92 research outputs found

    Asymptotic analysis for radial sign-changing solutions of the Brezis-Nirenberg problem in low dimensions

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    We consider the classical Brezis-Nirenberg problem in the unit ball of RN\mathbb{R}^N, N≥3N\geq 3 and analyze the asymptotic behavior of nodal radial solutions in the low dimensions N=3,4,5,6N=3,4,5,6 as the parameter converges to some limit value which naturally arises from the study of the associated ordinary differential equation

    The absolutely continuous spectrum of one-dimensional Schr"odinger operators

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    This paper deals with general structural properties of one-dimensional Schr"odinger operators with some absolutely continuous spectrum. The basic result says that the omega limit points of the potential under the shift map are reflectionless on the support of the absolutely continuous part of the spectral measure. This implies an Oracle Theorem for such potentials and Denisov-Rakhmanov type theorems. In the discrete case, for Jacobi operators, these issues were discussed in my recent paper [19]. The treatment of the continuous case in the present paper depends on the same basic ideas.Comment: references added; a few very minor change

    A functional model, eigenvalues, and finite singular critical points for indefinite Sturm-Liouville operators

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    Eigenvalues in the essential spectrum of a weighted Sturm-Liouville operator are studied under the assumption that the weight function has one turning point. An abstract approach to the problem is given via a functional model for indefinite Sturm-Liouville operators. Algebraic multiplicities of eigenvalues are obtained. Also, operators with finite singular critical points are considered.Comment: 38 pages, Proposition 2.2 and its proof corrected, Remarks 2.5, 3.4, and 3.12 extended, details added in subsections 2.3 and 4.2, section 6 rearranged, typos corrected, references adde

    Rota-Baxter algebras and new combinatorial identities

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    The word problem for an arbitrary associative Rota-Baxter algebra is solved. This leads to a noncommutative generalization of the classical Spitzer identities. Links to other combinatorial aspects, particularly of interest in physics, are indicated.Comment: 8 pages, improved versio

    Short Strings and Gluon Propagator in the Infrared Region

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    We discuss how infrared region influence on short distance physics via new object, called ``short string''. This object exists in confining theories and violates the operator product expansion. Most analytical results are obtained for the dual Abelian Higgs theory, while phenomenological arguments are given for QCD.Comment: LATTICE99(confine) - 6 page

    Time-ordering and a generalized Magnus expansion

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    Both the classical time-ordering and the Magnus expansion are well-known in the context of linear initial value problems. Motivated by the noncommutativity between time-ordering and time derivation, and related problems raised recently in statistical physics, we introduce a generalization of the Magnus expansion. Whereas the classical expansion computes the logarithm of the evolution operator of a linear differential equation, our generalization addresses the same problem, including however directly a non-trivial initial condition. As a by-product we recover a variant of the time ordering operation, known as T*-ordering. Eventually, placing our results in the general context of Rota-Baxter algebras permits us to present them in a more natural algebraic setting. It encompasses, for example, the case where one considers linear difference equations instead of linear differential equations

    The Gribov-Zwanziger action in the presence of the gauge invariant, nonlocal mass operator Tr∫d4xFμν(D2)−1FμνTr \int d^4x F_{\mu\nu} (D^2)^{-1} F_{\mu\nu} in the Landau gauge

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    We prove that the nonlocal gauge invariant mass dimension two operator Fμν(D2)−1FμνF_{\mu\nu} (D^2)^{-1} F_{\mu\nu} can be consistently added to the Gribov-Zwanziger action, which implements the restriction of the path integral's domain of integration to the first Gribov region when the Landau gauge is considered. We identify a local polynomial action and prove the renormalizability to all orders of perturbation theory by employing the algebraic renormalization formalism. Furthermore, we also pay attention to the breaking of the BRST invariance, and to the consequences that this has for the Slavnov-Taylor identity.Comment: 30 page

    Birkhoff type decompositions and the Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff recursion

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    We describe a unification of several apparently unrelated factorizations arisen from quantum field theory, vertex operator algebras, combinatorics and numerical methods in differential equations. The unification is given by a Birkhoff type decomposition that was obtained from the Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff formula in our study of the Hopf algebra approach of Connes and Kreimer to renormalization in perturbative quantum field theory. There we showed that the Birkhoff decomposition of Connes and Kreimer can be obtained from a certain Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff recursion formula in the presence of a Rota-Baxter operator. We will explain how the same decomposition generalizes the factorization of formal exponentials and uniformization for Lie algebras that arose in vertex operator algebra and conformal field theory, and the even-odd decomposition of combinatorial Hopf algebra characters as well as to the Lie algebra polar decomposition as used in the context of the approximation of matrix exponentials in ordinary differential equations.Comment: accepted for publication in Comm. in Math. Phy

    The radial curvature of an end that makes eigenvalues vanish in the essential spectrum II

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    Under the quadratic-decay-conditions of the radial curvatures of an end, we shall derive growth estimates of solutions to the eigenvalue equation and show the absence of eigenvalues.Comment: "≥ \ge " in the conditions (∗4)(*_4) and (∗5)(*_5) should be replaced by ">>". γ≥n−12(b−a)\gamma \ge \frac{n-1}{2}(b-a) in the conclusion of Theorem 1.3 should be replaced by γ>n−12(b−a)\gamma > \frac{n-1}{2}(b-a); trivial miss-calculatio

    Robust 3D face capture using example-based photometric stereo

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    We show that using example-based photometric stereo, it is possible to achieve realistic reconstructions of the human face. The method can handle non-Lambertian reflectance and attached shadows after a simple calibration step. We use spherical harmonics to model and de-noise the illumination functions from images of a reference object with known shape, and a fast grid technique to invert those functions and recover the surface normal for each point of the target object. The depth coordinate is obtained by weighted multi-scale integration of these normals, using an integration weight mask obtained automatically from the images themselves. We have applied these techniques to improve the PHOTOFACE system of Hansen et al. (2010). © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved
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