61,424 research outputs found

    One parameter family of Compacton Solutions in a class of Generalized Korteweg-DeVries Equations

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    We study the generalized Korteweg-DeVries equations derivable from the Lagrangian: L(l,p)=∫(12Ο†xΟ†tβˆ’(Ο†x)ll(lβˆ’1)+Ξ±(Ο†x)p(Ο†xx)2)dx, L(l,p) = \int \left( \frac{1}{2} \varphi_{x} \varphi_{t} - { {(\varphi_{x})^{l}} \over {l(l-1)}} + \alpha(\varphi_{x})^{p} (\varphi_{xx})^{2} \right) dx, where the usual fields u(x,t)u(x,t) of the generalized KdV equation are defined by u(x,t)=Ο†x(x,t)u(x,t) = \varphi_{x}(x,t). For pp an arbitrary continuous parameter 0<p≀2,l=p+20< p \leq 2 ,l=p+2 we find compacton solutions to these equations which have the feature that their width is independent of the amplitude. This generalizes previous results which considered p=1,2p=1,2. For the exact compactons we find a relation between the energy, mass and velocity of the solitons. We show that this relationship can also be obtained using a variational method based on the principle of least action.Comment: Latex 4 pages and one figure available on reques

    Exact and approximate dynamics of the quantum mechanical O(N) model

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    We study a quantum dynamical system of N, O(N) symmetric, nonlinear oscillators as a toy model to investigate the systematics of a 1/N expansion. The closed time path (CTP) formalism melded with an expansion in 1/N is used to derive time evolution equations valid to order 1/N (next-to-leading order). The effective potential is also obtained to this order and its properties areelucidated. In order to compare theoretical predictions against numerical solutions of the time-dependent Schrodinger equation, we consider two initial conditions consistent with O(N) symmetry, one of them a quantum roll, the other a wave packet initially to one side of the potential minimum, whose center has all coordinates equal. For the case of the quantum roll we map out the domain of validity of the large-N expansion. We discuss unitarity violation in the 1/N expansion; a well-known problem faced by moment truncation techniques. The 1/N results, both static and dynamic, are also compared to those given by the Hartree variational ansatz at given values of N. We conclude that late-time behavior, where nonlinear effects are significant, is not well-described by either approximation.Comment: 16 pages, 12 figrures, revte
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