1,439 research outputs found

    Observation of charge asymmetry dependence of pion elliptic flow and the possible chiral magnetic wave in heavy-ion collisions

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    We present measurements of π−\pi^- and π+\pi^+ elliptic flow, v2v_2, at midrapidity in Au+Au collisions at sNN=\sqrt{s_{_{\rm NN}}} = 200, 62.4, 39, 27, 19.6, 11.5 and 7.7 GeV, as a function of event-by-event charge asymmetry, AchA_{ch}, based on data from the STAR experiment at RHIC. We find that π−\pi^- (π+\pi^+) elliptic flow linearly increases (decreases) with charge asymmetry for most centrality bins at sNN=27 GeV\sqrt{s_{_{\rm NN}}} = \text{27 GeV} and higher. At sNN=200 GeV\sqrt{s_{_{\rm NN}}} = \text{200 GeV}, the slope of the difference of v2v_2 between π−\pi^- and π+\pi^+ as a function of AchA_{ch} exhibits a centrality dependence, which is qualitatively similar to calculations that incorporate a chiral magnetic wave effect. Similar centrality dependence is also observed at lower energies.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figure

    Observation of Transverse Spin-Dependent Azimuthal Correlations of Charged Pion Pairs in p↑+pp^\uparrow+p at s=200\sqrt{s}=200 GeV

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    We report the observation of transverse polarization-dependent azimuthal correlations in charged pion pair production with the STAR experiment in p↑+pp^\uparrow+p collisions at RHIC. These correlations directly probe quark transversity distributions. We measure signals in excess of five standard deviations at high transverse momenta, at high pseudorapidities eta>0.5, and for pair masses around the mass of the rho-meson. This is the first direct transversity measurement in p+p collisions. Comparing the results to data from lepton-nucleon scattering will test the universality of these spin-dependent quantities.Comment: 11 pages, 5 figures, 15 tables. Submitted to PR
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