471 research outputs found

    On Local Borg-Marchenko Uniqueness Results

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    We provide a new short proof of the following fact, first proved by one of us in 1998: If two Weyl-Titchmarsh m-functions, mj(z)m_j(z), of two Schr\"odinger operators H_j = -\f{d^2}{dx^2} + q_j, j=1,2 in L2((0,R))L^2 ((0,R)), 0<R≤∞0<R\leq \infty, are exponentially close, that is, |m_1(z)- m_2(z)| \underset{|z|\to\infty}{=} O(e^{-2\Ima (z^{1/2})a}), 0<a<R, then q1=q2q_1 = q_2 a.e.~on [0,a][0,a]. The result applies to any boundary conditions at x=0 and x=R and should be considered a local version of the celebrated Borg-Marchenko uniqueness result (which is quickly recovered as a corollary to our proof). Moreover, we extend the local uniqueness result to matrix-valued Schr\"odinger operators.Comment: LaTeX, 18 page

    Uniqueness theorems in inverse spectral theory for one-dimensional Schrödinger operators

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    New unique characterization results for the potential V(x) in connection with Schrödinger operators on R and on the half-line [0,∞)are proven in terms of appropriate Krein spectral shift functions. Particular results obtained include a generalization of a well-known uniqueness theorem of Borg and Marchenko for Schrödinger operators on the half-line with purely discrete spectra to arbitrary spectral types and a new uniqueness result for Schrödinger operators with confining potentials on the entire real line

    Dynamical Symmetry Approach to Periodic Hamiltonians

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    We show that dynamical symmetry methods can be applied to Hamiltonians with periodic potentials. We construct dynamical symmetry Hamiltonians for the Scarf potential and its extensions using representations of su(1,1) and so(2,2). Energy bands and gaps are readily understood in terms of representation theory. We compute the transfer matrices and dispersion relations for these systems, and find that the complementary series plays a central role as well as non-unitary representations.Comment: 20 pages, 7 postscript figure

    Reconstructing Jacobi Matrices from Three Spectra

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    Cut a Jacobi matrix into two pieces by removing the n-th column and n-th row. We give neccessary and sufficient conditions for the spectra of the original matrix plus the spectra of the two submatrices to uniqely determine the original matrix. Our result contains Hostadt's original result as a special case

    The algebro-geometric initial value problem for the Ablowitz-Ladik hierarchy

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    We discuss the algebro-geometric initial value problem for the Ablowitz-Ladik hierarchy with complex-valued initial data and prove unique solvability globally in time for a set of initial (Dirichlet divisor) data of full measure. To this effect we develop a new algorithm for constructing stationary complex-valued algebro-geometric solutions of the Ablowitz-Ladik hierarchy, which is of independent interest as it solves the inverse algebro-geometric spectral problem for general (non-unitary) Ablowitz-Ladik Lax operators, starting from a suitably chosen set of initial divisors of full measure. Combined with an appropriate first-order system of differential equations with respect to time (a substitute for the well-known Dubrovin-type equations), this yields the construction of global algebro-geometric solutions of the time-dependent Ablowitz-Ladik hierarchy. The treatment of general (non-unitary) Lax operators associated with general coefficients for the Ablowitz-Ladik hierarchy poses a variety of difficulties that, to the best of our knowledge, are successfully overcome here for the first time. Our approach is not confined to the Ablowitz-Ladik hierarchy but applies generally to (1+1)-dimensional completely integrable soliton equations of differential-difference type.Comment: 47 page

    On the Equivalence of Different Lax Pairs for the Kac-van Moerbeke Hierarchy

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    We give a simple algebraic proof that the two different Lax pairs for the Kac-van Moerbeke hierarchy, constructed from Jacobi respectively super-symmetric Dirac-type difference operators, give rise to the same hierarchy of evolution equations. As a byproduct we obtain some new recursions for computing these equations.Comment: 8 page
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