2,966 research outputs found

    Magnetic phase diagram of the Hubbard model

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    The competition between commensurate and incommensurate spin-density-wave phases in the infinite-dimensional single-band Hubbard model is examined with quantum Monte Carlo simulation and strong and weak coupling approximations. Quantum fluctuations modify the weak-coupling phase diagram by factors of order unity and produce remarkable agreement with the quantum Monte Carlo data, but strong-coupling theories (that map onto effective Falicov-Kimball models) display pathological behavior. The single-band model can be used to describe much of the experimental data in Cr and its dilute alloys with V and Mn.Comment: 12 pages plus 3 uuencoded postscript figures, ReVTe

    Decay of accelerated particles

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    We study how the decay properties of particles are changed by acceleration. It is shown that under the influence of acceleration (1) the lifetime of particles is modified and (2) new processes (like the decay of the proton) become possible. This is illustrated by considering scalar models for the decay of muons, pions, and protons. We discuss the close conceptual relation between these processes and the Unruh effect.Comment: Latex2e, 12 pages, 6 Postscript figures included with epsfig, to appear in Phys. Rev.

    Correcting the polarization effect in low frequency Dielectric Spectroscopy

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    We demonstrate a simple and robust methodology for measuring and analyzing the polarization impedance appearing at interface between electrodes and ionic solutions, in the frequency range from 1 to 10610^6 Hz. The method assumes no particular behavior of the electrode polarization impedance and it only makes use of the fact that the polarization effect dies out with frequency. The method allows a direct and un-biased measurement of the polarization impedance, whose behavior with the applied voltages and ionic concentration is methodically investigated. Furthermore, based on the previous findings, we propose a protocol for correcting the polarization effect in low frequency Dielectric Spectroscopy measurements of colloids. This could potentially lead to the quantitative resolution of the α\alpha-dispersion regime of live cells in suspension
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