531 research outputs found

### Tests of Power Corrections for Event Shapes in e+e- Annihilation

A study of perturbative QCD calculations combined with power corrections to
model hadronisation effects is presented. The QCD predictions are fitted to
differential distributions and mean values of event shape observables measured
in e+e- annihilation at centre-of-mass energies from 14 to 189 GeV. We
investigate the event shape observables thrust, heavy jet mass, C-parameter,
total and wide jet broadening and differential 2-jet rate and observe a good
description of the data by the QCD predictions. The strong coupling constant
alpha_S(M_Z) and the free parameter of the power correction calculations
alpha_0(2 GeV) are measured to be alpha_S(M_Z) = 0.1171 +/- 0.0032/0.0020 and
alpha_0(2 GeV) = 0.513 +/- 0.066/0.045. The predicted universality of alpha_0
is confirmed within the uncertainties of the measurements.Comment: 28 pages, LaTeX2e, 21 .eps-files included, accepted by Eur. Phys. J.

### Study of moments of event shapes in e+e- annihilation using JADE data

Data from e+e- annihilation into hadrons collected by the JADE experiment at
centre-of-mass energies between 14 GeV and 44 GeV were used to study moments of
event shape distributions. The data were compared with Monte Carlo models and
with predictions from QCD NLO order calculations. The strong coupling constant
measured from the moments is alpha_S(M_Z) = 0.1286 +/- 0.0007 (stat) +/- 0.0011
(expt) +/- 0.0022 (had) +/- 0.0068 (theo), alpha_S(M_Z) = 0.1286 +/- 0.0072
(total error), consistent with the world average. However, systematic
deficiencies in the QCD NLO order predictions are visible for some of the
higher moments.Comment: JADE note 147 submitted as contributed paper to ICHEP 2004, corrected
statistical error of 6 observable average and several typo

### Measurement of the Strong Coupling Constant alpha_S from the Four-Jet Rate in e+e- Annihilation using JADE data

Data from e+e- annihilation into hadrons collected by the JADE experiment at
centre-of-mass energies between 14 GeV and 44 GeV were used to study the
four-jet rate as a function of the Durham algorithm's resolution parameter
y_cut. The four-jet rate was compared to a QCD NLO order calculations including
NLLA resummation of large logarithms. The strong coupling constant measured
from the four-jet rate is alpha_S(M_Z) = 0.1169 +/- 0.0004 (stat) +/- 0.0012
(expt) +/- 0.0021 (had) +/- 0.0007 (theo), alpha_S(M_Z) = 0.1169 +/- 0.0026
(total error) in agreement with the world average.Comment: JADE note 146 submitted as contributed paper to ICHEP 200

### A Measurement of the QCD Colour Factors using Event Shape Distributions at sqrt(s)=14 GeV to 189 GeV

Measurements of the QCD colour factors C_A and C_F and of the number of
active quark flavours n_f in the process e+e- -> hadrons at high energy are
presented. They are based on fits of O(alpha_S**2)+NLLA QCD calculations to
distributions of the event shape observables 1-T, C, B_T and B_W measured at
centre-of-mass energies from 14 GeV to 189 GeV. Hadronisation effects are
approximated with power correction calculations which also depend on the QCD
gauge structure. In this approach potential biases from hadronisation models
are reduced. Our results for individually measured quantities are n_f = 5.64 +-
1.35, C_A = 2.88 +- 0.27 and C_F = 1.45 +- 0.27 in good agreement with QCD
based on the SU(3) symmetry group where n_f=5 for the energies considered here,
C_A=3 and C_F=4/3. From simultaneous fits of C_A and C_F we find C_A = 2.84 +-
0.24 and C_F = 1.29 +- 0.18, which is also in good agreement with the QCD
expectation.Comment: accepted by European Journal of Physics

### The resummed thrust distribution in DIS

We present preliminary results on the resummation of leading and
next-to-leading logarithms for the thrust distribution in deep inelastic
scattering. Our predictions, expanded to O(alpha_s^2), are compared to
corresponding results from the Monte Carlo programs DISASTER++ and DISENT.Comment: 5 pages; talk presented by V. Antonelli at the UK Phenomenology
Workshop on Collider Physics, September 1999, St. John's College, Durha

### Event shapes in e+e- annihilation and deep inelastic scattering

This article reviews the status of event-shape studies in e+e- annihilation
and DIS. It includes discussions of perturbative calculations, of various
approaches to modelling hadronisation and of comparisons to data.Comment: Invited topical review for J.Phys.G; 40 pages; revised version
corrects some nomenclatur

### Determination of the Jet Energy Scale at the Collider Detector at Fermilab

A precise determination of the energy scale of jets at the Collider Detector
at Fermilab at the Tevatron $p\bar{p}$ collider is described. Jets are used in
many analyses to estimate the energies of partons resulting from the underlying
physics process. Several correction factors are developed to estimate the
original parton energy from the observed jet energy in the calorimeter. The jet
energy response is compared between data and Monte Carlo simulation for various
physics processes, and systematic uncertainties on the jet energy scale are
determined. For jets with transverse momenta above 50 GeV the jet energy scale
is determined with a 3% systematic uncertainty

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