531 research outputs found

    Sensitivity of measured fission yields on prompt-neutron corrections

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    The amount of emitted prompt neutrons from the fission fragments increases as a function of excitation energy. Yet it is not fully understood whether the increase in \nu(A) as a function of E_{n} is mass dependent. The share of excitation energies among the fragments is still under debate, but there are reasons to believe that the excess in neutron emission originates only from the heavy fragments, leaving \nu_{light}(A) almost unchanged. In this work we investigated the consequences of a mass-dependent increase in \nu(A) on the final mass and energy distributions. The assumptions on \nu(A) are essential when analysing measurements based on the 2E-technique. This choice showed to be significant on the measured observables. For example, the post-neutron emission mass yield distribution revealed changes up to 10-30%. The outcome of this work pinpoint the urgent need to determine \nu(A) experimentally, and in particular, how \nu(A) changes as a function of incident-neutron energy. Until then, many fission yields in the data libraries could be largely affected, since they were analysed based on another assumption on the neutron emission.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures, Proc. 2013 International Conference on Nuclear Data for Science & Technology (ND2013), March 4-8, 2013, New York, USA, to be published in Nuclear Data Sheet

    Spectroscopic and photometric oscillatory envelope variability during the S Doradus outburst of the Luminous Blue Variable R71

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    To better understand the LBV phenomenon, we analyze multi-epoch and multi-wavelength spectra and photometry of R71. Pre-outburst spectra are analyzed with the radiative transfer code CMFGEN to determine the star's fundamental stellar parameters. During quiescence, R71 has an effective temperature of Teff=15500 KT_\mathrm{{eff}} = 15\,500~K and a luminosity of log(L/L)(L_*/L_{\odot}) = 5.78 and is thus a classical LBV, but at the lower luminosity end of this group. We determine its mass-loss rate to 4.0×106 M 4.0 \times 10^{-6}~M_{\odot}~yr1^{-1}. We present R71's spectral energy distribution from the near-ultraviolet to the mid-infrared during its present outburst. Mid-infrared observations suggest that we are witnessing dust formation and grain evolution. Semi-regular oscillatory variability in the star's light curve is observed during the current outburst. Absorption lines develop a second blue component on a timescale twice that length. The variability may consist of one (quasi-)periodic component with P ~ 425/850 d with additional variations superimposed. During its current S Doradus outburst, R71 occupies a region in the HR diagram at the high-luminosity extension of the Cepheid instability strip and exhibits similar irregular variations as RV Tau variables. LBVs do not pass the Cepheid instability strip because of core evolution, but they develop comparable cool, low-mass, extended atmospheres in which convective instabilities may occur. As in the case of RV Tau variables, the occurrence of double absorption lines with an apparent regular cycle may be due to shocks within the atmosphere and period doubling may explain the factor of two in the lengths of the photometric and spectroscopic cycles.Comment: 18 pages, 14 figures, submitted to A&
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