435 research outputs found

    A quantum photonics model for non-classical light generation using integrated nanoplasmonic cavity-emitter systems

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    The implementation of non-classical light sources is becoming increasingly important for various quantum applications. A particularly interesting approach is to integrate such functionalities on a single chip as this could pave the way towards fully scalable quantum photonic devices. Several approaches using dielectric systems have been investigated in the past. However, it is still not understood how on-chip nanoplasmonic antennas, interacting with a single quantum emitter, affect the quantum statistics of photons reflected or transmitted in the guided mode of a waveguide. Here we investigate a quantum photonic platform consisting of an evanescently coupled nanoplasmonic cavity-emitter system and discuss the requirements for non-classical light generation. We develop an analytical model that incorporates quenching due to the nanoplasmonic cavity to predict the quantum statistics of the transmitted and reflected guided waveguide light under weak coherent pumping. The analytical predictions match numerical simulations based on a master equation approach. It is moreover shown that for resonant excitation the degree of anti-bunching in transmission is maximized for an optimal cavity modal volume VcV_{c} and cavity-emitter distance ss. In reflection, perfectly anti-bunched light can only be obtained for specific (Vc,s)(V_{c},s) combinations. Finally, our model also applies to dielectric cavities and as such can guide future efforts in the design and development of on-chip non-classical light sources using dielectric and nanoplasmonic cavity-emitter systems

    Spontaneous emission control in high-extraction efficiency plasmonic crystals

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    We experimentally and theoretically investigate exciton-field coupling for the surface plasmon polariton (SPP) in waveguide-confined (WC) anti-symmetric modes of hexagonal plasmonic crystals in InP-TiO-Au-TiO-Si heterostructures. The radiative decay time of the InP-based transverse magnetic (TM)-strained multi-quantum well (MQW) coupled to the SPP modes is observed to be 2.9-3.7 times shorter than that of a bare MQW wafer. Theoretically we find that 80 % of the enhanced PL is emitted into SPP modes, and 17 % of the enhanced luminescence is redirected into WC-anti-symmetric modes. In addition to the direct coupling of the excitons to the plasmonic modes, this demonstration is also useful for the development of high-temperature SPP lasers, the development of highly integrated photo-electrical devices, or miniaturized biosensors.Comment: Spontaneous emission control in high-extraction efficiency plasmonic crystal

    Coupling of PbS Quantum Dots to Photonic Crystal Cavities at Room Temperature

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    We demonstrate the coupling of PbS quantum dot emission to photonic crystal cavities at room temperature. The cavities are defined in 33% Al, AlGaAs membranes on top of oxidized AlAs. Quantum dots were dissolved in Poly-methyl-methacrylate (PMMA) and spun on top of the cavities. Quantum dot emission is shown to map out the structure resonances, and may prove to be viable sources for room temperature cavity coupled single photon generation for quantum information processing applications. These results also indicate that such commercially available quantum dots can be used for passive structure characterization. The deposition technique is versatile and allows layers with different dot densities and emission wavelengths to be re-deposited on the same chip.Comment: 9 pages, 3 figure

    Temporally and spectrally multiplexed single photon source using quantum feedback control for scalable photonic quantum technologies

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    Current proposals for scalable photonic quantum technologies require on-demand sources of indistinguishable single photons with very high efficiency (having unheralded loss below 1%1\%). Even with recent progress in the field there is still a significant gap between the requirements and state of the art performance. Here, we propose an on-chip source of multiplexed, heralded photons. Using quantum feedback control on a photon storage cavity with an optimized driving protocol, we estimate an on-demand efficiency of 99%99\% and unheralded loss of order 1%1\%, assuming high efficiency detectors and intrinsic cavity quality factors of order 10810^8. We further explain how temporal- and frequency-multiplexing can be used in parallel to significantly reduce device requirements if single photon frequency conversion is possible with efficiency in the same range of 99%99\%

    Photon-Photon Interactions in Dynamically Coupled Cavities

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    We study theoretically the interaction between two photons in a nonlinear cavity. The photons are loaded into the cavity via a method we propose here, in which the input/output coupling of the cavity is effectively controlled via a tunable coupling to a second cavity mode that is itself strongly output-coupled. Incoming photon wave packets can be loaded into the cavity with high fidelity when the timescale of the control is smaller than the duration of the wave packets. Dynamically coupled cavities can be used to avoid limitations in the photon-photon interaction time set by the delay-bandwidth product of passive cavities. Additionally, they enable the elimination of wave packet distortions caused by dispersive cavity transmission and reflection. We consider three kinds of nonlinearities, those arising from χ(2)\chi^{\scriptscriptstyle(2)} and χ(3)\chi^{\scriptscriptstyle(3)} materials and that due to an interaction with a two-level emitter. To analyze the input and output of few-photon wave packets we use a Schr\"odinger-picture formalism in which travelling-wave fields are discretized into infinitesimal time-bins. We suggest that dynamically coupled cavities provide a very useful tool for improving the performance of quantum devices relying on cavity-enhanced light-matter interactions such as single-photon sources and atom-like quantum memories with photon interfaces. As an example, we present simulation results showing that high fidelity two-qubit entangling gates may be constructed using any of the considered nonlinear interactions
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