is difficult to control due to resistance to chemicals. The objective of this work was to evaluate the antifungal activity of the 1st fermentation of kombucha (F1), the 2nd fermentation of kombucha with hibiscus (F2H) and hibiscus tea against the fungus Botrytis cinerea for a possible alternative for fungal control in strawberries. B. cinerea was inoculated in PDA medium at concentrations of 50 %, 25 %, 12.5 %, and 6.25 % of hibiscus tea and fermented kombucha and evaluated after seven days for mycelial growth, verified by its diameter. PDA without added tea or kombucha was used as a control. Strawberries were steeped in an aqueous solution of hibiscus tea and fermented into kombucha. The results showed inhibition of the mycelial growth of B. cinerea in the media with concentrations of 50 % and 25 % of kombucha (F1 and F2H) and hibiscus tea, where the inhibition for F1 was 88.9 % and 46.7 %. For F2H, it was 58.9 % and 20 %. And for hibiscus tea, it was 21.1 % and 12.2 %, respectively. When these pure compounds were applied by immersion on strawberries and stored at 15 ¬įC, there were signs of reduced external deterioration, with hibiscus tea showing better control

    Pervasive gaps in Amazonian ecological research

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    Biodiversity loss is one of the main challenges of our time,1,2 and attempts to address it require a clear un derstanding of how ecological communities respond to environmental change across time and space.3,4 While the increasing availability of global databases on ecological communities has advanced our knowledge of biodiversity sensitivity to environmental changes,5‚Äď7 vast areas of the tropics remain understudied.8‚Äď11 In the American tropics, Amazonia stands out as the world‚Äôs most diverse rainforest and the primary source of Neotropical biodiversity,12 but it remains among the least known forests in America and is often underrepre sented in biodiversity databases.13‚Äď15 To worsen this situation, human-induced modifications16,17 may elim inate pieces of the Amazon‚Äôs biodiversity puzzle before we can use them to understand how ecological com munities are responding. To increase generalization and applicability of biodiversity knowledge,18,19 it is thus crucial to reduce biases in ecological research, particularly in regions projected to face the most pronounced environmental changes. We integrate ecological community metadata of 7,694 sampling sites for multiple or ganism groups in a machine learning model framework to map the research probability across the Brazilian Amazonia, while identifying the region‚Äôs vulnerability to environmental change. 15%‚Äď18% of the most ne glected areas in ecological research are expected to experience severe climate or land use changes by 2050. This means that unless we take immediate action, we will not be able to establish their current status, much less monitor how it is changing and what is being lostinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersio

    Anais do V Encontro Brasileiro de Educomunica√ß√£o: Educa√ß√£o midi√°tica e pol√≠ticas p√ļblicas

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    A presente colet√Ęnea, que chega ao p√ļblico atrav√©s de um suporte digital, tem como objetivo disponibilizar os papers, bem como os relatos de experi√™ncias educomunicativas apresentados durante o V ENCONTRO BRASILEIRO DE EDUCOMUNICA√á√ÉO, que teve como tema central: ‚ÄúEduca√ß√£o Midi√°tica e Pol√≠ticas P√ļblicas‚ÄĚ. O evento foi realizado em S√£o Paulo, entre 19 e 21 de setembro de 2013, a partir de uma parceria entre o NCE/USP - N√ļcleo de Comunica√ß√£o e Educa√ß√£o da USP, a Licenciatura em Educomunica√ß√£o da ECA/USP, a ABPEducom ‚Äď Associa√ß√£o Brasileira de Pesquisadores e Profissionais da Educomunica√ß√£o e a FAPCOM ‚Äď Faculdade Paulus de Tecnologia e Comunica√ß√£o, que ofereceu seu campus, na Vila Mariana, para os atos do evento. Os presentes anais disponibilizam o texto de abertura, de autoria do coordenador geral do evento, denominado ‚ÄúEduca√ß√£o midi√°tica e pol√≠ticas p√ļblicas: vertentes hist√≥ricas da emerg√™ncia da Educomunica√ß√£o na Am√©rica Latina‚ÄĚ. Na sequ√™ncia, apresentam 61 papers sobre aspectos espec√≠ficos da tem√°tica geral, resultantes de pesquisas na √°rea, seguidos de 27 relatos de pr√°ticas educomunicativas, em n√≠vel nacional

    Pervasive gaps in Amazonian ecological research

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