15 research outputs found

    Efficacy and safety of T-DM1 in the 'common-practice' of HER2+ advanced breast cancer setting: a multicenter study

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    Ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) is an antibody-drug conjugate approved for the treatment of patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive, metastatic breast cancer (mBC). The aim of this 'field-practice' study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of T-DM1, focusing on treatment line, previous lapatinib treatment and patterns of metastasis. Three hundred and three patients with HER2-positive mBC who received T-DM1 were identified by reviewing the medical records of 24 Italian Institutions. One hundred fourty-nine (49%) and 264 (87%) had received prior hormonal treatment and/or anti-HER2 targeted therapy, respectively. Particularly, 149 patients had been previously treated with lapatinib. The objective response rate (ORR) was 36.2%, and 44.5% when T-DM1 was administrated as second-line therapy. Considering only patients with liver metastases, the ORR was 44.4%. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 7.0 months in the overall population, but it reached 9.0 and 12.0 months when TDM-1 was administered as second- and third-line treatment, respectively.In conclusion, in this 'real-word' study evaluating the effects of T-DM1 in patients with HER2-positive mBC who progressed on prior anti-HER2 therapies, we observed a clinically-relevant benefit in those who had received T-DM1 in early metastatic treatment-line and in subjects previously treated with lapatini

    Famous faces and voices: Differential profiles in early right and left semantic dementia and in Alzheimer's disease

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    Background Famous face and voice recognition is reported to be impaired both in semantic dementia (SD) and in Alzheimer's Disease (AD), although more severely in the former. In AD a coexistence of perceptual impairment in face and voice processing has also been reported and this could contribute to the altered performance in complex semantic tasks. On the other hand, in SD both face and voice recognition disorders could be related to the prevalence of atrophy in the right temporal lobe (RTL). Objective The aim of the present study was twofold: (1) to investigate famous faces and voices recognition in SD and AD to verify if the two diseases show a differential pattern of impairment, resulting from disruption of different cognitive mechanisms; (2) to check if face and voice recognition disorders prevail in patients with atrophy mainly affecting the RTL. Materials To avoid the potential influence of primary perceptual problems in face and voice recognition, a pool of patients suffering from early SD and AD were administered a detailed set of tests exploring face and voice perception. Thirteen SD (8 with prevalence of right and 5 with prevalence of left temporal atrophy) and 25 CE patients, who did not show visual and auditory perceptual impairment, were finally selected and were administered an experimental battery exploring famous face and voice recognition and naming. Twelve SD patients underwent cerebral PET imaging and were classified in right and left SD according to the onset modality and to the prevalent decrease in FDG uptake in right or left temporal lobe respectively. Correlation of PET imaging and famous face and voice recognition was performed. Results Results showed a differential performance profile in the two diseases, because AD patients were significantly impaired in the naming tests, but showed preserved recognition, whereas SD patients were profoundly impaired both in naming and in recognition of famous faces and voices. Furthermore, face and voice recognition disorders prevailed in SD patients with RTL atrophy, who also showed a conceptual impairment on the Pyramids and Palm Trees test more important in the pictorial than in the verbal modality. Finally, in 12SD patients in whom PET was available, a strong correlation between FDG uptake and face-to-name and voice-to-name matching data was found in the right but not in the left temporal lobe. Discussion The data support the hypothesis of a different cognitive basis for impairment of face and voice recognition in the two dementias and suggest that the pattern of impairment in SD may be due to a loss of semantic representations, while a defect of semantic control, with impaired naming and preserved recognition might be hypothesized in AD. Furthermore, the correlation between face and voice recognition disorders and RTL damage are consistent with the hypothesis assuming that in the RTL person-specific knowledge may be mainly based upon non-verbal representations

    Ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) in HER2+ advanced breast cancer patients: does pretreatment with pertuzumab matter?

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    AIM: We evaluated the outcomes of patients treated with ado-trastuzumab emantasine (T-DM1) after first-line pertuzumab/trastuzumab, compared with those receiving a trastuzumab-only-based regimen. PATIENTS & METHODS: Patients who received second-line T-DM1 after pertuzumab/trastuzumab (n = 34) were compared with those who received only trastuzumab (n = 73). RESULTS: Overall response rate was 33.3% in patients with prior pertuzumab and 57.1% in the remaining subjects. Disease control rate was 47 and 43%, respectively, and the clinical benefit rate was 43.3 and 71.1%, respectively. Median progression-free survival was 5.0 and 11.0 months, respectively (hazard ratio: 2.02; 95% CI: 1.14-3.58; p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Patients treated with T-DM1 who previously received pertuzumab present poorer clinical outcomes compared with those receiving a trastuzumab-only-based regimen in the first-line setting