8 research outputs found

    Intellectual values and epistemological understanding of middle school students in Indonesia

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    The main purpose of education is developing students’ competence and disposition to seek knowledge by themselves. Intellectual values was proposed as one of constructs that explain students’ disposition to acquire knowledge and refers to how people perceive the value of intellectual activities. This study aimed to get an initial description of how middle school students in Indonesia value the intellectual activities. The thinking of middle school students are generally based on absolutist or multiplist level of epistemological understanding. Before achieve evaluativist level, intellectual activities are assumed to be irrelevant or unnecessary. Thus it was predicted that intellectual activities is less appreciated among middle school students. Sixty eight middle school students, 12-15 old years, gave their responses to three questions about intellectual values. The early prediction is supported among this sample. It was found that only 24% of students consistently endorsing discussion in all three questions. Most of reasons given for endorsing discussion are still based on the absolutist or multiplist,  only few students indicate the thinking of evaluativist level of epistemological understanding

    The Impact of Academic Stress and Spiritual Intelligence on Subjective Well-Being in Students During the Pandemic Period

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    The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a shift in the learning system from offline to online. Online learning in the long term can affect the subjective well-being of students. Several previous studies have linked students’ subjective well-being with academic stress or spiritual intelligence. Thus far, studies have not examined whether academic stress and spiritual intelligence can simultaneously contribute to students’ subjective well-being. This research intended to determine the contribution of academic stress and spiritual intelligence to students’ subjective well-being. 116 students in one municipality in East Java province completed three measuring instruments, specifically the subjective well-being scale, academic stress scale, and spiritual intelligence scale. Data were tested using multiple linear regression. The findings illustrated that academic stress partially affected subjective well-being (t = 8.567; p <0.05), spiritual intelligence partially affected subjective well-being (t = 3.677; p <0.05), and academic stress and spiritual intelligence in combination affected subjective well-being (F = 44.567; p < 0.05; R2 = 0.386). These results suggested that 38.6% of the variation in subjective well-being in students could be explained by academic stress and spiritual intelligence. Therefore, in order to maintain their subjective well-being during this long pandemic, students are advised to improve their capacity to deal with academic stress and develop their spiritual intelligence. Keywords: subjective well-being, academic stress, spiritual intelligenc

    Peran Kognisi Sosial dan Schadenfreude Terhadap Empati Pada Mahasiswa Universitas Negeri Malang

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    Empathy is very important not only in social life but also to create communication in counseling in the field of psychology and counseling guidance. The emergence of empathy in an individual can be influenced by social cognition and schadenfreude. For this reason, the objective of this study was to clarify the role of social cognition and schadenfreude in empathy in State University of Malang undergraduate students majoring in psychology and counseling guidance. This study was quantitative with a correlational approach. This study also uses several measuring instruments such as The Edinburgh Social Cognition Test (ESCoT) to measure social cognition, the Schadenfreude measuring instrument created by Alison Baren to measure Schadenfreude, and the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) to measure empathy. Hypothesis testing was conducted using multiple regression analysis. The results found that there was a role for social cognition and Schadenfreude on empathy which shows that the greater the social cognition ability, the better the empathy ability. However, increases in Schadenfreude behavior can reduce the ability to empathize. This study can be used as a reference for creating modules for psychology majors, guidance and counseling majors, and other parties to increase empathy in individuals by training social cognition skills. Abstrak. Empati merupakan hal yang penting dalam kehidupan sosial. Empati sangat dibutuhkan dalam proses konseling psikologi. Munculnya empati pada seseorang dapat dipengaruhi oleh kognisi sosial dan schadenfreude. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengklarifikasi peran kognisi sosial dan schadenfreude dengan empati pada mahasiswa program sarjana jurusan Psikologi dan Bimbingan Konseling Universitas Negeri Malang. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan metode korelasi. Alat ukur yang digunakan yaitu The Edinburgh Social Cognition Test (ESCoT) untuk mengukur kognisi sosial, alat ukur Schadenfreude yang dibuat oleh Alison Baren untuk mengukur schadenfreude, dan Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) untuk mengukur empati. Pengujian hipotesis dilakukan dengan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat peran kognisi sosial dan schadenfreude terhadap empati. Dimana hal tersebut menunjukkan bahwa semakin baik kemampuan kognisi sosial, maka akan semakin baik pula kemampuan empati yang dimiliki. Namun, apabila perilaku schadenfreude yang dimiliki tinggi, maka hal tersebut dapat menurunkan kemampuan empati yang dimiliki. Penelitian ini dapat menjadi referensi pembuatan modul bagi jurusan psikologi, jurusan bimbingan dan konseling, serta pihak lainnya untuk meningkatkan empati pada seseorang dengan cara melatih kemampuan kognisi sosial

    Proactive Personality as a Predictor of Career Adaptability of Creative Industry Employees in Malang City

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    Employees working in the creative industry are expected to have strong soft skills and be able to cope with high work pressure to be successful in their jobs. The industry operates at a rapid pace, requiring employees to adopt unconventional strategies and show initiative to keep up with developments. Failure to effectively manage these challenges may hinder career advancement in the future. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of proactive personality in relation to career adaptability among employees in the visual communication design sub-sector of the creative industries. A quantitative approach was adopted, and measurements were made using two scales: the Career Adapt-Abilities Scale (CAAS), developed by Savickas and Porfeli, and the Proactive Personality Scale (PPS), developed by Bateman and Crant. The data analysis technique used in this study was simple linear regression analysis. Based on the results of the t-test table, it was found that the proactive personality variable had a significance level of 0.329 (p>0.05). In addition, the coefficient of determination (R Square) was found to be 0.009. These results indicated that the independent variable, proactive personality, has a limited ability to explain the variations in the dependent variable, career adaptability, accounting for only 0.9 percent. Thus, it can be concluded that Proactive Personality is not able to predict Career Adaptability. Keywords: Career adaptability, Proactive personality, Early career employee

    HUBUNGAN PERSEPSI KESESAKAN (CROWDING) DAN KEMATANGAN EMOSI DENGAN DISIPLIN BERLALU LINTAS PADA REMAJA AKHIR SMAN 1, SMAN 3, DAN SMAN 4 KOTA MALANG

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    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui adanya hubungan persepsi kesesakan (crowding) dan kematangan emosi dengan disiplin berlalu lintas pada remaja akhir SMAN 1, SMAN 3 dan SMAN 4 Kota Malang. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif korelasional. Subjek merupakan pelajar SMA yang masuk kriteria remaja akhir di SMAN 1, SMAN 3, SMAN 4 dengan total 120. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah skala persepsi kesesakan, skala kematangan emosi dan skala disiplin berlalu lintas. Data hasil penelitian dianalisis dengan menggunakan korelasi product moment pearson. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa : (1) Persepsi kesesakan (crowding) tidak memiliki hubungan dengan disiplin berlalu lintas. (2) Kematangan emosi memiliki hubungan positif dengan disiplin berlalu lintas. (3) Secara keseluruhan, persepsi kesesakan (crowding) dan kematangan emosi sebagai variabel bebas tidak dilakukan pengukuran dengan disiplin berlalu lintas sebagai variabel terikat karena variabel persepsi kesesakan (crowding) tidak memiliki hubungan dengan variabel disiplin berlalu lintas.Kata kunci : persepsi kesesakan, kematangan emosi, disiplin berlalu lintas, remaja akhi

    Academic Self-Efficacy and Its Effect on Academic Engagement: MetaAnalysis

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    Previous scholars have explored the effect of self-efficacy on academic engagement. Self-efficacy positively affects academic engagement. However, it is not known whether the impact of self-efficacy on academic engagement differs significantly depending on potential moderator variables. The study aimed to metaanalyse correlational studies on self-efficacy and academic engagement between 2015 and 2022. Meta-analysis was used to examine correlation studies on the effect of self-efficacy on academic engagement. The meta-analysis calculated 68 effect sizes for the 24 studies. In accordance with the PRISMA guidelines, this investigation was conducted in various phases, including problem identification, data collection, screening, evaluation, and extraction. The information was obtained from peer-reviewed journals indexed in databases such as Scopus, EBSCOhost, ProQuest, and Eric searching for articles published in the field. Data analysis was performed using JASP. The study found that the random effects model and the effect size were significant, with a moderate average effect size (d=0.54). The results also indicate that the effects of self-efficacy on academic engagement vary significantly depending on geographical regions. The results have pedagogical implications since they suggest that increasing the academic engagement of learners requires increasing academic self-efficacy and noticing the geographical regions of learners

    ADAPTASI BAHASA DAN BUDAYA NEED FOR COGNITION SCALE

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    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melakukan adaptasi need for cognition scale (NCS) (Cacioppo, dkk., 1984) untuk sampel siswa SMP di Indonesia. NCS dikembangkan untuk mengukur konstruk need for cognition yang didefinisikan sebagai kecenderungan individu untuk terlibat dan menikmati aktivitas kognitif yang menantang. Adaptasi dilakukan melalui lima tahap, yaitu menerjemahkan butir-butir NCS dari bahasa Inggris ke bahasa Indonesia dalam dua versi terjemahan, mengevaluasi dan memilih versi terjemahan yang memenuhi ekuivalensi konseptual dan linguistik, translasi backward, mengevaluasi kesetaraan antara hasil translasi backward dan butir-butir asli NCS, membuat format final NCS adaptasi Indonesia.  Untuk memperoleh properti psikometri, NCS adaptasi Indonesia diadministrasikan pada 162 siswa kelas 8 dan 9. Model pengukuran yang dihipotesiskan adalah model unidimensi dan diuji menggunakan confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Model fit diperoleh setelah dilakukan modifikasi model (chi-square = 9,089, df = 9, p = 0,429, GFI = 0,981, CFI = 1,000, TLI = 0,999, RMSEA = 0,008). Model fit  terdiri dari 6 butir yang semuanya adalah butir-butir unfavorabel dengan muatan faktor terendah 0,418 (alpha cronbach = 0,776). Karena berkembangnya pendapat bahwa butir-butir favorabel dan unfavorabel dapat membentuk faktor yang berbeda, peneliti selanjutnya dapat menguji beberapa model, yaitu model unidimensi, model unidimensi dengan korelasi antar error dari butir-butir unfavorabel, dan model dua faktor (faktor 1 terdiri dari butir-butir favorabel dan faktor 2 terdiri dari butir-butir unfavorabel).     Kata Kunci: need for cognition scale, adaptasi, model pengukuran, confirmatory factor analysisDOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um023v7i22018p14

    Intellectual values and epistemological understanding of middle school students in Indonesia

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    The main purpose of education is developing students’ competence and disposition to seek knowledge by themselves. Intellectual values was proposed as one of constructs that explain students’ disposition to acquire knowledge and refers to how people perceive the value of intellectual activities. This study aimed to get an initial description of how middle school students in Indonesia value the intellectual activities. The thinking of middle school students are generally based on absolutist or multiplist level of epistemological understanding. Before achieve evaluativist level, intellectual activities are assumed to be irrelevant or unnecessary. Thus it was predicted that intellectual activities is less appreciated among middle school students. Sixty eight middle school students, 12-15 old years, gave their responses to three questions about intellectual values. The early prediction is supported among this sample. It was found that only 24% of students consistently endorsing discussion in all three questions. Most of reasons given for endorsing discussion are still based on the absolutist or multiplist,  only few students indicate the thinking of evaluativist level of epistemological understanding.</div
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