3,518 research outputs found

    Belle II iTOP Optics: Design, Construction and Performance

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    The imaging-Time-of-Propogation (iTOP) counter is a new type of ring-imaging Cherenkov counter developed for particle identification at the Belle II experiment. It consists of 16 modules arranged azimuthally around the beam line. Each module consists of one mirror, one prism and two quartz bar radiators. Here we describe the design, acceptance test, alignment, gluing and assembly of the optical components. All iTOP modules have been successfully assembled and installed in the Belle II detector by the middle of 2016. After installation, laser and cosmic ray data have been taken to test the performance of the modules. First results from these tests are presented.Comment: Proceedings of TIPP 2017, May 22 - 26, Beijing, China, 2017; University of Cincinnati preprint UCHEP-17-07. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:1709.0993

    Search for lepton flavor violation via the intense high-energy muon beam

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    A deep inerastic scattering process \mutau is discussed to study lepton flavor violation between muons and tau leptons. In supersymmetric models, the Higgs boson mediated diagrams could be important for this reaction. We find that at a muon energy (EμE_{\mu}) higher than 50 GeV, the predicted cross section significantly increases due to the contribution from sea bb-quarks. The number of produced tau leptons can be O(104)\mathcal{O}(10^4) at EμE_{\mu}= 300 GeV from 102010^{20} muons, whereas O(102)\mathcal{O}(10^2) events are given at Eμ=50E_{\mu}= 50 GeV.Comment: Contribution to the 6th International Workshop on Neutrino Factories & Superbeams(NuFact04), Jul. 26-Aug. 1, 2004, Osaka Univerisity, Osaka, Japan, talk given by S.K., to appear in the Proceedings, 3 pages, 4 figure

    Cross-talk suppressed multi-anode MCP-PMT

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    We have developed a 4-channel multi-anode MCP-PMT, SL10, which exhibits a performance of sigma_TTS ~ 30 ps for single photons with G ~ 10^6 and QE=20% under a magnetic field of B <= 1.5 T. The cross-talk among anodes has been extensively studied. We have taken two measures to suppress it: one is to configure the SL10 to an effectively independent 4 small pieces of MCP-PMT's by segmenting an electrode of the second MCP-layer; the other is to use a constant fractional discriminator. Remarkable improvement has been achieved.Comment: 14 pages, 14 figure

    Lepton flavor violating semileptonic τ\tau decays τlP(V)\tau\to lP(V) in a topcolor scenario

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    The contributions of the neutral top-pion πt0\pi_{t}^{0} and the non-universal gauge boson ZZ' predicted by topcolor scenario to the lepton flavor violating (LFV)(LFV) semileptonic τ\tau decays τlP(V)\tau\to lP(V) (P=π0,η,η(P=\pi^{0}, \eta, \eta' and V=ρ0,ϕ) V=\rho^{0}, \phi) are discussed. We find that the contributions of ZZ' to these decay processes are generally larger than those from πt0\pi_{t}^{0}. πt0\pi_{t}^{0} can only make the value of the branching ratio Br(τlP)Br(\tau\to lP) in the range of 1×1011\times10^{-11} \sim 1×1016\times10^{-16}, which is far below the sensitivity of foreseeable experiments. With reasonable values of the free parameters, the non-universal gauge boson ZZ' can make the value of the branching ratio Br(τμϕ)Br(\tau^{-}\to \mu^{-}\phi) reach 1×107\times10^{-7}, which might approach the observable threshold of near-future experiments.Comment: 15 pages. Discussions added, some typos correcte

    The D0 Run IIb Luminosity Measurement

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    An assessment of the recorded integrated luminosity is presented for data collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider from June 2006 to September 2011 (Run IIb). In addition, a measurement of the effective cross section for inelastic interactions, also referred to as the luminosity constant, is reported. This measurement incorporates new features that lead to a substantial improvement in the precision of the result. A luminosity constant of \sigma_{LM} = 48.3\pm1.9\pm0.6 mb is obtained, where the first uncertainty is due to the accuracy of the inelastic cross section used by both CDF and D0, and the second uncertainty is due to D0 sources. The recorded luminosity for the highest E_T jet trigger is L_rec = 9.2 \pm 0.4 fb^{-1}, with a relative uncertainty of 4.3%.Comment: 20 pages, 23 figure

    Spectral Correlation in Incommensurate Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

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    We investigate the energy spectra of clean incommensurate double-walled carbon nanotubes, and find that the overall spectral properties are described by the so-called critical statistics of Anderson metal-insulator transition. In the energy spectra, there exist three different regimes characterized by Wigner-Dyson, Poisson, and semi-Poisson distributions. This feature implies that the electron transport in incommensurate multi-walled nanotubes can be either diffusive, ballistic, or intermediate between them, depending on the position of the Fermi energy.Comment: final version to appear in Phys. Rev. Let

    \tau^- \to \mu^- \pi^0(\eta,\eta') Decays in New Physics Scenarios beyond the Standard Model

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    The semileptonic decays τμM(M=π0,η,η)\tau^- \to \mu^- M (M=\pi^0,\eta,\eta') could be sensitive probe for new physics scenarios with lepton flavor violation(LFV). Motivated by the recent Belle measurement, we investigate these decays in type III two-Higgs-doublet model (2HDM III), R-parity violating supersymmetric models(RPV SUSY) and flavor changing ZZ' models with family non-universal couplings, respectively. In these new physics scenarios, there are LFV couplings at tree level. Our results have shown that the decays are very sensitive to the LFV couplings and could be enhanced to the present experimental sensitivities. We have derived strong bounds on relevant couplings of these models, which may be useful for further relevant studies.Comment: 18 pages, 7 eps figures. Hadronic uncertainties considered and references adde

    Study of B -> \rho \pi decays at Belle

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    This paper describes a study of B meson decays to the pseudoscalar-vector final state \rho\pi using 31.9\times 10^6 B\bar{B} events collected with the Belle detector at KEKB. The branching fractions B(B^+ \to \rho^0\pi^+) = (8.0^{+2.3+0.7}_{-2.0-0.7}) \times 10^{-6} and B(B^0 -> \rho^{+-} \pi^{-+}) = (20.8^{+6.0+2.8}_{-6.3-3.1}) \times 10^{-6} are obtained. In addition, a 90% confidence level upper limit of B(B^0 \to \rho^0\pi^0) < 5.3 \times 10^{-6}is reported.Comment: 14 pages, 3 figures, to be submitted to Phys. Lett.

    Structural comparison of the free and DNA-bound forms of the purine repressor DNA-binding domain

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    AbstractBackground: The purine repressor (PurR) regulates genes that encode enzymes for purine biosynthesis. PurR has a two domain structure with an N-terminal DNA-binding domain (DBD) and a C-terminal corepressor-binding domain (CBD). The three-dimensional structure of a ternary complex of PurR bound to both corepressor and a specific DNA sequence has recently been determined by X-ray crystallography.Results We have determined the solution structure of the PurR DBD by NMR. It contains three helices, with the first and second helices forming a helix-turn-helix motif. The tertiary structure of the three helices is very similar to that of the corresponding region in the ternary complex. The structure of the hinge helical region, however, which makes specific base contacts in the minor groove of DNA, is disordered in the DNA-free form.Conclusion The stable formation of PurR hinge helices requires PurR dimerization, which brings the hinge regions proximal to each other. The dimerization of the hinge helices is likely to be controled by the CBD dimerization interface, but is induced by specific-DNA binding

    Study of the Baryon-Antibaryon Low-Mass Enhancements in Charmless Three-body Baryonic B Decays

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    The angular distributions of the baryon-antibaryon low-mass enhancements seen in the charmless three-body baryonic B decays B+ -> p pbar K+, B0 -> p pbar Ks, and B0 -> p Lambdabar pi- are reported. A quark fragmentation interpretation is supported, while the gluonic resonance picture is disfavored. Searches for the Theta+ and Theta++ pentaquarks in the relevant decay modes and possible glueball states G with 2.2 GeV/c2 < M-ppbar < 2.4 GeV/c2 in the ppbar systems give null results. We set upper limits on the products of branching fractions, B(B0 -> Theta+ p)\times B(Theta+ -> p Ks) Theta++ pbar) \times B(Theta++ -> p K+) G K+) \times B(G -> p pbar) < 4.1 \times 10^{-7} at the 90% confidence level. The analysis is based on a 140 fb^{-1} data sample recorded on the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e+e- collider.Comment: 14 pages, 13 figure files, update of hep-ex/0409010 for journal submisssio