53 research outputs found

    Raw frozen Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) as an alternative feed source for cuttlefish Sepiella japonica in artificial breeding systems

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    The study aims to evaluate the feasibility of completely replacing raw frozen shrimp Palaemon gravieri diets with raw frozen Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) in the diets of cuttlefish Sepiella japonica. To address the knowledge gap, we conducted a 60‐day feeding trial. At the end of the experiment (day 60), the cuttlefish Sepiella japonica eating Palaemon gravieri (SJP) grew significantly faster than those eating Euphausia superba (SJE), with the specific growth rate (SGR)SJP (7.92%) > (SGR)SJE (7.09%). Approximately 33.3% and 20.0% mortality was observed in the SJE and SJP, during the course of the experiment respectively. Some important fatty acids (i.e. n‐3 and n‐6 PUFAs) were elevated in SJE with respect to SJP. Replacement of Antarctic krill increased the diversity of the gut microbiome composition in the SJE group. Fluoride accumulated in the ink sac and cuttlebone of cuttlefish in SJE. Overall, these findings imply that PUFA‐rich Antarctic krill could replace P. gravieri shrimp for feeding cuttlefish S. japonica

    Carbonaceous matter in the atmosphere and glaciers of the Himalayas and the Tibetan plateau: An investigative review

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    Carbonaceous matter, including organic carbon (OC) and black carbon (BC), is an important climate forcing agent and contributes to glacier retreat in the Himalayas and the Tibetan Plateau (HTP). The HTP – the so-called “Third Pole” – contains the most extensive glacial area outside of the polar regions. Considerable research on carbonaceous matter in the HTP has been conducted, although this research has been challenging due to the complex terrain and strong spatiotemporal heterogeneity of carbonaceous matter in the HTP. A comprehensive investigation of published atmospheric and snow data for HTP carbonaceous matter concentration, deposition and light absorption is presented, including how these factors vary with time and other parameters. Carbonaceous matter concentrations in the atmosphere and glaciers of the HTP are found to be low. Analysis of water-insoluable organic carbon and BC from snowpits reveals that concentrations of OC and BC in the atmosphere and glacier samples in arid regions of the HTP may be overestimated due to contributions from inorganic carbon in mineral dust. Due to the remote nature of the HTP, carbonaceous matter found in the HTP has generally been transported from outside the HTP (e.g., South Asia), although local HTP emissions may also be important at some sites. This review provides essential data and a synthesis of current thinking for studies on atmospheric transport modeling and radiative forcing of carbonaceous matter in the HTP

    Case report: A longitudinal study of an unusual rapidly progressive dementia case

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    It is daunting to determine the etiology of rapidly progressive dementia (RPD), which includes metabolic, neoplastic, infectious, autoimmune, neurodegenerative and other conditions. Herein, we illustrate an unusual case of a patient primarily exhibiting RPD, overlapping sleep dysfunction, psychosis and abnormal movement, which was finally defined as anti-IgLON5 disease, a novel and rare autoimmune encephalopathy. Furthermore, we longitudinally described his cognitive and psychological performance in detail, and determined that early initiation of immunotherapy in this patient did not result in a good outcome. These data highlight anti-IgLON5 disease as a possible differential diagnosis in patients with RPD

    High Content of Thermoplastic Starch, Poly(butylenes adipate-co-terephthalate) and Poly(butylene succinate) Ternary Blends with a Good Balance in Strength and Toughness

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    The ternary blends of a high content of thermoplastic starch (TPS), poly(butylenes adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT), and poly(butylene succinate) (PBS) were first melt-compounded in a twin screw extruder. The TPS contents in ternary blends were fixed at 60 wt%. The miscibility, morphology, thermal behavior, mechanical properties, and thermal resistance of the blends were investigated. The results showed that dispersions of PBS and PBAT minor phases improved the tensile strength and elongation at break. TPS/PBS/PBAT60/10/30 formed a good balance in strength and toughness. Dynamic mechanical analysis of the blends exhibits an intermediate and peak suggesting the ternary blend is compatible. Minor phase-separated structure SEM results showed that TPS/PBS/PBAT60/10/30 blend formed a typical mixture with core−shell morphology. As the PBAT composition was increased, phase morphology changes occurred in the blends, leading to decreased values of complex viscosity, storage modulus, and loss modulus. Moreover, the thermal resistances and melt flow properties of the materials were also studied by analysis of the heat deflection temperature (HDT) and melt flow index (MFI) value in the work

    A Longitudinal Study of a Chinese Man Presenting with Non-Fluent/Agrammatic Variant of Primary Progressive Aphasia

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    Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by declining language ability. However, the difficulty in defining the central clinical features in its earliest stage and establishing the dynamics of its progression has led to controversy. We report a 71-year-old man with Han language suffering from non-fluent/agrammatic variant of PPA but presenting as typical Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and confused with logopenic variant of PPA in its early stage, longitudinally describing his clinical characteristics, neuroanatomical basis, and genetic associations, and exploring the underlying pathology. This case highlights a longitudinal data for reliably discriminating among AD and PPA variants and helps to deepen our understanding of Han language non-fluent/agrammatic variant of PPA

    Changing Treatment May Affect the Predictive Ability of European Treatment Outcome Study Scoring for the Prognosis of Patients with Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

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    Objective: Previous studies compared the predictive ability of the European Treatment Outcome Study (EUTOS), Sokal, and Hasford scoring systems and demonstrated inconsistent findings with unknown reasons. This study was conducted to determine a useful scoring system to predict the prognosis of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and identify the probable factors that affect the scoring. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study. The predictive ability of EUTOS and the factors that affect scoring were analyzed in 234 Chinese chronic-phase CML patients treated with frontline imatinib, including a few patients temporarily administered hydroxyurea for cytoreduction before imatinib. Patients were stratified into different risk groups according to each scoring system to assess the treatment outcomes and the predictive ability of EUTOS scores between patients who received imatinib during the entire followup period and patients who received altered treatment because of intolerance, progression, and treatment failure. Results: Sixty-one (26.0%) patients received altered treatments during the follow-up. In the EUTOS low- and high-risk groups, the 5-year overall survival was 94.6% and 84.7% (p=0.011), 5-year eventfree survival was 92.6% and 77.6% (p=0.001), and 5-year progressionfree survival (PFS) was 95.3% and 82.4% (p=0.001), respectively. The predictive ability of EUTOS was better than that of the Sokal and Hasford scores (p=0.256, p=0.062, p=0.073) without statistical significance. All three scoring systems were valid in predicting early optimal response. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed a high association between overall PFS and the EUTOS scores in the standard-dose imatinib group (p<0.001). Conclusion: This study suggests that the EUTOS scoring system could predict the outcome of chronic-phase CML patients treated with standard-dose imatinib. Altered treatment is a crucial factor that affects the prognostic impact of EUTOS scoring. Achieving complete cytogenetic response at 18 months is an essential factor in predicting the prognosis of patients with CML

    Blepharospasm with elevated anti-acetylcholine receptor antibody titer

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    ABSTRACT Objective: To determine whether serum levels of anti-acetylcholine receptor antibody (anti-AChR-Abs) are related to clinical parameters of blepharospasm (BSP). Methods: Eighty-three adults with BSP, 60 outpatients with hemifacial spasm (HFS) and 58 controls were recruited. Personal history, demographic factors, response to botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) and other neurological conditions were recorded. Anti-AChR-Abs levels were quantified using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: The anti-AChR Abs levels were 0.237 ± 0.022 optical density units in the BSP group, which was significantly different from the HFS group (0.160 ± 0.064) and control group (0.126 ± 0.038). The anti-AChR Abs level was correlated with age and the duration of response to the BoNT-A injection. Conclusion: Patients with BSP had an elevated anti-AChR Abs titer, which suggests that dysimmunity plays a role in the onset of BSP. An increased anti-AChR Abs titer may be a predictor for poor response to BoNT-A in BSP
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