622 research outputs found

    A Probe of Colored Medium Effects on Quarkonia Polarization in √s = 7 TeV pp collisions at CMS

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    The suppression of quarkonia mesons is one of the signature indications of the presence of a quark-gluon plasma, the colored, asymptotically free state of matter believed to have existed moments after the Big Bang, and recreated by colliding heavy-ions. Two S-wave charmonia states, the J/ψ and the ψ(2S), along with three S-wave bottomonia states, the ΄(1S), ΄(2S), and ΄(3S), have been studied in heavy-ion collisions at both the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider and the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), showing clear sequential suppression patterns, with the most tightly bound states less suppressed than the others, relative to scaled proton-proton (pp) collisions. Yet, the results remain difficult to interpret, owing to a combination of complicated feed-down processes from P-wave χ states, as well as regeneration of quarkonia occurring well after the initial collision. Further, the basic production mechanism of quarkonia is still far from certain, leaving open the possibility that changing mechanisms could affect the scaling of pp yields. This thesis aims to be the first in a line of studies into the effects of a colored medium on the basic production mechanism of quarkonia by measuring quarkonia polarization. Polarization can be measured using the angular distributions of dimuons emanating from quarkonia decays, and the Compact Muon Solenoid detector is well suited for these measurements. The polarizations of the three ΄(nS) and two ψ(nS) states were measured versus event multiplicity using a dimuon data sample collected during the 2011 LHC run of √s = 7 TeV pp collisions, with a total integrated luminosity of 4.9 fb−1. The measurements were integrated over the available rapidity range, for transverse momentum up to 35 GeV/c. All quarkonia states showed small polarizations, which were cross checked across several reference frames, and are consistent with multiplicity-integrated analyses. In the states for which a precise measurement could be made, the J/ψ and the ΄(1S), there was no variation with multiplicity, but these states are strongly affected by feed-down, preventing any definitive conclusions. Ultimately, this study leads the way for a polarization measurement in heavy-ion collisions, which would provide a more decisive look into the affect of a colored medium on quarkonium production


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    International audienceIn this paper we propose a new approach for height retrieval using multi-channel SAR interferometry. It combines patch-based estimation and total variation regularization to provide a regularized height estimate. The non-local likelihood term adaptation relies on NL-SAR method, and the global optimization is realized through graph-cut minimization. The method is evaluated both with synthetic and real experiments

    Optimasi Portofolio Resiko Menggunakan Model Markowitz MVO Dikaitkan dengan Keterbatasan Manusia dalam Memprediksi Masa Depan dalam Perspektif Al-Qur`an

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    Risk portfolio on modern finance has become increasingly technical, requiring the use of sophisticated mathematical tools in both research and practice. Since companies cannot insure themselves completely against risk, as human incompetence in predicting the future precisely that written in Al-Quran surah Luqman verse 34, they have to manage it to yield an optimal portfolio. The objective here is to minimize the variance among all portfolios, or alternatively, to maximize expected return among all portfolios that has at least a certain expected return. Furthermore, this study focuses on optimizing risk portfolio so called Markowitz MVO (Mean-Variance Optimization). Some theoretical frameworks for analysis are arithmetic mean, geometric mean, variance, covariance, linear programming, and quadratic programming. Moreover, finding a minimum variance portfolio produces a convex quadratic programming, that is minimizing the objective function ðð„with constraintsð ð ð„ „ ðandðŽð„ = ð. The outcome of this research is the solution of optimal risk portofolio in some investments that could be finished smoothly using MATLAB R2007b software together with its graphic analysis

    Search for heavy resonances decaying to two Higgs bosons in final states containing four b quarks