24,296 research outputs found

    Path-integral over non-linearly realized groups and Hierarchy solutions

    Get PDF
    The technical problem of deriving the full Green functions of the elementary pion fields of the nonlinear sigma model in terms of ancestor amplitudes involving only the flat connection and the nonlinear sigma model constraint is a very complex task. In this paper we solve this problem by integrating, order by order in the perturbative loop expansion, the local functional equation derived from the invariance of the SU(2) Haar measure under local left multiplication. This yields the perturbative definition of the path-integral over the non-linearly realized SU(2) group.Comment: 26 page

    Learning Visual Attributes

    Get PDF
    We present a probabilistic generative model of visual attributes, together with an efficient learning algorithm. Attributes are visual qualities of objects, such as ‘red’, ‘striped’, or ‘spotted’. The model sees attributes as patterns of image segments, repeatedly sharing some characteristic properties. These can be any combination of appearance, shape, or the layout of segments within the pattern. Moreover, attributes with general appearance are taken into account, such as the pattern of alternation of any two colors which is characteristic for stripes. To enable learning from unsegmented training images, the model is learnt discriminatively, by optimizing a likelihood ratio. As demonstrated in the experimental evaluation, our model can learn in a weakly supervised setting and encompasses a broad range of attributes. We show that attributes can be learnt starting from a text query to Google image search, and can then be used to recognize the attribute and determine its spatial extent in novel real-world images.

    Regularity of quasi-stationary measures for simple exclusion in dimension d >= 5

    Full text link
    We consider the symmetric simple exclusion process on Z^d, for d>= 5, and study the regularity of the quasi-stationary measures of the dynamics conditionned on not occupying the origin. For each \rho\in ]0,1[, we establish uniqueness of the density of quasi-stationary measures in L^2(d\nur), where \nur is the stationary measure of density \rho. This, in turn, permits us to obtain sharp estimates for P_{\nur}(\tau>t), where \tau is the first time the origin is occupied.Comment: 18 pages. Corrections after referee report. To be published in Ann Proba