1,657 research outputs found

    Interactions of hadrons in the CALICE SiW ECAL prototype

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    This article presents results of test beams obtained for pions with energies between 2 and 10 GeV which interact in the volume of the highly granular CALICE Silicon-Tungsten electromagnetic calorimeter prototype (SiW ECAL). An algorithm optimised to find interactions in the SiW ECAL at small hadron energies is developed. This allows identifying the interaction point in the calorimeter at an efficiency between 62% and 83% depending on the energy of the primary particle. The unprecedented granularity of the SiW ECAL allows for the distinction between different interaction types. This in turn permits more detailed examinations of hadronic models than was possible with traditional calorimeters. So far, it is possible to disentangle minimum ionising particle (MIP) events, elastic π-nucleus scattering and spallation reactions which lead to the start of a internuclear cascade or which result in a small number of highly ionising particles. Various observables are compared with predictions from hadronic physics lists as contained in the simulation toolkit geant4

    DijetGAN:A Generative-Adversarial Network Approach for the Simulation of QCD Dijet Events at the LHC

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    A Generative-Adversarial Network (GAN) based on convolutional neural networks is used to simulate the production of pairs of jets at the LHC. The GAN is trained on events generated using MadGraph5 + Pythia8, and Delphes3 fast detector simulation. We demonstrate that a number of kinematic distributions both at Monte Carlo truth level and after the detector simulation can be reproduced by the generator network with a very good level of agreement. The code can be checked out or forked from the publicly accessible online repository https://gitlab.cern.ch/disipio/DiJetGAN .Comment: 17 pages, 8 figure

    Low contrast imaging with a GaAs pixel digital detector

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    A digital mammography system based on a GaAs pixel detector has been developed by the INFN (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare) collaboration MED46. The high atomic number makes the GaAs a very efficient material for low energy X-ray detection (10-30 keV is the typical energy range used in mammography). Low contrast details can be detected with a significant dose reduction to the patient. The system presented in this paper consists of a 4096 pixel matrix built on a 200 μm thick semi-insulating GaAs substrate. The pixel size is 170×170 μm2 for a total active area of 1.18 cm2 . The detector is bump-bonded to a VLSI front-end chip which implements a single-photon counting architecture. This feature allows to enhance the radiographic contrast detection with respect to charge integrating devices. The system has been tested by using a standard mammographic tube. Images of mammographic phantoms will be presented and compared with radiographs obtained with traditional film/screen systems. Monte Carlo simulations have been also performed to evaluate the imaging capability of the system. Comparison with simulations and experimental results will be shown

    Measurement of the cross-section and charge asymmetry of WW bosons produced in proton-proton collisions at s=8\sqrt{s}=8 TeV with the ATLAS detector

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    This paper presents measurements of the W+μ+νW^+ \rightarrow \mu^+\nu and WμνW^- \rightarrow \mu^-\nu cross-sections and the associated charge asymmetry as a function of the absolute pseudorapidity of the decay muon. The data were collected in proton--proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the ATLAS experiment at the LHC and correspond to a total integrated luminosity of 20.2~\mbox{fb^{-1}}. The precision of the cross-section measurements varies between 0.8% to 1.5% as a function of the pseudorapidity, excluding the 1.9% uncertainty on the integrated luminosity. The charge asymmetry is measured with an uncertainty between 0.002 and 0.003. The results are compared with predictions based on next-to-next-to-leading-order calculations with various parton distribution functions and have the sensitivity to discriminate between them.Comment: 38 pages in total, author list starting page 22, 5 figures, 4 tables, submitted to EPJC. All figures including auxiliary figures are available at https://atlas.web.cern.ch/Atlas/GROUPS/PHYSICS/PAPERS/STDM-2017-13

    Search for chargino-neutralino production with mass splittings near the electroweak scale in three-lepton final states in √s=13 TeV pp collisions with the ATLAS detector