84 research outputs found

    Religious Specificities in the Early Sultanate of Banten (Western Java, Indonesia)

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    The author examines the religious specifics of Banten during the early Islamizing of the region. The main characteristics of the process resided in a link between commerce and Muslim networks, a strong cosmopolitism, a variety of the Islam practices, the large number of brotherhood followers and the popularity of esoteric practices. These specificities indicated that the Islamizing of the region was very progressive within 16th century and the processes of conversion also generated inter-influence with local religious practices and cosmologies. As a consequence, the widespread assertion that Banten is a bastion of religious orthodoxy and the image the region suffers today as hosting bases of rigorist movements may be nuanced by the variety of the forms that Islam took throughout history. The dominant media-centered perspective also eludes the fact that tide connection between religion and ritual initiation still composes the authority structure. This article aims to contribute to the knowledge of the religious aspects in the Bantenese society.

    Trans-regional continuities of fighting techniques in martial ritual Initiations of the Malay world

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    This article explores continuities in fighting techniques of martial ritual initiations found across the Malay world (Dunia Melayu). Comparison with other neighboring Asian and Southeast Asian regions shows that these techniques follow patterns and principles that can be considered as ‘properly Malay’. I argue that ‘Malayness’ is socially and politically consolidated through these initiations, not least because the techniques mobilize local cosmologies and notions of the ‘person’. These cosmologies and notions are mainly articulated through conceptions of space and time, an aspect that is underlined by the transmission processes themselves. Transmission steps show parallels with life processes such as maturation, growing and purification. The correspondences between these processes are also expressed through a specific material culture. The structures of the technical fighting systems are oriented towards principles based on religion and morality, cosmology and philosophy. All of this suggests that the efficacy of techniques should be analyzed in conjunction with larger questions of the efficacy of rituals

    The Persistence of Civil Militias in Banten and Lampung, Indonesia

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    This study focuses on how civil militias in Banten and Lampung do their persistence in society. Civil militias play significant role in society not only as being intermediaries between civil societies themselves and the government, but also as a mediator between the different political levels of society: In addition, the existence of martial arts groups give contributions as initiation bases for the activist masses.  This study on civil militias also shows how political parallel networks compete for power, beyond the parties and political chairs

    Religious Specificities in the Early Sultanate of Banten (Western Java, Indonesia)

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    The author examines the religious specifics of Banten during the early Islamizing of the region. The main characteristics of the process resided in a link between commerce and Muslim networks, a strong cosmopolitism, a variety of the Islam practices, the large number of brotherhood followers and the popularity of esoteric practices. These specificities indicated that the Islamizing of the region was very progressive within 16th century and the processes of conversion also generated inter-influence with local religious practices and cosmologies. As a consequence, the widespread assertion that Banten is a bastion of religious orthodoxy and the image the region suffers today as hosting bases of rigorist movements may be nuanced by the variety of the forms that Islam took throughout history. The dominant media-centered perspective also eludes the fact that tide connection between religion and ritual initiation still composes the authority structure. This article aims to contribute to the knowledge of the religious aspects in the Bantenese society

    Social Movements Facing Authoritarian-Style Neoliberal Governments: Comparative Positioning Towards Violence in Indonesia and France

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    Faced with global and systemic crises, neoliberal oriented governments are taking on more authoritarian forms of governance. By using the power of the media, justice, the police, and a set of government technologies, this authoritarian style manifests itself in alternating phases of low-key brutality and crises of ostentatious repression designed to frighten and demoralize opposition social movements. Confronted with these modes of government, the social movements adopt different tactics of mobilization, ranging from direct confrontation to forms of compromise and civil disobedience. With the climate crisis as well as the globalization of social struggles, these movements adopt new political strategies, which question the dichotomy between violence and non-violence. Using a historical and anthropological approach, this paper studies two cases in contemporary Indonesia and France. It shows that the objectives of the groups involved and the national socio-political and cultural background shape the local specificities of these strategies. The comparison, however, reveals similarities at both levels. It shows the persistence and even strengthening of class and oligarchy networks in the implementation of authoritarian-style neoliberal policies. It also points to the respective effectiveness of violent and non-violent tactics in the implementation of militant strategies

    ContinuitĂ©s et transitions de la Reformasi indonĂ©sienne : l’actualitĂ© politique de Banten Ă  l’issue des Ă©lections provinciales de 2017

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    La rĂ©gion indonĂ©sienne de Banten est marquĂ©e depuis une quarantaine d’annĂ©es par la captation monopolistique des ressources politiques et Ă©conomiques exercĂ©e par la famille de l’oligarque Chasan Sochib. À partir de la pĂ©riode de dĂ©mocratisation et de dĂ©centralisation nationales initiĂ©e en 1998, les rĂ©seaux clientĂ©laires dĂ©veloppĂ©s par cette famille ont acquis une autonomie croissante vis-Ă  vis du gouvernement central. En 2013, le dĂ©cĂšs de Sochib a prĂ©cĂ©dĂ© la condamnation pour corruption de sa fille aĂźnĂ©e, la gouverneure Atut Chosiyah, puis de son fils cadet, Chaeri Wardana. NĂ©anmoins, Ă  l’issue des Ă©lections provinciales de 2017, les rĂ©centes Ă©volutions politiques indiquent que les membres de la famille s’efforcent de rĂ©orienter leurs affiliations et leurs alliances. Cet article porte sur les compromis concĂ©dĂ©s par cette famille, les stratĂ©gies dĂ©veloppĂ©es par les familles rivales et les arrangements tissĂ©s entre chacun pour opĂ©rer le partage du pouvoir rĂ©gional.For the last forty years, the Indonesian region of Banten has been marked by the monopolistic capture of the political and economic resources exerted by the oligarch Chasan Sochib’s family. From the period of national democratization and decentralization initiated in 1998 onward, the clientele networks developed by this family have acquired a growing autonomy vis-Ă -vis the central government. In 2013, Sochib’s death preceded the conviction for corruption of his eldest daughter, Governor Atut Chosiyah, and of his younger son, Chaeri Wardana. Nevertheless, following the provincial elections in 2017, recent political developments indicate that family members are trying to reorient their affiliations and alliances. This article deals with the compromises granted by this family, the strategies developed by rival families and the arrangements woven between individuals to achieve the division of regional power

    Diplomaties en ASEAN et relances nationales en demi-teinte

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    Alors que les effets de la pandĂ©mie de covid-19 semblent progressivement s’estomper, l’Asie du Sud-Est est saisie par un ensemble de dĂ©fis diplomatiques, politiques, Ă©conomiques, sociaux et environnementaux. Le duel sino-amĂ©ricain a continuĂ© de rythmer les sommets et d’influencer les initiatives de coopĂ©ration avec, en 2022, de nombreuses Ă©chĂ©ances importantes pour les multilatĂ©ralismes de l’ASEAN, du G20 et de l’APEC. Les enjeux ont concernĂ© tout d’abord la rĂ©gion Indo-Pacifique, au sujet de..

    One-year breakthrough SARS-CoV-2 infection and correlates of protection in fully vaccinated hematological patients

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    The long-term clinical efficacy of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines according to antibody response in immunosuppressed patients such as hematological patients has been little explored. A prospective multicenter registry-based cohort study conducted from December 2020 to July 2022 by the Spanish Transplant and Cell Therapy group, was used to analyze the relationship of antibody response over time after full vaccination (at 3-6 weeks, 3, 6 and 12 months) (2 doses) and of booster doses with breakthrough SARS-CoV-2 infection in 1551 patients with hematological disorders. At a median follow-up of 388 days after complete immunization, 266 out of 1551 (17%) developed breakthrough SARS-CoV-2 infection at median of 86 days (range 7-391) after full vaccination. The cumulative incidence was 18% [95% confidence interval (C.I.), 16-20%]. Multivariate analysis identified higher incidence in chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients (29%) and with the use of corticosteroids (24.5%), whereas female sex (15.5%) and more than 1 year after last therapy (14%) were associated with a lower incidence (p < 0.05 for all comparisons). Median antibody titers at different time points were significantly lower in breakthrough cases than in non-cases. A serological titer cut-off of 250 BAU/mL was predictive of breakthrough infection and its severity. SARS-CoV-2 infection-related mortality was encouragingly low (1.9%) in our series. Our study describes the incidence of and risk factors for COVID-19 breakthrough infections during the initial vaccination and booster doses in the 2021 to mid-2022 period. The level of antibody titers at any time after 2-dose vaccination is strongly linked with protection against both breakthrough infection and severe disease, even with the Omicron SARS-CoV-2 variant

    L’Asie du Sud-Est 2023 : bilan, enjeux et perspectives

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    Chaque annĂ©e, l’Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine (IRASEC), basĂ© Ă  Bangkok, mobilise une vingtaine de chercheurs et d’experts pour mieux comprendre l’actualitĂ© rĂ©gionale de ce carrefour Ă©conomique, culturel et religieux, au cƓur de l’Indo-Pacifique. Cette collection permet de suivre au fil des ans l’évolution des grands enjeux contemporains de cette rĂ©gion continentale et archipĂ©lagique de plus de 680 millions d’habitants, et d’en comprendre les dynamiques d’intĂ©gration rĂ©gionale et de connectivitĂ©s avec le reste du monde. L’Asie du Sud-Est 2023 propose une analyse synthĂ©tique et dĂ©taillĂ©e des principaux Ă©vĂ©nements politiques et diplomatiques, ainsi que des Ă©volutions Ă©conomiques, sociales et environnementales de l’annĂ©e 2022 dans chacun des onze pays de la rĂ©gion. Ce dĂ©cryptage est complĂ©tĂ© pour chaque pays par un focus sur deux personnalitĂ©s de l’annĂ©e et une actualitĂ© marquante en image. L’ouvrage propose Ă©galement cinq dossiers thĂ©matiques qui abordent des sujets traitĂ©s Ă  l’échelle rĂ©gionale sud-est asiatique : les ressorts institutionnels de l’approche de santĂ© intĂ©grĂ©e One Health, le vieillissement de la population et sa prise en compte par les politiques publiques, les cĂąbles sous-marins au cƓur de la connectivitĂ© sud-est asiatique, l’amĂ©nagement du bassin du MĂ©kong et ses multiples acteurs, et les enjeux politiques et linguistiques des langues transnationales. Des outils pratiques sont Ă©galement disponibles : une fiche et une chronologie par pays et un cahier des principaux indicateurs dĂ©mographiques, sociaux, Ă©conomiques et environnementaux

    SARS-CoV-2-reactive antibody detection after SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients: Prospective survey from the Spanish Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation and Cell Therapy Group

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    This is a multicenter prospective observational study that included a large cohort (n = 397) of allogeneic (allo-HSCT; (n = 311) and autologous (ASCT) hematopoietic stem cell transplant (n = 86) recipients who were monitored for antibody detection within 3–6 weeks after complete severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccination from February 1, 2021, to July 20, 2021. Most patients (n = 387, 97.4%) received mRNA-based vaccines. Most of the recipients (93%) were vaccinated more than 1 year after transplant. Detectable SARS-CoV-2-reactive antibodies were observed in 242 (78%) of allo-HSCT and in 73 (85%) of ASCT recipients. Multivariate analysis in allo-HSCT recipients identified lymphopenia < 1 × 109/ml (odds ratio [OR] 0.33, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.16–0.69, p = .003), active graft versus host disease (GvHD; OR 0.51, 95% CI 0.27–0.98, p = .04) and vaccination within the first year of transplant (OR 0.3, 95% CI 0.15–0.9, p = .04) associated with lower antibody detection whereas. In ASCT, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL; OR 0.09, 95% CI 0.02–0.44, p = .003) and active corticosteroid therapy (OR 0.2, 95% CI 0.02–0.87, p = .03) were associated with lower detection rate. We report an encouraging rate of SARS-CoV-2-reactive antibodies detection in these severe immunocompromised patients. Lymphopenia, GvHD, the timing of vaccine, and NHL and corticosteroids therapy should be considered in allo-HSCT and ASCT, respectively, to identify candidates for SARS-CoV-2 antibodies monitoring.Peer reviewe
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